Costanzo Ciano, 1st Count of Cortellazzo and Buccari (30 August 1876 – 26 June 1939) was an Italian naval officer and politician. He was the father of Galeazzo Ciano.

Costanzo Ciano
Costanzo Ciano iii.jpg
President of the Italian Chamber of Deputies
In office
28 April 1934 – 2 March 1939
Preceded byGiovanni Giuriati
Succeeded byHimself as President of Chamber of Fasci and Corporations
President of Chamber of Fasci and Corporations
In office
23 March 1939 – 26 June 1939
Preceded byHimself as President of the Italian Chamber of Deputies
Succeeded byDino Grandi
Personal details
Born(1876-08-30)30 August 1876
Livorno, Italy
Died26 June 1939(1939-06-26) (aged 62)
Lucca, Italy
NationalityItalian
Political partyNational Fascist Party
ChildrenGaleazzo Ciano
ProfessionNaval commander

Contents

BiographyEdit

Early lifeEdit

Born at Livorno the son of Raimondo Ciano and wife Argia Puppo, he entered the Naval Academy of Livorno in 1891, being commissioned an officer five years later. In 1901, he became Tenente di vascello and took part in the Italo-Turkish War of 1911–1912.

The First World WarEdit

In 1915, at the entrance of Italy in World War I, he was a Capitano di corvetta (lieutenant commander), and was assigned to service in Cirenaica. After his return to Italy, he operated at the command of fast MAS units, receiving a Gold Medal for Military Value for a famous action in Bakar Harbour in Croatian Littoral, which was later celebrated by the poet Gabriele D'Annunzio (who had also participated). Ciano was appointed Senior commander at the end of the war and ennobled by King Victor Emmanuel III as Conte di Cortellazzo e Buccari.

Post-war fascistEdit

Ciano's ardent nationalism drew him into fascism. He became leader of the Livorno fascio and participated in the March on Rome in October 1922.[1]

On 31 October 1919, he assumed the post of Undersecretary of State for the Regia Marina and Commissioner for the Merchant Navy. On 9 November 1923, he was appointed rear admiral in the Naval Reserve. He was President of the Italian Chamber of Deputies from 1934 until his death, which occurred at Ponte a Moriano in 1939.

Awards and decorationsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Paul H. Lewis (2002). Latin fascist elites: the Mussolini, Franco, and Salazar regimes. Greenwood Publishing Group. pp. 30–31, 184. ISBN 0-275-97880-X. Retrieved 4 June 2009.

External linksEdit

Political offices
Preceded by
Giovanni Giuriati
President of the Italian Chamber of Deputies
1934–1939
Succeeded by
Dino Grandi
Italian nobility
Preceded by
New creation
Count of Cortellazzo and Buccari
1925–1939
Succeeded by
Galeazzo Ciano