Conocarpus is a genus of two species of flowering plants in the family Combretaceae, native to tropical regions of the world. One of the species is a widespread mangrove species, the other is restricted to a small area around the southern Red Sea coasts, where it grows alongside seasonal rivers.

Conocarpus
Conocarpus erectus.jpg
Conocarpus erectus
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Rosids
Order: Myrtales
Family: Combretaceae
Genus: Conocarpus
L.[1]
Species

See text

Synonyms

Rudbeckia Adans.[1]

They are dense multiple-trunked shrubs or small to medium-sized trees from 1 to 20 m tall.

The generic name is derived from the Greek words κονος (konos), meaning "cone," and καρπος (karpos), meaning "fruit."[2]

Contents

DistributionEdit

 
Bottonwood tree at Fort Jefferson in the Dry Tortugas

Conocarpus erectus is native to the coasts of tropical America from Bermuda, the Bahamas and southern Florida through the West Indies, from Mexico south on the Gulf of Mexico, Caribbean and Atlantic coasts to Brazil, and on the Pacific Coast from Mexico to Peru, including the Galapagos Islands, and on the coast of western Africa from Senegal to the Democratic Republic of the Congo. It has been rarely introduced elsewhere.[3] Conocarpus lancifolius is native to Somalia and Yemen, and is cultivalted in eastern and northern Africa and the Arabian peninsula.[4]

List of speciesEdit

  • Conocarpus acuminatus Roxb. ex DC. synonym of Anogeissus acuminata (Roxb. ex DC.) Wall. ex Guillem. & Perr. [5]
  • Conocarpus acutifolius Willd. ex Schult. synonym of Conocarpus erectus L. [6]
  • Conocarpus erectus L. [7]
  • Conocarpus erectus var. arboreus DC. synonym of Conocarpus erectus L. [8]
  • Conocarpus erectus var. argenteus Millsp. synonym of Conocarpus erectus L. [9]
  • Conocarpus erectus f. erectus synonym of Conocarpus erectus L. [10]
  • Conocarpus erectus var. erectus synonym of Conocarpus erectus L. [11]
  • Conocarpus erectus var. procumbens DC. synonym of Conocarpus erectus L. [12]
  • Conocarpus erectus f. sericeus (E.Forst. ex DC.) Stace synonym of Conocarpus erectus L. [13]
  • Conocarpus erectus var. sericeus E.Forst. ex DC. synonym of Conocarpus erectus L. [14]
  • Conocarpus hirtus Buch.-Ham. ex Wall. (Unresolved) [15]
  • Conocarpus lanceolatus B.Heyne ex Wall. (Unresolved) [16]
  • Conocarpus lancifolius Engl. [17]
  • Conocarpus latifolius Roxb. ex DC. synonym of Anogeissus latifolia (Roxb. ex DC.) Wall. ex Guillem. & Perr. [18]
  • Conocarpus leiocarpus DC. synonym of Anogeissus leiocarpa (DC.) Guill. & Perr. [19]
  • Conocarpus monocarpus Steud. (Unresolved) [20]
  • Conocarpus myrtifolius Buch.-Ham. ex Wall. synonym of Anogeissus pendula Edgew. [21]
  • Conocarpus niloticus Delile ex Steud. (Unresolved) [22]
  • Conocarpus novae-zeylandiae Cels ex Ten. (Unresolved) [23]
  • Conocarpus parvifolius Hochst. ex A.Rich. (Unresolved) [24]
  • Conocarpus procumbens L. synonym of Conocarpus erectus L. [25]
  • Conocarpus pubescens Schumach. & Thonn. (Unresolved) [26]
  • Conocarpus racemosus L. synonym of Laguncularia racemosa (L.) C.F.Gaertn. [27]
  • Conocarpus schimperi Hochst. ex A.Rich. synonym of Anogeissus leiocarpa (DC.) Guill. & Perr. [28]
  • Conocarpus sericeus J.R.Forst. ex G.Don synonym of Conocarpus erectus L. [29]
  • Conocarpus sericeus (Griseb.) Jiménez synonym of Conocarpus erectus L. [30]
  • Conocarpus supina Crantz synonym of Conocarpus erectus L. [31]

Formerly placed hereEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "Genus: Conocarpus L." Germplasm Resources Information Network. United States Department of Agriculture. 1996-09-17. Retrieved 2010-11-27.
  2. ^ Austin, Daniel F. (2004). Florida Ethnobotany. CRC Press. p. 372. ISBN 978-0-8493-2332-4.
  3. ^ Duke, James A. (July 8, 1996). "Conocarpus erectus L." Retrieved February 24, 2019.
  4. ^ "Conocarpus lancifolius - Geographic range in detail". IUCN Red List. 1998. Retrieved February 24, 2019.
  5. ^ http://www.theplantlist.org/tpl1.1/record/kew-2734514
  6. ^ http://www.theplantlist.org/tpl1.1/record/kew-2734515
  7. ^ http://www.theplantlist.org/tpl1.1/record/kew-2734516
  8. ^ http://www.theplantlist.org/tpl1.1/record/kew-2734517
  9. ^ http://www.theplantlist.org/tpl1.1/record/kew-2734518
  10. ^ http://www.theplantlist.org/tpl1.1/record/tro-50270338
  11. ^ http://www.theplantlist.org/tpl1.1/record/tro-8200221
  12. ^ http://www.theplantlist.org/tpl1.1/record/kew-2734519
  13. ^ http://www.theplantlist.org/tpl1.1/record/kew-2606748
  14. ^ http://www.theplantlist.org/tpl1.1/record/kew-2734521
  15. ^ http://www.theplantlist.org/tpl1.1/record/kew-2734522
  16. ^ http://www.theplantlist.org/tpl1.1/record/kew-2734523
  17. ^ http://www.theplantlist.org/tpl1.1/record/kew-2734524
  18. ^ http://www.theplantlist.org/tpl1.1/record/kew-2734525
  19. ^ http://www.theplantlist.org/tpl1.1/record/kew-2734526
  20. ^ http://www.theplantlist.org/tpl1.1/record/kew-2734527
  21. ^ http://www.theplantlist.org/tpl1.1/record/kew-2734528
  22. ^ http://www.theplantlist.org/tpl1.1/record/kew-2734529
  23. ^ http://www.theplantlist.org/tpl1.1/record/kew-2734530
  24. ^ http://www.theplantlist.org/tpl1.1/record/kew-2734531
  25. ^ http://www.theplantlist.org/tpl1.1/record/kew-2734532
  26. ^ http://www.theplantlist.org/tpl1.1/record/kew-2734533
  27. ^ http://www.theplantlist.org/tpl1.1/record/kew-2734534
  28. ^ http://www.theplantlist.org/tpl1.1/record/kew-2734535
  29. ^ http://www.theplantlist.org/tpl1.1/record/kew-2734536
  30. ^ http://www.theplantlist.org/tpl1.1/record/kew-2734537
  31. ^ http://www.theplantlist.org/tpl1.1/record/kew-2734538
  32. ^ http://www.theplantlist.org/tpl1.1/record/kew-2641162
  33. ^ http://www.theplantlist.org/tpl1.1/record/kew-2641173
  34. ^ http://www.theplantlist.org/tpl1.1/record/kew-2641178
  35. ^ http://www.theplantlist.org/tpl1.1/record/kew-2641183
  36. ^ http://www.theplantlist.org/tpl1.1/record/kew-2338852