Clark Atlanta University

Coordinates: 33°45′3″N 84°24′37″W / 33.75083°N 84.41028°W / 33.75083; -84.41028

Clark Atlanta University is a private Methodist historically black university in Atlanta, Georgia. Clark Atlanta University is the first HBCU in the Southern United States. Founded September 19, 1865 as Atlanta University consolidated with Clark College(1869) to form Clark Atlanta University in 1988.

Clark Atlanta University
Motto"I'll Find a Way or Make One" (Atlanta University); "Culture for Service" (Clark College)[1]
TypePrivate, HBCU[2]
EstablishedSeptember 19, 1865
AffiliationUnited Methodist Church
Endowment$69 million[3]
PresidentGeorge T. French, Jr., Ph.D.[4]
Students3,920 (Fall 2019)[5]
Location, ,
United States
CampusUrban, 126 acres (0.5 km2)
NewspaperThe CAU Panther
Colors               Red, Black, Gray [6]
AthleticsNCAA Division II[7]
AffiliationsSouthern Intercollegiate Athletic Conference[7]
MascotBlack Panther


Exactly three months after the end of the Civil War, Atlanta University - now Clark Atlanta University - was founded on September 19, 1865, as the first HBCU in the Southern United States. Atlanta University was the nation's first graduate institution to award degrees to African Americans in the Nation and the first to award bachelor degrees to African Americans in the South; Clark College (1869) was the nation's first four-year liberal arts college to serve African-American students. The two consolidated in 1988 to form Clark Atlanta University.

CAU's history at a glance
1865 Atlanta University founded
1869 Clark University founded
1929 Atlanta University Center established
1940 Clark University renamed Clark College
1988 Atlanta University & Clark College consolidated, renamed Clark Atlanta University.

Atlanta University was founded September 19, 1865[8] by two former slaves James Tate and Grandison Daniels[9] who on August 1, 1867 turned it over to Edmund Asa Ware of the American Missionary Association and he was appointed the first president;[10] [11]and with later assistance from Oliver Otis Howard of the Freedmen's Bureau. Atlanta University - now Clark Atlanta University is the first HBCU in the Southern United States; and the nation's oldest graduate institution serving a predominantly African-American student body. It is the first HBCU to the founded, chartered and to conferee its first bachelors degree in the South. Atlanta University chartered October 17, 1867;[12] offered first instruction at postsecondary level 1869; first graduating class 1873, (normal school for future teachers including women); and awarded its first six bachelor‘s degrees June 1876[13]. One woman earned a bachelors degree from Atlanta University between 1876 and 1895. Seven women received bachelor's degrees from Atlanta University between 1895 - 1900.[14] Atlanta University awarded bachelor's degrees 54 years (1876-1930) before exclusively offering graduate degrees.[15] In 1929–30, it began offering graduate education exclusively in various liberal arts areas, and in the social and natural forensics. It gradually added professional programs in social work, library science, and business administration. At this same time, Atlanta University affiliated with Morehouse College and Spelman College in a university plan known as the Atlanta University Center.

The campus was moved to its present site, and the modern organization of the Atlanta University Center emerged, with Clark College, Morris Brown College, and the Interdenominational Theological Center joining the affiliation later. The story of the Atlanta University over the next twenty years from 1930 includes many significant developments. Graduate Schools of Library Science, Education, and Business Administration were established in 1941, 1944, and 1946, respectively. The Atlanta School of Social Work, long associated with the university, gave up its charter in 1947 to become an integral part of the university. In 1957, the controlling Boards of the six institutions (Atlanta University; Clark, Morehouse, Morris Brown and Spelman Colleges; and Gammon Theological Seminary) ratified new Articles of Affiliation. The new contract created the Atlanta University Center. The influence of Atlanta University has been extended through professional journals and organizations, including Phylon, and through the work of Dr. W. E. B. Du Bois, a member of the center.

Clark CollegeEdit

Clark College, was the nation's first four-year liberal arts college to serve the primarily African-American student population. Founded in 1869 by the Methodist Episcopal Church, which later became the United Methodist Church. Clark University was chartered and incorporated in 1877; offered first instructional at postsecondary level in 1879; awarded first degree (baccalaureate) 1880; became Clark College 1940.[16] It was named for Bishop Davis Wasgatt Clark, who was the first President of the Freedman's Aid Society and became Bishop in 1864. A sparsely furnished room in Clark Chapel, a Methodist Episcopal church in Atlanta's Summerhill section, housed the first Clark College class. In 1871, the school relocated to a new site on the newly purchased Whitehall and McDaniel Street property. In 1877, the School was chartered as Clark University.

