Dürnau is a municipality in the district of Göppingen in Baden-Württemberg in southern Germany.

Dürnau
Panorama of Dürnau
Panorama of Dürnau
Coat of arms of Dürnau
Coat of arms
Location of Dürnau within Göppingen district
Alb-Donau-KreisEsslingen (district)Heidenheim (district)Reutlingen (district)Rems-Murr-KreisOstalbkreisOstalbkreisAdelbergAichelbergAlbershausenBad BollBad DitzenbachBad ÜberkingenBirenbachBöhmenkirchBörtlingenDeggingenDonzdorfDrackensteinDürnauEislingenHeiningenEbersbach an der FilsEschenbachEschenbachGammelshausenGeislingen an der SteigeGingen an der FilsGöppingenGruibingenHattenhofenHeiningenHohenstadtKuchenLautersteinMühlhausen im TäleOttenbachRechberghausenSalachSchlatSchlierbachSüßenUhingenWäschenbeurenWangenWiesensteigZell unter AichelbergDürnau in GP.svg
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Dürnau is located in Germany
Dürnau
Dürnau
Dürnau is located in Baden-Württemberg
Dürnau
Dürnau
Coordinates: 48°38′34″N 9°38′16″E / 48.64278°N 9.63778°E / 48.64278; 9.63778Coordinates: 48°38′34″N 9°38′16″E / 48.64278°N 9.63778°E / 48.64278; 9.63778
CountryGermany
StateBaden-Württemberg
Admin. regionStuttgart
DistrictGöppingen
Government
 • MayorMarkus Wagner
Area
 • Total5.37 km2 (2.07 sq mi)
Elevation
543 m (1,781 ft)
Population
 (2018-12-31)[1]
 • Total2,169
 • Density400/km2 (1,000/sq mi)
Time zoneCET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes
73105
Dialling codes07164
Vehicle registrationGP
Websitewww.duernau.de

Geographical locationEdit

Dürnau is on the edge of the Swabian Jura, about ten kilometers south of the county town Göppingen. The highest point is in the south on the border to the municipality of Gruibingen between Köpfle and Kornberg. The lowest point is north of the border to the municipality Heiningen.

Neighboring communitiesEdit

The municipality borders in the north Göppingen and Heiningen, in the east Gammelshausen, in the south Gruibingen and in the west Bad Boll.

Municipality arrangementEdit

The municipality Dürnau includes the village and the houses Ölmühle and Wilhelmshöhe.[2]

HistoryEdit

The origin of the name is not entirely clear. Presumably, the name derives from a medieval watchtower, which stood on the territory of the present municipality. The place was first time mentioned as "Durnon" in 1275 in the liber decimatonis.

 
Dürnau former water castle

The low noble family Dürner of Dürnau was from the 13th to the 15th century probably as ministerials in the service of the Earl of Aichelberg. 1339 Dürnau became part of Württemberg. 1479 Ulrich, Duke of Württemberg sold the place to the gentlemen of Zillenhardt. After the extinction of the last Lord of Zillenhrdt in 1623 the village fell to the lords of Degenfeld. 1684 the place was sold to the Electorate of Bavaria.

Because of the German mediatization and the Mediatisation Dürnau 1806 became again part of Württemberg and came to Oberamt Göppingen. With the municipal reform 1938 the district came part of Göppingen.

ReligionEdit

Since the Reformation Dürnau is Protestant. Only since 1963, there is again a Roman Catholic church, which belongs to the parish of Bad Boll.

Population Development 1837-2013Edit

Datum Einwohner
1837 668
1907 508
17. Mai 1939 458
13. September 1950 801
27. Mai 1970 1.514
31. Dezember 1983 1.520
31. Dezember 2000 2.033
31. Dezember 2005 2.092
31. Dezember 2010 2.083
31. Dezember 2013 2.082

PoliticsEdit

Since 1970 Dürnau belongs to the administration unit area Bad Boll.

MayorEdit

The mayor is since 1986 Friedrich Buchmaier.

 
Dürnau Town hall

CouncilEdit

The Dürnau council has 10 members. The council consists of the elected honorary councilors and the mayor as chairman. The mayor is entitled to vote in the municipal council.

CrestEdit

The blazon of the municipal coat of arms of Dürnau is: Argent, a black hunting horn with golden fetters. The coat of arms can be seen from the former local aristocracy of men of Dürnau, and was adopted in 1923. The derived flag colors black and white were awarded by the Ministry of the Interior on 18 February 1959.

Educational institutionsEdit

Dürnau has a common primary school and a common children's house with Gammelshausen.

Leisure and sports facilitiesEdit

Dürnau has two sports fields, two tennis courts, a basketball court and a hard court. A youth house for young people is in Dürnau. There is also the Kornberg hall, which has a stage and thus can be used for cultural events. In the basement of the Kornberg hall is a gym and a teaching pool, which is also open to individuals. The hall of the Protestant church is also an ideal setting for smaller events.

TransportEdit

Dürnau is reachable by a road to Gammelshausen and Bad Boll. With the municipality Heiningen Dürnau is connected via a dirt road, which is however not released for public transport for transit. The connection point Aichelberg the Bundesautobahn 8 is located approximately 7 km away. Dürnau was also a halt of the Voralbbahn, which has ceased operation till 1989. Since then Dürnau is connected only through a bus line, for instance with the county town Göppingen.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Bevölkerung nach Nationalität und Geschlecht am 31. Dezember 2018". Statistisches Landesamt Baden-Württemberg (in German). July 2019.
  2. ^ Das Land Baden-Württemberg. Amtliche Beschreibung nach Kreisen und Gemeinden. Band III: Regierungsbezirk Stuttgart, Regionalverband Mittlerer Neckar. Kohlhammer, Stuttgart 1978, ISBN 3-17-004758-2. S. 284–285.