Counties of Iran

The counties of Iran, called shahrestan (Persian: شهرستان‎, also Romanized as "šahrestân"), are administrative divisions of larger provinces (ostan). The word shahrestan comes from the Persian words šahr ("city, town") and stân ("province, state"). "County", therefore, is a near equivalent to shahrestan.

Counties of Iran

Iranian counties are divided into one or more baxš (بخش), or districts. A typical county includes both cities (شهر šahr) and rural agglomerations (دهستان dehestân), which are groupings of adjacent villages. One city within the county serves as the capital of that county.

Each county is governed by an office known as farmândâri, which coordinates different public events and agencies and is headed by a farmândâr, the governor of the county and the highest-ranking official in the division.

Among the provinces of Iran, Fars has the highest number of shahrestans (23), while Qom uniquely has only one, being coextensive with its namesake county. In 2005, Iran had 324 shahrestans.

GuideEdit

To better understand these subdivisions, the following table is useful. Assume that province P is divided into two counties: A and B. County A has 3 districts: Central, X, and Y. The Central district is the district that contains City M, the capital of the county. Each district contains one or more cities and/or one or more RAs (rural agglomerations). In our example, the Central district contains City M, City N, and RA T, which is composed of the villages V1, V2, V3, and V4; district X contains City O and RA U; and district Y has no cities and one RA V. The minimal county consists of only one city as the only district, named Central. The county B in the following table is of such type, containing only one city Q.

Ostan (province) Shahrestan (county) District City / RA* Villages
P A Central City M (c)
City N
RA T V1, V2, V3, V4
X City O
RA U V5, V6
Y RA V V7, V8, V9
B Central City Q

The counties are listed below, by province:

Alborz ProvinceEdit

 
Counties of Alborz

Ardabil ProvinceEdit

 
Counties of Ardabil

Bushehr ProvinceEdit

 
Counties of Bushehr

Chaharmahal and Bakhtiari ProvinceEdit

 
Counties of Chaharmahal and Bakhtiari

East Azerbaijan ProvinceEdit

 
Counties of East Azerbaijan

Isfahan ProvinceEdit

 
Counties of Isfahan

Fars ProvinceEdit

 
Counties of Fars

Gilan ProvinceEdit

 
Counties of Gilan

Golestan ProvinceEdit

 
Counties of Golestan

Hamadan ProvinceEdit

 
Counties of Hamadan

Hormozgan ProvinceEdit

 
Counties of Hormozgan

Ilam ProvinceEdit

 
Counties of Ilam

Kerman ProvinceEdit

 
Counties of Kerman

Kermanshah ProvinceEdit

 
Counties of Kermanshah

Khuzestan ProvinceEdit

 
Counties of Khuzestan

Kohgiluyeh and Boyer-Ahmad ProvinceEdit

 
Counties of Kohgeluyeh and Boyer-Ahmad

Kurdistan ProvinceEdit

 
Counties of Kurdistan

Lorestan ProvinceEdit

 
Counties of Lorestan

Markazi ProvinceEdit

 
Counties of Markazi

Mazandaran ProvinceEdit

 
Counties of Mazandaran

North Khorasan ProvinceEdit

 
Counties of North Khorasan

Qazvin ProvinceEdit

 
Counties of Qazvin

Qom ProvinceEdit

Razavi Khorasan ProvinceEdit

 
Counties of Razavi Khorasan

Semnan ProvinceEdit

 
Counties of Semnan

Sistan and Baluchestan ProvinceEdit

 
Counties of Sistan and Baluchestan

South Khorasan ProvinceEdit

 
Counties of South Khorasan

Tehran ProvinceEdit

 
Counties of Tehran

West Azerbaijan ProvinceEdit

 
Counties of West Azerbaijan

Yazd ProvinceEdit

 
Counties of Yazd

Zanjan ProvinceEdit

 
Counties of Zanjan

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit