Complex conjugate representation
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In mathematics, if G is a group and Π is a representation of it over the complex vector space V, then the complex conjugate representation Π is defined over the complex conjugate vector space V as follows:
- Π(g) is the conjugate of Π(g) for all g in G.
Π is also a representation, as one may check explicitly.
- π(X) is the conjugate of π(X) for all X in g.
π is also a representation, as one may check explicitly.
If two real Lie algebras have the same complexification, and we have a complex representation of the complexified Lie algebra, their conjugate representations are still going to be different. See spinor for some examples associated with spinor representations of the spin groups Spin(p + q) and Spin(p, q).
If is a *-Lie algebra (a complex Lie algebra with a * operation which is compatible with the Lie bracket),
- π(X) is the conjugate of −π(X*) for all X in g
For a finite-dimensional unitary representation, the dual representation and the conjugate representation coincide. This also holds for pseudounitary representations.
- This is the mathematicians' convention. Physicists use a different convention where the Lie bracket of two real vectors is an imaginary vector. In the physicist's convention, insert a minus in the definition.