Comparative army officer ranks of Europe

Rank comparison chart of all armies and land forces of European states.

Officers (OF 1–10)Edit

Equivalent
NATO code
OF-10 OF-9 OF-8 OF-7 OF-6 OF-5 OF-4 OF-3 OF-2 OF-1 OF(D) and student officer
  Albania
(Edit)
No equivalent
                  No equivalent
Gjeneral Lejtant Gjeneral Major Gjeneral Brigade Kolonel Nënkolonel Major Kapiten Toger Nëntoger


  Austria
(Edit)
No equivalent                      
General Generalleutnant Generalmajor Brigadier Oberst Oberstleutnant Major Hauptmann Oberleutnant Leutnant Fähnrich


  Belarus
(Edit)
No equivalent
                   
Colonel general
(Генера́л-полко́вник)
Lieutenant general
(Генера́л-лейтена́нт)
Major general
(Генера́л-майо́р)
Colonel
(Полко́вник)
Lieutenant Colonel
(Подполко́вник)
Major
(Майо́р)
Captain
(Капита́н)
Senior Lieutenant
(Ста́рший лейтена́нт)
Lieutenant
(Лейтена́нт)
Junior Lieutenant
(Мла́дший лейтена́нт)


  Belgium
(Edit)
No equivalent                       No equivalent  
General Lieutenant General Major General Brigadier General Colonel Lieutenant Colonel Major Commandant Captain Lieutenant Sub-lieutenant Officer Cadet
Generaal Luitenant-generaal Generaal-majoor Brigadegeneraal Kolonel Luitenant-kolonel Majoor Kapitein-commandant Kapitein Luitenant Onderluitenant Aspirant
Général Lieutenant général Général-major Général de Brigade Colonel Lieutenant-colonel Major Capitaine-commandant Capitaine Lieutenant Sous-lieutenant Aspirant
General Generalleutnant Generalmajor Brigadegeneral Oberst Oberstleutnant Major Stabshauptmann Hauptmann Leutnant Unterleutnant Aspirant


  Bosnia and Herzegovina
(Edit)
No equivalent
                  No equivalent
General pukovnik General major Brigadni general Brigadir Pukovnik Major Kapetan Poručnik Podporučnik


  Bulgaria
(Edit)
No equivalent                     No equivalent
Генерал
General
Генерал-лейтенант
General-leytenant
Генерал-майор
General-mayor
Бригаден генерал
Brigaden general
Полковник
Polkovnik
Подполковник
Podpolkovnik
Майор
Mayor
Капитан
Kapitan
Старши лейтенант
Starshi leytenant
Лейтенант
Leytenant


  Croatia
(Edit)
                      No equivalent
Stožerni general General zbora General pukovnik General bojnik Brigadni general Brigadir Pukovnik Bojnik Satnik Natporučnik Poručnik


  Cyprus
(Edit)
No equivalent
                   
Lieutenant general
Αντιστράτηγος
Major general
Υποστράτηγος
Brigadier
Ταξίαρχος
Colonel
Συνταγματάρχης
Lieutenant colonel
Αντισυνταγματάρχης
Major
Ταγματάρχης
Captain
Λοχαγός
Lieutenant
Υπολοχαγός
Second lieutenant
Ανθυπολοχαγός
Officer cadet
Δόκιμος Έφεδρος Αξιωματικός


  Czech Republic
(Edit)
No equivalent                     No equivalent
Armádní generál Generálporučík Generálmajor Brigádní generál Plukovník Podplukovník Major Kapitán Nadporučík Poručík


  Denmark
(Edit)
No equivalent                       No equivalent
General Generalløjtnant Generalmajor Brigadegeneral Oberst Oberstløjtnant Major Kaptajn Premierløjtnant Løjtnant Sekondløjtnant


