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Clarksville is a city in Johnson County, Arkansas, United States. As of the 2010 census the population was 9,178, up from 7,719 in 2000. As of 2018, the estimated population was 9,743. The city is the county seat of Johnson County. It is nestled between the Arkansas River and the foothills of the Ozark Mountains, and Interstate 40 and US Highway 64 intersect within the city limits. Clarksville-Johnson County is widely known for its peaches, scenic byways and abundance of natural outdoor recreational activities.
Old train station in Clarksville
Location of Clarksville in Johnson County, Arkansas
|• Total||19.13 sq mi (49.55 km2)|
|• Land||18.51 sq mi (47.93 km2)|
|• Water||0.62 sq mi (1.61 km2)|
|Elevation||371 ft (113 m)|
| • Estimate |
|• Density||519.70/sq mi (200.66/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC-6 (Central (CST))|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC-5 (CDT)|
|GNIS feature ID||0076626|
The community began as settlers arrived to the Arkansas Territory. After the Osage tribe was relocated by treaty, Cherokee settlers came to Arkansas by 1800 and primarily lived along the Arkansas River. Indian trading factors such as Matthew Lyon established their offices at Spadra, on the west end of Lake Dardanelle on the Arkansas River, a Clarksville location now occupied by Spadra Marina. A historical marker, dedicated in 1984, sits on Spadra Bluff, near the original river town of Spadra. The area was reserved for the Cherokee, so most early settlers of Johnson County did not move into the area until after 1828, the year the Cherokee gave up their land.
Spadra was the first county seat of Johnson County, convenient to steamboat lines. However when stagecoach and train transportation became more common, land routes from Little Rock to Fort Smith were directed along higher elevations through Clarksville. As Clarksville grew, it became the de facto location for the county seat circa 1833, probably due to severe flooding at Spadra. Clarksville was established by survey in November 1836 after Johnson County was formed from part of Pope County. The first court session was held in 1837 in a private building.
By July 1853 the Little Rock and Fort Smith Railroad opted to go through Clarksville instead of Spadra, due to financial incentives provided by the county commissioners based in Clarksville. Almost twenty miles of track toward Spadra were removed during the realignment. Regular rail service began following the Civil War, aiding in Clarksville's growth, while the hamlet of New Spadra began beside the new tracks. Fewer settlers arrived by river transportation so Spadra was less useful, so its major buildings deteriorated or were moved, while Clarksville became the destination of many new settlers arriving by train.
Clarksville is located in south-central Johnson County at  The city is bordered to the south by the Arkansas River, although the city center is 3 miles (5 km) north of the river and west of Spadra Creek.(35.464006, -93.477089).
According to the United States Census Bureau, Clarksville has a total area of 19.2 square miles (49.7 km2), of which 18.5 square miles (47.9 km2) are land and 0.69 square miles (1.8 km2), or 3.66%, are water.
|U.S. Decennial Census|
As of the census of 2000, there were 7,719 people, 2,960 households, and 1,918 families residing in the city. The population density was 429.3 people per square mile (165.8/km²). There were 3,240 housing units at an average density of 180.2 per square mile (69.6/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 87.60% White, 3.46% Black or African American, 0.44% Native American, 0.47% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 6.15% from other races, and 1.85% from two or more races. 15.26% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There were 2,960 households out of which 30.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.0% were married couples living together, 11.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 35.2% were non-families. 30.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.43 and the average family size was 3.01.
In the city, the population was spread out with 23.9% under the age of 18, 12.5% from 18 to 24, 27.3% from 25 to 44, 20.0% from 45 to 64, and 16.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females, there were 92.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.2 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $24,548, and the median income for a family was $30,758. Males had a median income of $22,052 versus $19,764 for females. The per capita income for the city was $16,305. About 16.2% of families and 20.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 24.8% of those under age 18 and 13.4% of those age 65 or over.
The Arkansas Cumberland College opened on 8 September 1891 in Clarksville. The privately founded educational institution was renamed the College of the Ozarks in 1920 and became the University of the Ozarks in 1987. The University of the Ozarks is a private, liberal arts based university affiliated with the Presbyterian Church (USA).
Clarksville Schools is the city's public school district. Its mascot is a panther. The school colors are red and white. The school system is broken up into five different categories: Primary (K-1), Elementary (2nd-4th), Middle (5th & 6th), Junior High (7th-9th), and High School (10th-12th).
In 2011, Clarksville became the first school district in the state of Arkansas to issue every student in the 7th through 12th grades their own take home laptop computer. A video documenting the new measure can be seen here.
The Clarksville School District has a graduation rate of over 92%.
