# Cubic foot

The cubic foot (symbol ft3)[1] is an imperial and US customary (non-metric) unit of volume, used in the United States and the United Kingdom. It is defined as the volume of a cube with sides of one foot (0.3048 m) in length. Its volume is 28.3168 L (about ​135 of a cubic metre).

Cubic foot
Unit systemImperial and US Customary
Unit ofVolume
Symbolft3 or cu ft
Conversions
1 ft3 in ...... is equal to ...
U.S. customary   127 yd3
SI units   0.02832 m3

At 60 °F (16 °C), a cubic foot of water weighs 62.37 pounds (28.29 kg).

## Conversions

 1 cubic foot = 1728 cubic inches = ​1⁄27 of a cubic yard ≈ 0.037037 yd3 = 0.0283 m3 = 28.3168 L = ​576⁄77 US fluid gallons = ​1728⁄231 US fl gal ≈ 7.480519 US fl gal = ​73728⁄77 US fluid ounces ≈ 957.51 US fl oz ≈ 6.2288 imperial gallons ≈ 996.61 imperial fluid ounces ≈ 0.80356 US bushels ≈ 0.17811 oil barrel

## Symbols and abbreviations

The IEEE symbol for the cubic foot is ft3.[1] The following abbreviations are used: cubic feet, cubic foot, cubic ft, cu feet, cu foot, cu ft, cu.ft, cuft, cb ft, cb.ft, cbft, cbf, feet3, foot3, ft3, feet/-3, foot/-3, ft/-3.[citation needed]

Larger multiples are in common usage in commerce and industry in the USA:

• CCF or HCF: Centum (Latin hundred) cubic feet; i.e., 100 ft3
• MCF: Mille (Latin thousand) cubic feet; i.e., 1000 ft3
• MMCF: Mille mille cubic feet; i.e., 1000000 ft3
• MMCFD: MMCF per day; i.e., 1000000 ft3/d
• BCF or TMC: Billion or thousand million cubic feet; i.e., 1000000000 ft3
• TMC is usually used for referring to storage capacity and actual storage volume of storage dams.
• TCF: Trillion cubic feet; i.e, 1000000000000 ft3
• Used in the oil and gas industry.

## Cubic foot per second and related flow rates

The IEEE symbol for the cubic foot per second is ft3/s.[1] The following abbreviations are used:

The flow or discharge of rivers, i.e., the volume of water passing a location per unit of time, is commonly expressed in units of cubic feet per second or cubic metres per second.

Cusec is a measure of flow rate and is informal shorthand for "cubic feet per second"[2] (28.317 litres per second).[2] In the United States it is generally applied to water flow, particularly in rivers and canals. Other informal synonyms are cfs and second-feet.

• 1 ft3s−1 = 0.028316847 m3⋅s−1 = 28.316847 L⋅s−1
• 1 cusec = 1.699 m3⋅min−1 = 1699 L⋅min−1

## Cubic foot per minute

The IEEE symbol for the cubic foot per minute is ft3/min.[1] The following abbreviations are used:

• CFPM
• CFM
• cufm

Cubic feet per minute is used to measure the amount of air that's being delivered and is a common metric used for carburettors,[3] pneumatic tools, and air compressor systems.[4]

## Standard cubic foot

A standard cubic foot (abbreviated scf) is a measure of quantity of gas, sometimes[clarification needed] defined in terms of standard temperature and pressure as a cubic foot of volume at 60 degrees Fahrenheit (15.56 °C; 288.71 K) and 14.7 pounds per square inch (PSI) (1.01 bar; 101.35 kPa) of pressure.[citation needed]