Christopher (Domestic of the Schools)

Christopher (Greek: Χριστόφορος, fl. 870s) was the commander-in-chief (Domestic of the Schools) of the Byzantine army during the 870s, and scored significant victories against the Paulicians.

BiographyEdit

Nothing is known of Christopher's origin, date of birth or death.[1] He is identified in the sources as the gambros of Emperor Basil I the Macedonian (r. 867–886), a word which usually means "son-in-law", but can imply a more general family tie through marriage. Cyril Mango suggested that Christopher married Basil's eldest daughter, Anastasia, but all the emperor's daughters were eventually confined to a convent.[1][2]

In 872 or 878/9,[3] Christopher led an expedition against the Paulicians of Tephrike, comprising the forces of the Charsianon and Armeniakon themes. The campaign culminated in the Battle of Bathys Ryax, which saw a crushing defeat of the Paulicians and the death of their leader, Chrysocheir. This success was followed, wither immediately afterwards or a few years later, by the sack of the Paulician capital, Tephrike, and the extinction of their state.[1][2][4]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c Kazhdan 1991, pp. 441–442.
  2. ^ a b Guilland 1967, p. 438.
  3. ^ The date is disputed, cf. Kiapidou 2003, Note 6.
  4. ^ Kiapidou 2003, Chapter 2 and Chapter 3.

SourcesEdit

  • Guilland, Rodolphe (1967). Recherches sur les Institutions Byzantines, Tome I (in French). Berlin: Akademie-Verlag.
  • Kazhdan, Alexander (1991). "Christopher". In Kazhdan, Alexander (ed.). The Oxford Dictionary of Byzantium. Oxford University Press. pp. 441–442. ISBN 978-0-19-504652-6.
  • Kiapidou, Eirini-Sofia (17 January 2003). "Battle at Bathys Ryax, 872/8". Encyclopedia of the Hellenic World, Asia Minor. Athens: Foundation of the Hellenic World. Archived from the original on 21 July 2011. Retrieved 8 July 2013. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
Unknown
Title last held by
Antigonos
Domestic of the Schools
ca. 872/878
Succeeded by
Andrew the Scythian