Dachsbach

Dachsbach is a market town and municipality in the district of Neustadt (Aisch)-Bad Windsheim, in the administrative region of Middle Franconia in northern Bavaria in Germany.

Dachsbach
Tower of the former Dachsbach Castle
Tower of the former Dachsbach Castle
Coat of arms of Dachsbach
Coat of arms
Location of Dachsbach within Neustadt a.d.Aisch-Bad Windsheim district
Dachsbach in NEA.svg
Dachsbach is located in Germany
Dachsbach
Dachsbach
Dachsbach is located in Bavaria
Dachsbach
Dachsbach
Coordinates: 49°38′N 10°42′E / 49.633°N 10.700°E / 49.633; 10.700Coordinates: 49°38′N 10°42′E / 49.633°N 10.700°E / 49.633; 10.700
CountryGermany
StateBavaria
Admin. regionMittelfranken
DistrictNeustadt a.d.Aisch-Bad Windsheim
Municipal assoc.Uehlfeld
Subdivisions5 Ortsteile
Government
 • MayorHans-Jürgen Regus (Einigkeit Oberhöchstädt)
Area
 • Total20.58 km2 (7.95 sq mi)
Elevation
280 m (920 ft)
Population
 (2019-12-31)[1]
 • Total1,809
 • Density88/km2 (230/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
Postal codes
91462
Dialling codes09163
Vehicle registrationNEA
Websitewww.dachsbach.de

GeographyEdit

Dachsbach is located in the valley of the Aisch. The borough Rauschenberg is on the southern hills of the Steigerwald. The neighbouring municipalities are (from the north in clockwise direction): Uehlfeld, Weisendorf, Gerhardshofen and Gutenstetten. The municipality has five boroughs: Arnshöchstädt, Traishöchstädt, Göttelbrunn, Oberhöchstädt and Rauschenberg with Ziegelhütte.

HistoryEdit

The first documented notice of Dachsbach is from 1129 - a Knight Heinrich von Dachsbach sold one of his properties to the monastery St. Michael in Bamberg. In 1132 there was a witness with name Knight Albrecht von Dachsbach for the foundation of the monastery Heilsbronn. From 1298 until 1347 there was a Knight Konrad von Dachsbach reeve of the monastery of Münchsteinach. On April 14, 1280 the castle was pledged to the burgraves of Nuremberg, who made an official residence of it and built up Dachsbach as a bastion against the Cathedral Foundation Bamberg. Until 1797 the official residence remained in Dachsbach. At this time Neustadt an der Aisch became the central residence in the valley of the Aisch. Until this time the blood court for up to 41 surrounding areas was localized in the bailiff's office. The gallows at Galgenberg (i.e. Gallows Hill) were broken down in 1814.

Several wars have left their marks in Dachsbach. In the First Margrave War (1449–1450) and the Second Margrave War (1552–1555) troops from Nuremberg, in the Peasants' War the rebellious peasants occupied and raided Dachsbach. On November 12, 1553 Albrecht Alcibiades burned down his own castle to "learn the Nuremberg moneybags the bourning". In the Thirty Years' War (August 10, 1634) troops from Forchheim destroyed Dachsbach nearly complete. They only left the church, the tithe barn and six houses. At the beginning of the Thirty Years' War the mint of the margrave in Dachsbach manufactured "Bad Thaler" (worth 120 Kreutzer), which had the size of full-fledged Thaler, but were made of low-grade silver with a high copper fraction.

The end of the bailiff-time in Dachsbach was 1797. At this time the bailiff Herrgott (i.e. God) resided in Dachsbach. To him the proverb "living like God in Dachsbach" and the naming "God's heads" for the citizens of Dachsbach are traced back. In August 1798 he interrogated a custodian and initiated the smashing of the "Big Franconian Thieves and Robber Gang". But his end was not very "God-like": He got into custody in Bamberg in 1806 for breach of duty. Since then Dachsbach passed a contemplative existence and can document its partly outstanding regional importance only with its cultural monuments.

MayorEdit

Hans-Jürgen Regus is the mayor since 2011. He is the successor of Walter Neudecker. Regus was reelected in 2014.[2][3]

Cultural monumentsEdit

  • Tower House of the Water Castle
  • Old Bailiff Office
  • Round Bastion
  • Church of Our Lady
  • Old and New Castle Rauschenberg
  • Old Tavern Oberhöchstädt

EcclesiasticEdit

  • Protestant Church Community - Church Choir Dachsbach
  • Protestant Rural Youth Association Dachsbach
  • Protestant Church Community Oberhöchstädt
  • Protestant Rural Youth Association Oberhöchstädt

TheatreEdit

  • Dachsbacher Burgtheater e.V.

Culinary specialtiesEdit

Carps of the valley of the Aisch in the local gastronomy.

Pretzels from the Erbel bakery.[4]

Economy and infrastructureEdit

Federal highway B 470 is directed from north-east to south-west through the community area.

From 12 July 1904, until 30 May 1976, there was a railway from Neustadt (Aisch) to Demantsfürth-Uehlfeld called Aischtalbahn which led to the railway Nuremberg Würzburg. It was broken down and since then only busses connect Dachsbach with the surrounding areas. The lines belong to the pay scale area of VGN.

PersonalitiesEdit

LiteratureEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Tabellenblatt "Daten 2", Statistischer Bericht A1200C 202041 Einwohnerzahlen der Gemeinden, Kreise und Regierungsbezirke". Bayerisches Landesamt für Statistik und Datenverarbeitung (in German). July 2020.
  2. ^ "Wahlen". www.statistik.bayern.de. Retrieved 25 April 2019.
  3. ^ http://www.nordbayern.de/region/neustadt-aisch/dachsbach-hat-einen-neuen-burgermeister-1.414837
  4. ^ Crair, Ben (2018). "This German Baker Makes What May Be The World's Best Pretzel". SAVEUR. Retrieved 25 April 2019.