Council of London in 1102

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The Council of London was a Catholic church council convened by Anselm, archbishop of Canterbury, on Michaelmas in 1102. It marked the first major council of his episcopate, as he had been prohibited from convening any during the reign of William II of England. Anselm took the opportunity to initiate the Gregorian Reformation, prohibiting marriage, concubinage, and drunkenness to all those in holy orders,[1] condemning sodomy[2] and simony,[3] and regulating clerical dress.[3] Anselm also obtained a resolution against the British slave trade,[4][5] although this was aimed mainly at the sale of English slaves to Ireland and did not prevent the church from owning slaves.[6]

Those present included John of Tours[7] and Roger, the latter being elected to the see of Hereford by the council.

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ Partner (1973), pp. 467–475, 468.
  2. ^ Boswell (1981), p. 215.
  3. ^ a b Vaughn (1975), p. 295.
  4. ^ Pijper (1909), p. 681.
  5. ^ Crawley (1910).
  6. ^ Thomas.
  7. ^ Smith (1942).


  • Boswell, John (1980), Christianity, Social Tolerance, and Homosexuality, Chicago: University of Chicago Press, ISBN 0-226-06711-4.
  • Crawley, John J. (1910), Lives of the Saints, John J. Crawley & Co.
  • Partner, Nancy (December 1973), "Henry of Huntingdon: Clerical Celibacy and the Writing of History", Church History, 42 (4): 467–475, 468.
  • Pijper, Frederik (1909), "The Christian Church and Slavery in the Middle Ages", The American Historical Review, Vol. XIV, No. 4, American Historical Association, JSTOR 1837055.
  • Smith, R.A.L. (1942), "John of Tours, Bishop of Bath 1088–1122", Downside Review, Vol. LXX, pp. 132–141.
  • Thomas, Hugh (2006), The Slave Trade: History of the Atlantic Slave Trade, 1440-1870, Weidenfeld & Nicolson, ISBN 978-0753820568.
  • Vaughn, Sally (1975), "St Anselm of Canterbury: the Philosopher-Saint as Politician", Journal of Medieval History, Vol. I, pp. 279–306.