  Estonia
(Edit)
No equivalent                       No equivalent
Kindral Kindralleitnant Kindralmajor Brigaadikindral Kolonel Kolonelleitnant Major Kapten Leitnant Nooremleitnant Lipnik
  Finland
(Edit)
No equivalent  
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Kenraali
General
Kenraaliluutnantti
Generallöjtnant
Kenraalimajuri
Generalmajor
Prikaatikenraali
Brigadgeneral
Eversti
Överste
Everstiluutnantti
Överstelöjtnant
Majuri
Major
Kapteeni
Kapten
Yliluutnantti
Premiärlöjtnant
Luutnantti
Löjtnant
Vänrikki
Fänrik
Upseerikokelas
Officersaspirant
Upseerioppilas
Officerselev


  France
(Edit)
                         
Maréchal de France[note 1] Général d'armée Général de corps d'armée Général de division Général de brigade Colonel Lieutenant-Colonel Commandant Capitaine Lieutenant Sous-Lieutenant Aspirant Élève-officier


  Georgia
(Edit)
No equivalent                       No equivalent
General
(გენერალი)
Lieutenant General
(გენერალ ლეიტენანტი)
Major General
(გენერალ მაიორი)
Brigadier General
(ბრიგადის გენერალი)
Colonel
(პოლკოვნიკი)
Lieutenant Colonel
(ლეიტენანტ პოლკოვნიკი)
Major
(მაიორი)
Captain
(კაპიტანი)
Senior Lieutenant
(უფროსი ლეიტენანტი)
Lieutenant
(ლეიტენანტი)
Junior Lieutenant
(უმცროსი ლეიტენანტი)


  Germany
(Edit)
No equivalent                             Enlisted rank plus bottom thin silver
cord indicating cadet's career
General General­leutnant General­major Brigade­general Oberst Oberst­leutnant Major Stabs­haupt­mann Haupt­mann Ober­leut­nant Leut­nant Ober­fähn­rich Fähn­rich Fahnen­junker


  Greece
(Edit)
No equivalent                       No equivalent
General Lieutenant General Major General Brigadier General Colonel Lieutenant Colonel Major Captain First Lieutenant Second Lieutenant Officer Designate
Στρατηγός Αντιστράτηγος Υποστράτηγος Ταξίαρχος Συνταγματάρχης Αντισυνταγματάρχης Ταγματάρχης Λοχαγός Υπολοχαγός Ανθυπολοχαγός Δόκιμος Έφεδρος Αξιωματικός


Equivalent
NATO code
OF-10 OF-9 OF-8 OF-7 OF-6 OF-5 OF-4 OF-3 OF-2 OF-1 OF(D) and student officer
  Hungary
(Edit)
No equivalent                     No equivalent No insignia
Vezérezredes Altábornagy Vezérőrnagy Dandártábornok Ezredes Alezredes Őrnagy Százados Főhadnagy Hadnagy Honvéd­tisztje­lölt


  Iceland
(Edit)
No equivalent
            No equivalent
Ofursti Undirofursti Majór Höfuðsmaður Liðsforingi Undirliðsforingi


  Ireland
(Edit)
No equivalent
                     
Leifteanant-Ghinearál Maor-Ghinearál Briogáidire-Ghinearál Coirnéal Leifteanant-Choirnéal Ceannfort Captaen Leifteanant Dara Leifteanant Dalta Sinsir Dalta Sóisir


  Italy
(Edit)
                        No equivalent  
Generale
(Chief of Defense Staff only)
Generale di Corpo d'Armata con Incarichi Speciali
(Chief of Army General Staff)
Generale di Corpo d'Armata
(Tenente Generale)
Generale di Divisione
(Maggior Generale)
Generale di Brigata
(Brigadier Generale)
Colonnello Tenente Colonnello Maggiore Primo capitano Capitano Tenente Sottotenente Allievo Ufficiale


  Kosovo
(Edit)
No equivalent
                 
Lieutenant General
Gjeneral Lejtnant
Major General
Gjeneral Major
Brigadier General
Gjeneral Brigade
Colonel
Kolonel
Lieutenant Colonel
Nën Kolonel
Major
Major
Captain
Kapiten
First Lieutenant
Toger
Second Lieutenant
Nën Toger


