Cybinka

Cybinka [t͡sɨˈbʲiŋka] (German: Ziebingen) is a town in Słubice County, in Lubusz Voivodeship, Poland. It is the administrative seat of the Gmina Cybinka.

Cybinka
Our Lady of Częstochowa church in Cybinka
Our Lady of Częstochowa church in Cybinka
Flag of Cybinka
Flag
Coat of arms of Cybinka
Coat of arms
Cybinka is located in Poland
Cybinka
Cybinka
Coordinates: 52°12′N 14°48′E / 52.200°N 14.800°E / 52.200; 14.800
Country Poland
VoivodeshipLubusz
CountySłubice
GminaCybinka
First mentioned1472
Town rights1945
Government
 • MayorMarek Kołodziejczyk
Area
 • Total5.32 km2 (2.05 sq mi)
Population
 (2019-06-30[1])
 • Total2,749
 • Density520/km2 (1,300/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
69-108
Area code(s)+48 68
Car platesFSL
Websitecybinka.pl

GeographyEdit

Cybinka is located near the Oder river and the border with Germany, about 24 kilometres (15 miles) southeast of Słubice and about 61 kilometres (38 miles) northwest of the regional capital Zielona Góra. It is part of the historic Lubusz Land. As of 2019, the town has 2,749 inhabitants.

HistoryEdit

The region of Lubusz Land formed part of Poland since the creation of the state in the 10th century,[2] although the settlement was first mentioned in 1472, when the Lubusz Land had been incorporated into the Neumark region of the Margraviate of Brandenburg. In 1582 the margraves enfeoffed Ziebingen to the Protestant Order of Saint John commandry at Łagów.

The Order held the town until 1804; a local castle served as the seat of a commander (Komtur). From 1751 it was a possession of the Burgsdorff noble dynasty, who had it rebuilt in a Neo-Classical style. From 1801 it was the home of the Romantic poet Ludwig Tieck, who also stayed here after the castle was acquired by the Finck von Finckenstein family in 1802. Ziebingen became a venue for Romantic authors like Per Atterbom, Achim von Armin, Clemens Brentano or Joseph von Eichendorff, until in 1819 Tieck left for Dresden.

The town's surrounding was home to a historic Slavic speaking minority in a German-speaking area.[3]

 
A memorial stone dedicated to the veterans of the fight for Poland's freedom and independence

From 1815 Ziebingen was part of the Prussian province of Brandenburg. Ziebingen was devastated in the course of the Vistula–Oder Offensive of the Red Army on 4 February 1945. The Finckenstein castle survived the war, but burnt down completely in 1973. After Nazi Germany's defeat in World War II the area became part of Poland as part of the so-called Recovered territories and Cybinka was granted town rights. The town's population was expelled in totality. The 32nd Infantry Regiment of the Polish Army was stationed in the town shortly after the war.[4]

Twin towns – sister citiesEdit

See twin towns of Gmina Cybinka.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Population. Size and structure and vital statistics in Poland by territorial divison in 2019. As of 30th June". stat.gov.pl. Statistics Poland. 2019-10-15. Retrieved 2020-03-27.
  2. ^ "Historia". Urząd Miejski w Cybince (in Polish). Retrieved July 27, 2019.
  3. ^ Gerhard Jaeschke, Manfred Schieche (2009). Ziebingen und Umgebung - Der Wendische Winkel im Sternberger Land Band II: Der Süden und Südosten. 2. Lightning Source Incorporated.CS1 maint: uses authors parameter (link)
  4. ^ Stanisław Rzepski, Szlakiem 32 Pułku Piechoty. Z dziejów 32 Budziszyńskiego Pułku Piechoty, Wydawnictwo Ministerstwa Obrony Narodowej, Warszawa, 1968, p. 192 (in Polish)

External linksEdit

Coordinates: 52°12′N 14°47′E / 52.200°N 14.783°E / 52.200; 14.783