Cornus foemina

Cornus foemina is a species of flowering plant in the Cornaceae known by the common names stiff dogwood[3] and swamp dogwood.[4][5] It is native to parts of the eastern and southeastern United States.[3]

Cornus foemina
Cornus foemina Kentucky.jpg

Secure (NatureServe)[2]
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Tracheophytes
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Asterids
Order: Cornales
Family: Cornaceae
Genus: Cornus
Subgenus: Cornus subg. Kraniopsis
C. foemina
Binomial name
Cornus foemina
Cornus foemina range map 1.png
Generalized natural range of Cornus foemina
  • Cornus stricta Lam.
  • Swida foemina (Mill.) Rydb.
  • Swida stricta (Lam.) Small

This plant is a large shrub or small tree up to 15 feet tall with trunks up to 4 inches wide. The bark is smooth or furrowed. The oppositely arranged, deciduous leaves are oval in shape with smooth edges. The inflorescence is a flat-topped cluster of white flowers. The fruit is a blue or purple drupe.[5]

This plant grows in wetlands, often in swampy conditions. It can tolerate moderate amounts of salinity.[5]


  1. ^ Stritch, L. (2018). "Cornus foemina". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2018: e.T130048382A130048385. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2018-2.RLTS.T130048382A130048385.en. Retrieved 4 May 2020.
  2. ^ "NatureServe Explorer 2.0 - Cornus foemina, Stiff Dogwood". Retrieved 4 May 2020.
  3. ^ a b Cornus foemina. NatureServe.
  4. ^ Cornus foemina. University of Florida Center for Aquatic and Invasive Plants.
  5. ^ a b c Cornus foemina. USDA NRCS Plant Fact Sheet.

External linksEdit