  Latvia
(Edit)
No equivalent
                   
Ģenerāl­leitnants Ģenerāl­majors Brigādes ģenerālis Pulkvedis Pulkvež­leitnants Majors Kapteinis Virs­leitnants Leitnants Kadets


  Liechtenstein No army


  Lithuania
(Edit)
No equivalent
                  No equivalent  
Generolas leitenantas Generolas majoras Brigados generolas Pulkininkas Pulkininkas leitenantas Majoras Kapitonas Vyresnysis leitenantas Leitenantas Kariūnas


  Luxembourg
(Edit)
No equivalent
                No equivalent
Général
(Chef d'État-Major)
Colonel Lieutenant-Colonel Major Capitaine Premier-Lieutenant Lieutenant Aspirant-Officier


  North Macedonia
(Edit)
No equivalent                     Unknown
General
(Генерал)
Lieutenant general
(Генерал потполковник)
Major general
(Генерал мајор)
Brigade general
(Бригаден генерал)
Colonel
(Полковник)
Lieutenant colonel
(Потполковник)
Major
(Мајор)
Captain
(Капетан)
Lieutenant
(Поручник)
Second lieutenant
(Потпоручник)


  Malta
(Edit)
No equivalent
              No equivalent
Brigadier
(Brigadier)
Colonel
(Kurunell)
Lieutenant Colonel
(Logutenent Kurunell)
Major
(Maġġur)
Captain
(Kaptan)
Lieutenant
(Logutenent)
Second Lieutenant
(Sekond Logutenent)


  Moldova
(Edit)
No equivalent
                   
General de Corp de Armată General de Divizie General de Brigadă Colonel Locotenent-Colonel Maior Căpitan Locotenent-Major Locotenent Cursant


  Monaco
(Edit)
No equivalent
             
Colonel Lieutenant Colonel Commandant Capitaine Lieutenant Sous Lieutenant Assistant


  Montenegro
(Edit)
No equivalent                     No equivalent
General Pukovnik General Potpukovnik General Major Brigadir General Pukovnik Potpukovnik Major Kapetan Poručnik Potporučnik


  Netherlands
(Edit)
No equivalent                       Enlisted or NCO rank plus Royal Military Academy
logo indicating cadet's career
Generaal Luitenant-generaal Generaal-majoor Brigadegeneraal Kolonel Luitenant-kolonel Majoor Kapitein/Ritmeester 1e Luitenant 2e Luitenant Vaandrig/Kornet
  Norway
(Edit)
No equivalent                     No equivalent
General Generalløytnant Generalmajor Brigader Oberst Oberstløytnant Major Kaptein/
Rittmester
Løytnant Fenrik


  Poland
(Edit)
                      No equivalent  
Marszałek Polski[note 1] Generał Generał broni Generał dywizji Generał brygady Pułkownik Podpułkownik Major Kapitan Porucznik Podporucznik Podchorąży
Equivalent
NATO code
OF-10 OF-9 OF-8 OF-7 OF-6 OF-5 OF-4 OF-3 OF-2 OF-1 OF(D) and student officer
  Portugal
(Edit)
                         
Marechal
Marshal
[note 1]
General
General
Tenente-general
Lieutenant-general
Major-general
Major-general
Brigadeiro-general
Brigadier-general
Coronel
Colonel
Tenente-coronel
Lieutenant-colonel
Major
Major
Capitão
Captain
Tenente
First Lieutenant
Alferes
Second Lieutenant
Aspirante-a-oficial
Officer candidate
Cadete
Officer cadet


  Romania
(Edit)
                      No equivalent
Mareșal[note 1] General General-locotenent General-maior General de brigadă Colonel Locotenent-colonel Maior Căpitan Locotenent Sublocotenent


  Russia
(Edit)
                         
Márshal Rossíyskoy
Federátsii
Generál Ármii Generál-Polkóvnik Generál-Leytenánt Generál-Mayór Polkóvnik Podpolkóvnik Mayór Kapitán Stárshiy leytenánt Leytenánt Mládshiy leytenánt Kursant


