Cox Enterprises, Inc. is a privately held global conglomerate headquartered in Atlanta, Georgia, United States, with approximately 55,000 employees and $21 billion in total revenue. Its major operating subsidiaries are Cox Communications, Cox Automotive and Cox Media Group. The company's major national brands include AutoTrader, Kelley Blue Book and more.
|Founded||1898Dayton, Ohio, U.S.in|
|Founder||James M. Cox|
|James C. Kennedy, Chairman|
Alexander C. Taylor, President & CEO
|Products||Telecommunications, Automotive, Mass media|
|Revenue||US$21 billion (2018)|
|Owner||Cox family |
Number of employees
Through Cox Automotive, the company's international operations stretch across Asia, Australia, Europe and Latin America. Cox Enterprises is currently led by Alexander C. Taylor, a fourth-generation Cox family member and great-grandson of founder James M. Cox. James M. Cox's grandson, James C. Kennedy and other members of the Cox family are on the company's board of directors.
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The company was founded in Dayton, Ohio by James M. Cox, who purchased the Dayton Daily News in 1898. Cox later became the Democratic Party candidate for president of the United States in the presidential election of 1920, running unsuccessfully on a ticket that included Franklin D. Roosevelt as the vice presidential candidate.
Years later and at the urging of Governor Cox’s son, James M. Cox Jr. Cox entered the radio business, starting with WHIO in Dayton in 1935. Governor Cox purchased the Atlanta Journal in 1939 as well as WSB radio station which had gone on air in 1922. On September 29, 1948, television made its debut in Atlanta via Cox’s WSB-TV, which was referred to as “Eyes of the South.” WHIO-TV followed airing on February 23,1949 and was the first television station in Ohio’s Miami Valley.
In 1950, Governor Cox purchased The Atlanta Constitution, followed by the 1962 acquisition by his son, Jim Cox Jr., of three cable systems in central Pennsylvania which had a combined 11,800 subscribers. In 1964 Cox’s broadcasting and cable businesses became Cox Broadcasting Corporation (CBC) and opened for trading on the New York Stock Exchange. Cox’s newspapers remained a private company and operated separately from CBC.
In 1968, Jim Cox Jr. helped establish Cox Enterprises, Inc., the private company under which Cox operates today. Additionally, Cox’s cable systems were consolidated into a new company, Cox Cable Communications, Inc. (CCC). By 1971 CCC had become the second-largest company in the cable TV industry. Upon Jim Cox Jr.’s death in 1974, he left his two sisters, Anne Cox Chambers and Barbara Cox, in control of 95% of the privately-owned company.
In 1982, Cox Broadcasting Corporation changed its names to Cox Communications, Inc. The new name came with a new home, as Cox Communications moved its new headquarters to an up-and-coming commercial center on the edge of Atlanta. Cox Enterprises, Inc. purchased Cox Communications in 1985. The combined corporation, called Cox Enterprises, became the nation’s 13th largest media company. In 1988 then-Executive Vice President Jim Kennedy, grandson of Governor Cox, was promoted to CEO and chairman of Cox Enterprises.  Over the ensuing decades, Cox made pioneering investments and became the first company to bundle telephone, highspeed internet and digital cable television over a single broadband network.
Getting into AutomotiveEdit
Cox transitioned into the automotive industry in 1965 with the purchase of Black Book. Three years later, Manheim was purchased by Cox as well. The 1980s saw Manheim acquire its first non-U.S. auction in Toronto, Canada, making Cox an international company. In 1999, Autotrader.com was founded revolutionizing the way people buy and sell used cars. In 2014, Cox Enterprises brought all of its automotive-related businesses – including Manheim, Autotrader.com, Kelley Blue Book, vAuto and NextGear Capital – together under the newly created Cox Automotive subsidiary.
Cox Communications is the third-largest U.S. cable company, serving approximately 6 million residences and businesses. It provides advanced digital video, Internet, telephone and home security and automation services over its own nationwide IP network.
In 2019, Cox Communications earned the No. 11 spot on the 2019 DiversityInc Top 50 Companies for Diversity list. This marks the fourteenth time the company has been recognized among the nation’s corporate diversity leaders.