An early benefactor, Bishop Gilbert Haven, visualized Clark as the "university" of all the Methodist schools founded for the education of freedmen. After the school had changed locations several times, Bishop Haven, who succeeded Bishop Clark, was instrumental in acquiring 450 acres (1.8 km2) in South Atlanta, where in 1880 the school conferred its first degree. (The university relocated in 1883.) Also in 1883, Clark established a theology department. Named for Dr. Elijah H. Gammon, the Gammon School of Theology in 1888 became an independent theological seminary. It is part of the Interdenominational Theological Center. Clark College merged with Atlanta University July 1, 1988 to form Clark Atlanta University through consolidation.


Bust of W.E.B. DuBois by Ayokunle Odeleye at Clark Atlanta University

Clark Atlanta University's main campus houses 37 buildings (including an art museum) on 126 acres (0.5 km2) and is 1.5 miles (2.4 km) from downtown Atlanta.

Residential facilitiesEdit

  • Pfeiffer Hall
  • Holmes Hall
  • Merner Hall
  • Beckwith Hall
  • Residential Apartments – now called "James P. Brawley Hall" when the original James P. Brawley Hall was demolished in 2007
  • Heritage Commons
  • CAU Suites East / West

All undergraduate students with under 58 credits hours are required to live on campus.[17]


University rankings
U.S. News & World Report[19] 293–381
Washington Monthly[20] 161[18]

Clark Atlanta offers undergraduate and graduate degrees through the following schools:

  • School of Arts & Science
  • School of Business
  • School of Education
  • School of Social Work
  • School of Law partnered with Syracuse University

Clark Atlanta is the most comprehensive institution in the Atlanta University Center offering over 40 degrees at the bachelor's, master's, and doctoral levels.

Oglethorpe Hall

The Isabella T. Jenkins Honors Program is a highly selective academic program established to provide a close-knit and uniquely stimulating community for high-achieving undergraduates at Clark Atlanta University.[21]

Clark Atlanta is annually ranked on the list of The Washington Monthly "Best Colleges and Universities" and consistently ranked a top 20 HBCU by US News & World Report (No. 13).[22]

Clark Atlanta's social work graduate program consistently ranks among the 100 best in the nation by US News & World Report.[23]

Clark Atlanta's Center for Functional Nanoscale Measures (CFNM) has produced more black Ph.D.s in Nanoscale Science than any HBCU in the nation.[24]

Student lifeEdit

Student bodyEdit

Annually between 25-30% of students are Georgia residents, while the remaining come from outside Georgia. Approximately 20% of students are male and 80% are female. In 2018, 89% of students identified as African-American/Black, 7% identified as Other/Unknown, and 4% identified as International.[25]

CAU ExperienceEdit

All new undergraduate students are required to attend "CAU Experience", which is five days of events orchestrated to help them get better acquainted with the legacy, traditions, culture, and community of Clark Atlanta University. The preeminent scheduled event of "CAU Experience" is the formal induction ceremony where new undergraduate students are officially inducted as Clarkites. "CAU Experience" is mostly led by enthusiastic and trained student leaders known as "OGs" which is an abbreviation for Orientation Guides.[26]


Clark Atlanta University, known athletically as the Panthers, competes within the Southern Intercollegiate Athletic Conference (SIAC) of the National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA), Division II. Men's sports include baseball, basketball, cross country, football and track & field; while women's sports include basketball, cross country, softball, tennis, track & field and volleyball.

Marching bandEdit

The university's marching band is known as the Mighty Marching Panther Band. "Essence" is the dance-line featured with the marching band. The band was featured in the 2002 movie Drumline.

National fraternities and sororitiesEdit

All nine of the National Pan-Hellenic Council organizations have chapters established at Clark Atlanta University. Other Greek letter organizations registered on campus include Sigma Alpha Iota, Gamma Sigma Sigma, Kappa Kappa Psi, Phi Mu Alpha Sinfonia, Tau Beta Sigma and Gamma Phi Delta.

