Claudelands is a suburb directly to the east of central Hamilton, New Zealand, across the Waikato River. It is linked to the central city by the Claudelands road bridge and the East Coast Main Trunk Railway bridge.

Claudelands
Claudelands, from Hamilton Central
Claudelands, from Hamilton Central
CountryNew Zealand
Local authorityHamilton, New Zealand
Electoral wardHamilton East
Established1912
Population
 (2013 Census)
 • Total2,421
Fairfield Enderley
Hamilton Central
Claudelands
Hillcrest
Hamilton East

HistoryEdit

Alfred William East, a captain with the 4th Waikato Regiment, was one of the original owners of Claudelands. East Street in the suburb is named for him.[1][2] Francis Richard Claude was an early wealthy settler from South America who bought 400 ha (990 acres)[3] of parcels of mainly swampy land from the original soldier-settlers who were disgruntled with their land allocation. Claude subdivided most of it in 1878. An area of kahikatea forest was then cleared to create the racecourse. It was sold to the South Auckland Racing Club and then the Waikato A&P Association, who had their first show on 27 October 1892. Racing moved to Te Rapa Racecourse in 1925.[3]

The only piece of land in near original state is the 5 ha (12 acres) kahikatea forest, named Claudelands Bush, adjacent to Claudelands show grounds. Originally the ground in this area was swampy but artificial drainage has dried the soil. The roots of the trees are protected by an elevated walkway which is open to the public. The A&P Association gave it to the city council in 1928.[4]

Claudelands is one of the Hamilton's oldest suburbs, with a large number of bay villas and bungalows dating from the late 19th and early 20th centuries. Although later development led to the construction of a large number of two-storey blocks of flats, the unique character of the area was deemed worthy of preservation by the Hamilton City Council. To this end, strict rules governing alteration, demolition and new development were introduced.[5]

Features of ClaudelandsEdit

Claudelands is home to the Claudelands Showgrounds - original site of major agricultural shows and events in Hamilton, and a trotting and dog racing track. Since passing into council ownership, a large part of it (including the race track) has been converted into a large open park. The upgraded Claudelands Arena was opened in 2011. The Claudelands Event Centre hosted a mayoral debate in 2019.[6]

Claudelands is also home of one of Hamilton's oldest and most notable association football clubs, Claudelands Rovers.

Claudelands railway stationEdit

Claudelands had a railway station from 1884 to 1991,[7] named Hamilton East until 1 March 1899[8] and then Kirikiriroa until 1 February 1914,[9] when it was changed after a petition.[10]

The station was between Brooklyn Rd and Claudelands Rd,[11] 1.23 km (0.76 mi) east of the old Hamilton station (1879-1969) and 3.94 km (2.45 mi) west of Ruakura[12] (1/10/1884-1/1/1967).[13]

In 1912 Hamilton Chamber of Commerce applied for a porter to be employed there,[14] which was approved in 1913, when it became a tablet station[15] and the yard was extended,[16] after a lengthy residents' campaign.[17] A goods shed and electric lighting were added in 1927.[18] The station building burnt down on 11 July 1987.[19]

Preceding station Historical railways Following station
Hamilton Central
Line open, station closed
  East Coast Main Trunk
New Zealand Railways Department
  Ruakura
Line open, station closed

DemographicsEdit

According to the 2006 census, Claudelands has a population of 2385.[20] The Index of Socioeconomic Deprivation, ranked 1-10 from lowest to most deprived areas, lists Claudelands at 8/10 (high deprivation).[21]

Year Population Households Average income NZ average Waikato average
2001 2,391 990 $17,900 $18,500 $18,000
2006 2,382 987 $25,600 $24,400 $24,100
2013 2,424 1,038 $27,600 $28,500 $27,900[22]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "East Street". Kete Hamilton. Retrieved 16 December 2016.
  2. ^ "East Street". Hamilton City Libraries. Retrieved 16 December 2016.
  3. ^ a b "Hamilton's Claudelands through the years". Stuff. Retrieved 2 May 2018.
  4. ^ Patrick T. Whaley, Bruce D. Clarkson and Mark C. Smale (1997). "Claudelands Bush: Ecology of an Urban Kahikatea (Dacrycarpus Dacrydioides) Forest Remnant in Hamilton, New Zealand" (PDF).
  5. ^ Taylor, Geoff (10 October 2009). "City plan aims to save old homes". Waikato Times. Fairfax New Zealand. Archived from the original on 12 August 2009. Retrieved 7 September 2010.
  6. ^ Top four emerge from a crowded field during Hamilton mayoral debate
  7. ^ Scoble, Juliet. "Names & Opening & Closing Dates of Railway Stations in New Zealand 1863 to 2010" (PDF). Rail Heritage Trust of New Zealand.
  8. ^ "Page 8 Advertisements Column 6". Auckland Star. 28 February 1899. p. 8. Retrieved 2 May 2018.
  9. ^ "Local and General". Waikato Independent. 1914. p. 4. Retrieved 2 May 2018.
  10. ^ "The Waikato Argus, [published Daily.] a Guaranteed Circulation of Over 8500 Weekly. Saturday, January 2, 1909". 1909. p. 2. Retrieved 2 May 2018.
  11. ^ Aerial photograph taken by Whites Aviation (4 April 1967). "Claudelands, Hamilton". Alexander Turnbull Library, Wellington.
  12. ^ Yonge, John Roger; Company, Quail Map (1993). New Zealand Railway and Tramway Atlas. Quail Map Company. ISBN 9780900609923.
  13. ^ Scoble, Juliet (2010). "Names & Opening & Closing Dates of Railway Stations" (PDF). Rail Heritage Trust of New Zealand.
  14. ^ "Chamber Of Commerce". Waikato Times. 10 December 1912. p. 4. Retrieved 19 March 2016.
  15. ^ "Kirikiriroa Station". New Zealand Herald. 2 August 1913. p. 7. Retrieved 19 March 2016.
  16. ^ "Waikato a. & P. Association". Waikato Argus. 17 July 1913. p. 3. Retrieved 2 May 2018.
  17. ^ "Kirikiriroa Railway Station". Waikato Times. 19 April 1906. p. 3. Retrieved 2 May 2018.
  18. ^ "Claudelands Progress". New Zealand Herald. 25 June 1927. p. 13. Retrieved 2 May 2018.
  19. ^ "Railways". Hamilton. Retrieved 2 May 2018.
  20. ^ "Claudelands Quickstats". Retrieved 1 November 2010.
  21. ^ "Index of Socioeconomic Deprivation for Areas within the Hamilton East Electorate". Parliament New Zealand. Retrieved 1 November 2010.
  22. ^ "2013 Census map – QuickStats about a place". www.stats.govt.nz. Retrieved 19 March 2016.

External linksEdit