Cox Automotive is a provider of vehicle remarketing services and digital marketing and software for automotive dealers and consumers. Cox Automotive brands include Manheim, Clutch Technologies, Dealer-Auction Ltd, AutoTrader, Kelley Blue Book, vAuto, Dealer.com, Dealertrack, NextGear Capital, Xtime, Vinsolutions and a host of global businesses and brands serving auto dealers, manufacturers and financial institutions.
Cox Media GroupEdit
Cox Media Group (CMG) is an integrated broadcasting, publishing, direct marketing and digital media company.
In 2019 Cox Enterprises reached an agreement with Apollo Global Management to buy majority interest in Cox Media Group's broadcast television stations, including the company's radio, newspaper and TV properties in Ohio.  On February 10, 2020, Cox Enterprises bought back the Ohio newspapers it sold to Apollo Global Management after the FCC required Apollo to reduce the daily newspapers to 3-day publication or sell them. Cox announced the newspapers would continue 7-day publication.
Cox Conserves is the company’s national sustainability program that focuses on alternative energy, community investment, employee engagement, energy conservation, waste diversion, recycling, and water conservation.
Since its launch in 2007, Cox Enterprises has invested more than $120 million in over 400 sustainability and conservation projects through Cox Conserves to drive positive environmental change within the organization, among stakeholders, and within the communities being served.
Cox Conserves’ primary focus areas include:
- Energy conservation
- Water conservation
- Waste diversion & recycling
- Community engagement
Investments & InnovationEdit
In September 2019, Cox Automotive's Mobility Division entered into an agreement with Rivian, the company developing the first luxury all electric truck. In the deal, Cox will invest 350 million dollars into Rivian with the two companies exploring partnership opportunities in service operations, logistics, and digital retailing.
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- "Three Cox Billionaires Minted as Matriarch Gives Away Wealth". Bloomberg. November 20, 2015.
- "Cox Enterprises Elects Alex Taylor and Jamie Kennedy to Board of Directors - Apr 22, 2014". Coxenterprises.mediaroom.com. April 22, 2014. Retrieved November 7, 2015.
- "About Us - History". Cox Enterprises. Cox Enterprises.
- "120 Years of Building a Better Future". Cox Enterprises. Cox Enterprises. Retrieved August 15, 2018.
- Glover, C (February 1, 1999). Journey Through Our Years: The Story of Cox Enterprises, Inc. Marietta, GA: Longstreet. ISBN 978-1563525704.
- "Worldwide Automotive Leader". Cox Enterprises. Cox Enterprises. Retrieved December 23, 2019.
- "Cox Enterprises Businesses".
- "Cox Communications Fact Sheet". Cox Communications. Cox Communications. Retrieved December 23, 2019.
- "Cox Communications And Cleveland Clinic Form Alliance To Take Healthcare To The Home". Cox Communications. Cox Communications.
- "2019 DiversityINC Top 50 Companies for Diversity". DiversityInc.com. DiversityInc.com. Retrieved December 23, 2019.
- "Cox Automotive | Cox Enterprises".
- Jon, Lafayette. "Cox Sells Broadcast Group to Apollo Global Management". Broadcastingcable.com. Broadcastingcable.com. Retrieved December 23, 2019.
- Staff, Staff Writer. "Cox Enterprises buys back Ohio newspapers; 7-day publication continues". daytondailynews. Retrieved February 10, 2020.
- Scott Trubey, J. "Cox to Sell Majority Stake in TV Stations to Apollo". AJC.com. Atlanta Journal Constitution. Retrieved December 23, 2019.
- "Driving Positive Environmental Change". Cox Enterprises. Cox Enterprises. Retrieved December 23, 2019.
- "From the Inside Out". Cox Enterprises. Cox Enterprises. Retrieved December 23, 2019.
- "Rivian Announces $350 Million Investment from Cox Automotive". Cox Automotive. Cox Automotive. Retrieved December 23, 2019.
- Media related to Cox Enterprises at Wikimedia Commons