During 313 BC, in the Mauryan period Kautilya created the treatise called Kautilya Arthashastra. He laid down the qualifications for appointments of civil servants.

During 1000-1600 AD, in the medieval period, Akbar the Great nurtured the civil service. It was during his period there was initiation of land reforms and established the land revenue system which later formed to become the constituent of the Indian taxation system.[1][2]


  1. ^ Singh, Upinder (2008). A History of Ancient and Early Medieval India: From the Stone Age to the 12th Century. Pearson Education India. pp. 322–324. ISBN 978-81-317-1120-0.
  2. ^ Burns, John (2001). Civil service systems in Asia. Edward Elgar Publishing. pp. 119–121. ISBN 1-84064-617-9.