  San Marino
(Edit)
No equivalent
              Unknown
Generale Colonnello Tenente Colonnello Maggiore Capitano Tenente Sottotenente


  Serbia
(Edit)
No equivalent                     Unknown
General
(Генерал)
Lieutenant General
(Генерал-Потпуковник)
Major General
(Генерал-Мајор)
Brigadier General
(Бригадни Генерал)
Colonel
(Пуковник)
Lieutenant Colonel
(Потпуковник)
Major
(Мајор)
Captain
(Капетан)
Lieutenant
(Поручник)
Second Lieutenant
(Потпоручник)


  Slovakia
(Edit)
No equivalent                     No equivalent
Generál Generálporučík[note 2] Generálmajor Brigádny Generál Plukovník Podplukovník Major Kapitán Nadporučík Poručík
  Slovenia
(Edit)
No equivalent                     No equivalent
General polkovnik Generalpodpolkovnik Generalmajor Brigadir General Polkovnik Podpolkovnik Major Stotnik Nadporočnik Poročnik


  Spain
(Edit)
                             
Capitán general[note 3] General de Ejército Teniente general General de división General de brigada Coronel Teniente coronel Comandante Capitán Teniente Alférez Caballero Alférez Cadete Alumno repetidor Alumno 2º Alumno 1º


  Sweden
(Edit)
No equivalent                      
General Generallöjtnant Generalmajor Brigadgeneral Överste Överstelöjtnant Major Kapten Löjtnant Fänrik Kadett


  Switzerland
(Edit)
No equivalent No equivalent
General Korpskommandant Divisionär Brigadier Oberst Oberstleutnant Major Hauptmann Oberleutnant Leutnant
Général Commandant de corps Divisionnaire Brigadier Colonel Lieutenant-colonel Major Capitaine Premier-lieutenant Lieutenant


  Turkey
(Edit)
                          Various
[note 4]
Mareşal[note 1] Genelkurmay
Başkanlığı
[note 5]
Orgeneral Korgeneral Tümgeneral Tuğgeneral Albay Yarbay Binbaşı Yüzbaşı Üsteğmen Teğmen Asteğmen Harbiyeli
  Ukraine
(Edit)
                         
General of the army of Ukraine
(Генерал армії України)
Colonel General
(Генерал-полковник)
Lieutenant General
(Генерал-лейтенант)
Major General
(Генерал-майор)
Brigadier General
(Бригадний генерал)
Colonel
(Полковник)
Lieutenant Colonel
(Підполковник)
Major
(Майор)
Captain
(Капітан)
Senior Lieutenant
(Старший лейтенант)
Lieutenant
(Лейтенант)
Junior Lieutenant
(Хорунжий)
Officer cadet
(курсант)


  United Kingdom
(Edit)
                        No equivalent
Field Marshal[note 6] General Lieutenant-General Major-General Brigadier Colonel Lieutenant-Colonel Major Captain Lieutenant Second Lieutenant Officer Cadet


  Vatican City
(Edit)
No equivalent
        No equivalent
Oberst Oberstleutnant Major Hauptmann


Equivalent
NATO code
OF-10 OF-9 OF-8 OF-7 OF-6 OF-5 OF-4 OF-3 OF-2 OF-1 OF(D) and student officer

Remark:
NATO STANAG 2116 lists Officer Designates (listed here as OF(D)) of some countries alongside OF-1 ranks.

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

  • 1 Title; Honorary or posthumous rank; war time rank; ceremonial rank. For example, in Spain this rank is held solely by H.M. the King of Spain.
  1. ^ a b c d e Title; Honorary or posthumous rank; war time rank; ceremonial rank
  2. ^ The appropriate branch of service badge is pinned just under the top button of the for all ranks excluding full General.
  3. ^ The King only
  4. ^ Student officer insignia designates school grade rather than military seniority.
  5. ^ Chief of the Army General Staff. The background color may be different if he is not from air forces or navy. If he has been promoted to Mareşal on duty, he wears OF-10 insignia only.
  6. ^ Title; Honorary or posthumous rank; war time rank; ceremonial rank

ReferencesEdit