National Pan-Hellenic CouncilEdit

Two percent of undergraduate men and three percent of undergraduate women are active in CAU's National Pan-Hellenic Council.[27]

Organization Chapter Founded Status Notes
Alpha Phi Alpha Alpha Phi (ΑΦ) January 28, 1927 Active Five-Time International Chapter of the Year
Alpha Kappa Alpha Alpha Pi (ΑΠ) May 21, 1930 Active First undergraduate chapter chartered in South Atlantic Region
Kappa Alpha Psi Gamma Kappa (ΓΚ) November 23, 1948 Inactive The chapter is under an involuntary "cease and desist" order
Omega Psi Phi Beta Psi (ΒΨ) December 22, 1923 Active First fraternity chartered on the campus of Clark College
Delta Sigma Theta Sigma (Σ) May 6, 1931 Active First and oldest chapter in the South
Phi Beta Sigma Psi (Ψ) December 27, 1935 Active
Zeta Phi Beta Psi (Ψ) January 17, 1931 Active
Sigma Gamma Rho Phi (Φ) 1937 Active
Iota Phi Theta Epsilon Beta (ΕΒ) 2000 Active

Student mediaEdit

The CAU PantherEdit

The CAU Panther is the student newspaper.


CAU-TV is a public access channel licensed by Comcast to the university.


WSTU is the CAU student-run internet radio station.


CAU operates WCLK (91.9 FM), Atlanta’s only jazz radio station and one of the longest running in the world.

Notable alumniEdit

This is a list of notable alumni which includes graduates, non-graduate former students, and current students of Atlanta University, Clark College, Clark University, and/or Clark Atlanta University. It does not include other notable persons who may have attended Clark Atlanta University as cross-registered students (credit as an alumnus is not given to Clark Atlanta University, which has spurred controversy over the school's cross-registration policies).

Name Class year Notability Reference(s)
Ralph Abernathy 1951 Civil rights activist [28]
Marvin S. Arrington, Sr. 1963 Politician and jurist [29]
Clarence Cooper 1964 Federal judge [30]
Brenda S. Banks Archivist, Deputy Director of the Georgia Department of Archives and History and founder of Banks Archives Consultants [31]
Ajamu Baraka Human Rights Activist & 2016 Green Party Vice Presidential Nominee [32]
Bryan Barber 1996 Director of the 2006 film Idlewild [33]
Hamilton Bohannon songwriter and record producer, who was one of the leading figures in 1970s disco music
Joseph Bouie, Jr. member of the Louisiana House of Representatives for District 97 in Orleans Parish since 2014; retired faculty member and administrator at Southern University at New Orleans, received Ph.D. from Clark Atlanta [34]
Aki Collins 1997 Assistant coach with the Marquette Golden Eagles men's basketball team [35]
Kenya Barris 1996 Creator and executive producer of ABC's Black-ish [36]
Marva Collins 1957 Educator; founder and director of the Westside Preparatory School in Chicago, Illinois [1]
Dewey W. Knight, Jr. 1957 first Black department director and the only black Deputy County Manager in Miami-Dade County [1]
Mary Frances Early 1957 First African-American graduate of the University of Georgia and its College of Education was renamed in her honor in 2020 [37][38]
Wayman Carver Composer; first person to use extensive use of the flute in jazz
N'Dea Davenport Lead Singer of The Brand New Heavies [39]
Bryan-Michael Cox Prolific record producer and songwriter [40]
Amanda Davis News anchor at CBS 46 in Atlanta, Georgia [41]
Pearl Cleage Author [42]
Pinky Cole Restaurateur [43]
DJ Drama 2000 Music producer
Henry O. Flipper First black graduate of West Point [44]
C. Hartley Grattan 1923 Economist, historian [45]
Grace Towns Hamilton 1927 First African American woman elected to the Georgia General Assembly [46]
William Leo Hansberry 1921 Noted lecturer and scholar [47]
James A. Hefner 1962 Economist
Fletcher Henderson 1920 Pianist, band leader and composer [48]
New Jack Professional wrestler
Alexander Jefferson 1942 Retired US Air Force Lieutenant Colonel and a member of the Tuskegee Airmen [49]
Robert R. Jennings President of Alabama Agricultural and Mechanical University
Henry C. "Hank" Johnson 1976 U.S. Congressman, Georgia 4th District [50]
James Weldon Johnson 1904 Noted author, educator, lawyer, diplomat, songwriter and civil rights activist. Writer of the poem Lift Ev'ry Voice and Sing, widely known as the "Negro National Anthem". [42]
Otis Johnson 1969 Mayor of Savannah, Georgia [51]
Bomani Jones 2001 Sportswriter, Co-Host of Highly Questionable
Kenny Leon 1978 Tony Award winning Broadway and film director. Former artistic director of Atlanta's Alliance Theatre [42]
Lucy Craft Laney Educator, opened the first school for black children in Augusta, Georgia in the late 19th century
Curtis Johnson 2008 former NFL linebacker
Walt Landers former NFL player
Greg McCrary former NFL tight end
Emmanuel Lewis 1997 Actor
Martha S. Lewis Government official in New York City and state [52]
Evelyn G. Lowery American civil rights activist and leader; marched in the historic Selma to Montgomery March
Mason "Mase" Durrell Bethea Rapper
Mary Jackson McCrorey educator, mission worker [53]
Isaiah DeQuincey Newman state field director, South Carolina NAACP, first African American elected to the South Carolina Senate after Reconstruction
Major Owens Librarian, U.S. Congressman (New York)
Dinah Watts Pace 1883 Educator [54]
Harry Pace 1903 African-American recording pioneer, founder of Black Swan Records, Insurance executive [55]
Duke Pearson Jazz pianist and composer, producer for Blue Note Records
Eva Pigford Model/actress; winner of America's Next Top Model Cycle 3
Rachel E. Pruden-Herndon Municipal court judge and attorney; first African-American woman admitted to the Georgia Bar [56]
Nnegest Likke Movie director and screenwriter
Lamont Robinson 2004 Illinois House 5th district State Representative [57]
Jacque Reid 1995 Journalist
Pernessa C. Seele Immunologist and the CEO and founder of Balm in Gilead, Inc. [58]
Amy Sherald 1997 African-American artist that completed the official portrait of First Lady Michelle Obama [59]
C. Lamont Smith Sports agent, the founder and president of All Pro Sports and Entertainment
Morris Stroud 1969 Former professional football player
Bazoline Estelle Usher 1906, 1937 Educator, Georgia Woman of Achievement [60]
Bobby Wilson 2004 Singer better known by his stage name Bobby V
Phuthuma Nhleko CEO of the MTN Group
Jo Ann Robinson 1948 Civil rights activist
Walshy Fire DJ, producer and member of Major Lazer
Horace T. Ward Judge and first black student to legally challenge segregation in higher education in the Deep South [42]
Walter Francis White 1916 NAACP leader
Hosea Williams Civil rights activist [61]
Madaline A. Williams First black woman elected to the New Jersey state legislature [62]
Louis Tompkins Wright First black surgeon to head the Department of Surgery at Harlem Hospital in New York City [42]
Richard R. Wright 1876 First black Paymaster in the U.S. Army and first president of Savannah State University Valedictorian at Atlanta University's first commencement ceremony in 1876. [63]
Ella Gaines Yates First African-American director of the Atlanta-Fulton Public Library System


