Cornus foemina is a species of flowering plant in the Cornaceae known by the common names stiff dogwood[1] and swamp dogwood.[2][3] It is native to parts of the eastern and southeastern United States.[1]

Cornus foemina
Cornus foemina Kentucky.jpg

Secure (NatureServe)
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Asterids
Order: Cornales
Family: Cornaceae
Genus: Cornus
Subgenus: Cornus subg. Kraniopsis
C. foemina
Binomial name
Cornus foemina
Cornus foemina range map 1.png
Generalized natural range of Cornus foemina
  • Cornus stricta Lam.
  • Swida foemina (Mill.) Rydb.
  • Swida stricta (Lam.) Small

This plant is a large shrub or small tree up to 15 feet tall with trunks up to 4 inches wide. The bark is smooth or furrowed. The oppositely arranged, deciduous leaves are oval in shape with smooth edges. The inflorescence is a flat-topped cluster of white flowers. The fruit is a blue or purple drupe.[3]

This plant grows in wetlands, often in swampy conditions. It can tolerate moderate amounts of salinity.[3]


  1. ^ a b Cornus foemina. NatureServe.
  2. ^ Cornus foemina. University of Florida Center for Aquatic and Invasive Plants.
  3. ^ a b c Cornus foemina. USDA NRCS Plant Fact Sheet.

External linksEdit