- Clarksville is home to the Johnson County Peach Festival. Starting in 1938. It is a nearly week long event (starts on a Tuesday and ends on Saturday) and attracts visitors from all over the country. Activities and events include Barbershop chorus, gospel music, good ol' home cookin, handmade arts and crafts, street dance, frog jumping contest, terrapin derby, greased pig chase, a 4-mile run, parade, jam and jelly bake-off and of course peach and peach cobbler eating contests. It all concludes with the crowning of Queen Elberta, Miss Arkansas Valley and Miss Teen Arkansas Valley pageants. This year's Peach Festival kicks off June 16.
- The Oark General Store is located 22 miles north of Clarksville in the community of Oark. This is the oldest store in Arkansas that has remained in continuous operation. The building has the original floors, walls, and ceiling and is listed on the "Register of Historical Places in Arkansas". The Cafe features home cooking.
- The Clarksville post office contains a mural, How Happy was the Occasion, painted in 1941 by Mary May Purser. Federally commissioned murals were produced from 1934 to 1943 in the United States through the Section of Painting and Sculpture, later called the Section of Fine Arts, of the Treasury Department.
The following list includes notable people who were born or have lived in Clarkville, in alphabetical order by last name.
- Bill Doolin (1858-1896), Old West outlaw born in Clarksville
- Gordon Houston (1916-1942), born in Clarksville, the first professional baseball player to die during active duty in World War II.
- Chuck Barrett, Voice of the Arkansas Razorbacks
- Ralphie May (1972-2017), comedian raised in Clarksville
- Arch McKennon, Quartermaster of the 16th Arkansas Infantry Regiment, attorney and politician
- Pierce McKennon (1919-1947), World War II flying ace
- Imogene McConnell Ragon (1887-1980), "The Painter of the Ozarks", born and raised in Clarksville, attended the College of the Ozarks and the St. Louis School of Fine Arts
May 25, 2011 TornadoEdit
Clarksville was struck by an EF4 tornado on May 25, 2011. Rogers Avenue sustained damage including signs blown down, many building facades damaged and numerous trees broken in half. Areas along and near East Main Street and Poplar Street sustained heavy structural damage, including several heavily damaged homes and apartment buildings. There were three fatalities in rural Johnson County during this storm, which included two tornadoes.
The climate in this area is characterized by hot, humid summers and generally mild to cool winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Clarksville has a humid subtropical climate, abbreviated "Cfa" on climate maps.
|Climate data for Clarksville, Arkansas|
|Record high °F (°C)||79
|Average high °F (°C)||48
|Average low °F (°C)||25
|Record low °F (°C)||−11
|Average precipitation inches (mm)||2.74
|Source: Weather Channel|
- "2017 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved Aug 22, 2018.
- "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved August 18, 2019.
- "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Census Summary File 1 (G001): Clarksville city, Arkansas". American Factfinder. U.S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved April 18, 2018.
- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on 2011-05-31. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
- The Encyclopedia of Arkansas History and Culture: Clarksville (Johnson County), accessed January 2019.
- The Encyclopedia of Arkansas History and Culture: Spadra (Johnson County), accessed January 2019.
-  Spadra Marina website, accessed January 2019.
- The Encyclopedia of Arkansas History and Culture: Floods, accessed January 2019.
- 1833 Arkansas River Flood Stage at Murray Dam near Little Rock, Magnitude and frequency of floods in Arkansas, by Scott A. Hodge and Gary D. Tasker; prepared in cooperation with the Arkansas State Highway and Transportation Department, 1995; accessed January 2019.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
- "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014". Archived from the original on May 22, 2015. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
- "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- Purser Studio: Biography of Stuart Purser, accessed January 2019
- Living New Deal: Clarksville, Arkansas Post Office Mural, accessed January 2019.
- Arnesen, Eric (2007). Encyclopedia of U.S. Labor and Working-Class History. 1. New York: Routledge. p. 1540. ISBN 9780415968263.
- Additional studies were with Eliot O'Hara in Goose Beach, Maine; Gordon Grant in Gloucester, Massachusetts; Robert Brackman in Nyank, Connecticut; Emil Gruppe and John Chetcutti in Rockport, Massachusetts; John Pike in Woodstock, New York; Pauline Bragen in Los Angeles; and with Jerry Farnsworth, Syd Solomon and Hilton Leach in Sarasota. Additional studies were done in Cloudcroft, New Mexico, Oklahoma City and Tulsa.
- Climate Summary for Clarksville, Arkansas
- "Clarksville, AR Monthly Weather". Weather Channel. Retrieved June 28, 2019.