Notable facultyEdit

Name Department Notability Reference
Alfred Msezane Physics Professor [64]
Ariel Serena Hedges Bowen Music Professor
Enos Luther Brookes Chemistry Head of Science XDept. [65]
Carlton E. Brown Administration President Clark Atlanta University
Wayman Carver Music Jazz flute and saxophone player, Music Professor (1942-1967) [66]
Donda West English The mother of rapper Kanye West.
W.E.B. Du Bois Sociology Scholar, author, and civil rights activist [67]
Mary Frances Early Music The first African American graduate of the University of Georgia [68]
Robert D. Bullard Sociology Ware Professor of Sociology, Director of the Environmental Justice Resource Center, and regarded by many as the "father of environmental justice." [69]
John Hope (educator) [70]
Virginia Lacy Jones One of the first African-Americans to earn a PhD in the Library Sciences
Whitman Mayo Drama Professor
Ira De Augustine Reid Sociology Professor and Chair of the Sociology Department; founding director of the People's College; editor of the journal Phylon: The Atlanta University Review of Race and Culture
Henry Ossawa Tanner The first African American painter to gain international acclaim. [71]
J. Ernest Wilkins, Jr. Mathematician and nuclear scientist
Whitney M. Young Jr. Dean of Social Work, prior to becoming Executive Director of National Urban League
Shelby F. Lewis Political science twice Interim Dean of the School of Arts and Sciences [72]

See alsoEdit


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  11. ^ Tech, Georgia (2020). "Booker T. Washington High School: Education Flagship for the People".
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  13. ^ Elmore, Charles J. (2005). "Savannah State University - Education & History".
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Further readingEdit

External linksEdit