Crailsheim

Crailsheim is a town in the German state of Baden-Württemberg. Incorporated in 1338, it lies 32 kilometres (20 miles) east of Schwäbisch Hall and 40 km (25 mi) southwest of Ansbach in the Schwäbisch Hall district. The city's main attractions include two Evangelical churches, a Catholic church, and the 67 metre tower of its town hall.

Crailsheim
The Johanneskirche, built between 1398 and 1440, is one of the oldest buildings in Crailsheim
The Johanneskirche, built between 1398 and 1440, is one of the oldest buildings in Crailsheim
Coat of arms of Crailsheim
Coat of arms
Location of Crailsheim within Schwäbisch Hall district
Crailsheim in SHA.svg
Crailsheim is located in Germany
Crailsheim
Crailsheim
Crailsheim is located in Baden-Württemberg
Crailsheim
Crailsheim
Coordinates: 49°08′05″N 10°04′14″E / 49.13472°N 10.07056°E / 49.13472; 10.07056Coordinates: 49°08′05″N 10°04′14″E / 49.13472°N 10.07056°E / 49.13472; 10.07056
CountryGermany
StateBaden-Württemberg
Admin. regionStuttgart
DistrictSchwäbisch Hall
SubdivisionsCore city and 8 districts
Government
 • Lord MayorDr. Christoph Grimmer (no partyruling_party1 =)
Area
 • Total109.08 km2 (42.12 sq mi)
Elevation
414 m (1,358 ft)
Population
 (2018-12-31)[1]
 • Total34,400
 • Density320/km2 (820/sq mi)
Time zoneCET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes
74564
Dialling codes07951
Vehicle registrationSHA / CR
Websitewww.crailsheim.de

HistoryEdit

Crailsheim is famed for withstanding a siege by forces of three imperial cities - Schwäbisch Hall, Dinkelsbühl, and Rothenburg ob der Tauber - lasting from 1379 until 1380, a feat which it celebrates annually. Crailsheim became a possession of the Burgrave of Nuremberg following the siege. In 1791 it became part of the Prussian administrative region, before returning to Bavaria in 1806 and becoming a part of Württemberg in 1810.

Crailsheim's railroad and airfield were heavily defended by the Waffen-SS in 1945 (World War II). Following an American Army assault in mid-April 1945 the town was occupied briefly by US forces before being lost to German counter-offensive. Intense US bombing and artillery shelling during a second US conquest destroyed much of the city, with subsequent fires consuming its historic inner city. Only the Johanneskirche (St. John's Church) escaped unharmed.[2]

Crailsheim became the postwar home to the U.S. Army's McKee Barracks until the facility closed in January 1994.[3]

Major employers in the Crailsheim area include:

The following boroughs comprise the Crailsheim municipality: Altenmünster, Erkenbrechtshausen, Tiefenbach, Onolzheim, Roßfeld, Jagstheim, Westgartshausen, Goldbach, Triensbach and Beuerlbach.

TransportationEdit

Crailsheim is served by the Upper Jagst Railway.

Twin towns - sister citiesEdit

Crailsheim is twinned with:[6]

Crailsheim MerlinsEdit

The Crailsheim Merlins are the city's basketball team. Founded in 1986, they originally played in lower leagues. In 1995 they moved into a new sports hall, improved, and were promoted in 2001 to the 2. Bundesliga, the second division of German basketball. In 2015 they were first promoted to the Bundesliga but relegated after two seasons. They achieved promotion again in 2018. www.crailsheim-merlins.de

PersonalitiesEdit

  • Philipp Gottfried Alexander, 10th Prince of Hohenlohe-Langenburg born 1970
  • Inge Aicher-Scholl (1917–1998), author
  • Susanne Bay (born 1965), politician (The Greens), Member of Landtag
  • Eugen Grimminger (1892–1986), Member of White Rose
  • Dieter Lange (born 1932), was a German illustrator for Stern Magazine, Die Zeit, Ravensburger Spielkiste, many novels and Children's books
  • Sabine Meyer (born 1959), German clarinetist
  • Wolfgang Meyer, (1954–2019) German clarinetist
  • Alexander Neidlein (born 1975), politician (NPD)
  • Hans Sachs (1874–1947), Member of Reichstag
  • Kurt Schneider (1887–1967), psychiatrist
  • Hans Scholl, (1918-1943) born in a village named Ingersheim, which is part of Crailsheim today, was a founding member of the White Rose resistance movement in Nazi Germany.
  • Eva Schorr (1927-2016), German painter and composer
  • Werner Utter (1921–2006), one of the first flight captains of the Lufthansa after World War II
  • Karl Waldmann (1889–1969), NSDAP-politician
  • Michael Glenn (born 1978), Disciple of Jesus

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Bevölkerung nach Nationalität und Geschlecht am 31. Dezember 2018". Statistisches Landesamt Baden-Württemberg (in German). July 2019.
  2. ^ "HyperWar: The Last Offensive [Chapter 18]". www.ibiblio.org.
  3. ^ Aug 5th 2017 - 7am, Julie Buntjer |. "Crailsheim's McKee Barracks closure led to land redevelopment". The Globe.CS1 maint: extra punctuation (link)
  4. ^ "Syntegon Home < Company < Locations < Crailsheim". www.syntegon.com.
  5. ^ "Home - Schubert Group - Schubert Group". www.schubert.group.
  6. ^ "Crailsheim international - Partnerstädte". crailsheim.de (in German). Crailsheim. 2019-04-25. Retrieved 2019-12-04.

External linksEdit