Chris Matthews

Christopher John Matthews (born December 17, 1945) is a former American political commentator, retired talk show host, and author. Matthews hosted his weeknight hour-long talk show, Hardball with Chris Matthews, on America's Talking and later on MSNBC, from 1997 until March 2, 2020, when he announced (on what was his final show) that he was retiring due to an accusation that he had made inappropriate comments to a “Hardball” guest four years earlier. On his final show he stated, "The younger generation's out there ready to take the reins. We see them in politics, in media, in fighting for their causes. They're improving the workplace."[1][2][3][4][5]

Chris Matthews
Chris Matthews 2011 Shankbone.JPG
Matthews at the 2011 Time 100 Gala.
Born
Christopher John Matthews

(1945-12-17) December 17, 1945 (age 74)
CitizenshipUnited States
Education
Occupation
  • News anchor
  • political commentator
EmployerNBCUniversal, Comcast
TelevisionHardball with Chris Matthews
Political partyDemocratic
Spouse(s)
Children3
RelativesJim Matthews (brother)

Early life and educationEdit

Matthews was born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, the son of Mary Teresa (née Shields) and Herb Matthews, a court reporter.[6][7] Matthews's father was a Protestant of English and Scotch-Irish ancestry, and his mother was from an Irish Catholic family;[8] Matthews and his siblings were raised in the Catholic faith.[9]

Matthews attended La Salle College High School. Matthews is a 1967 graduate of the College of the Holy Cross in Worcester, Massachusetts, and did graduate work in Economics at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.[10][11] Matthews was also a visiting fellow at Harvard University's Institute of Politics.[12]

Matthews served in the United States Peace Corps in Swaziland from 1968 to 1970[13] as a trade development adviser.

Matthews holds 34 honorary degrees from numerous universities and colleges.

AwardsEdit

Matthews is the recipient of several awards, including The Pennsylvania Society's Gold Medal for Distinguished Achievement in 2005,[14] the Abraham Lincoln Award from the Union League of Philadelphia,[15] the David Brinkley Award for Excellence in Broadcast Journalism, the John F. Kennedy Memorial Award,[16] and the 2016 Tip O'Neill Irish Diaspora Award.[17]

CareerEdit

Political careerEdit

 
Matthews interviewing Rudy Giuliani during the 2008 Republican National Convention

When Matthews first arrived in Washington, D.C., he worked as an officer with the United States Capitol Police.[18] Subsequently, Matthews served on the staffs of four Democratic Members of Congress, including Senators Frank Moss and Edmund Muskie. In 1974, Matthews mounted an unsuccessful campaign for Pennsylvania's 4th congressional district seat in the U.S. House of Representatives in which he received about 24% of the vote in the primary.[19] Matthews was a presidential speechwriter during the Carter Administration, and later worked for six years as Chief of Staff to longtime Speaker of the House of Representatives Tip O'Neill, playing a direct role in many key political battles with the Reagan Administration.

Matthews has said, "I'm more conservative than people think I am.... I voted for George W. in 2000."[20] Salon.com has called him the "most conservative voice" on MSNBC's primetime lineup.[21] Matthews has been accused by Media Matters for America[22] of having panels of guests that skew to the right and of supporting Republicans in his own questions and comments.[23][24]

On the April 14, 2008, edition of The Colbert Report, Matthews alluded to a possible run for the United States Senate from Pennsylvania.[25] On November 28, 2008, Matthews contacted senior staffers of Barack Obama's campaign about a possible Senate run.[26][27] On January 7, 2009, The New York Times reported that Matthews told his staffers that he would not run for the Senate.[28]

Newspaper journalistEdit

 
Matthews signs autographs for fans in 2008

Matthews worked in print media for 15 years, spending 13 years as Washington, D.C. bureau chief for the San Francisco Examiner (1987–2000) and two years as a nationally syndicated columnist for the San Francisco Chronicle. Matthews covered the fall of the Berlin Wall, the first all-races election in South Africa, and the Good Friday Peace Talks in Northern Ireland. In 1997 and 1998, his research in the National Archives produced a series of exclusives on the Nixon presidential tapes. Matthews has covered American presidential election campaigns since 1988.

AuthorEdit

He is the author of eight best-selling books:

  • Bobby Kennedy: A Raging Spirit (2017)
  • Tip and the Gipper: When Politics Worked (2013)
  • Jack Kennedy: Elusive Hero (2011)
  • Life's a Campaign: What Politics Has Taught Me About Friendship, Rivalry, Reputation, and Success (2007)
  • American: Beyond our Grandest Notions (2002)
  • Now, Let Me Tell You What I Really Think (2001)
  • Kennedy & Nixon: The Rivalry that Shaped Postwar America (1996)
  • Hardball: How Politics is Played, Told by One Who Knows the Game (1988)

Elusive Hero spent 12 weeks on The New York Times bestseller list.[29] The book was lauded by critics. "Matthews excels in capturing the tribalism of the Irish Catholic culture and experience Kennedy both absorbed and overcame as he made his way...[and] is at his best in describing political dynamics," The Washington Post said.[30] "Matthews proves a compelling storyteller," said The Boston Globe.[31] "Matthews has produced a valuable addition to the literature about the life and career of our 35th president," said The Christian Science Monitor.[32] "Matthews's stirring biography reveals Kennedy as a 'fighting prince never free from pain, never far from trouble, and never accepting the world he found,'" said Publishers Weekly.[33]

Television talk show hostEdit

In 1997, Matthews began his own weeknight talk show, Hardball with Chris Matthews, which originally aired on America's Talking and then moved to MSNBC. Hardball with Chris Matthews featured pundits and elected officials as guests.

The Chris Matthews Show aired in syndication on weekends from 2002 until 2013. The show was formatted as a political roundtable consisting of four journalists and Matthews, who served as the moderator. He is estimated to earn more than $5 million a year.

In 2004, at the Democratic National Convention, Matthews predicted that he had "just seen the first black president".[34] The Huffington Post reported on Matthews's emotional expressions of support for Barack Obama during the 2008 Presidential election, quoting him as saying: "I have to tell you, you know, it's part of reporting this case, this election, the feeling most people get when they hear Barack Obama's speech. My, I felt this thrill going up my leg. I mean, I don't have that too often."[35]

While discussing proposed healthcare reform on the December 17, 2009, edition of Hardball, Matthews stated, "The Republicans will know they have lost.... Let them keep score and it's easy. It's complicated when liberals get to keep score. We're always arguing. Well, I'm a liberal, too."[36][37]

In March 2012, Matthews described himself as a centrist during an episode of his MSNBC talk show Hardball. That statement was questioned by Mediaite's Josh Feldman directly afterward, based on Matthews's frequent condemnation of right-wing political figures and his emotional expression of support for Barack Obama's presidential campaign. Feldman observed that Matthews has criticized liberals such as Hillary Clinton and occasionally even Barack Obama, and that this could explain Matthews's description of himself as a "centrist".[38]

In 2013, Matthews announced that he had signed a long-term contract extension with MSNBC but that he would no longer host The Chris Matthews Show in order to focus his efforts on Hardball, writing books, and producing documentaries. The final episode of The Chris Matthews Show aired on July 21.[39]

In December 2018, Matthews interviewed U.S. Representative Tulsi Gabbard, who stated she was "seriously considering" running for President.[40][41][42][43]

On February 7, 2020, Matthews followed a Democratic Party presidential candidate debate in New Hampshire as a panel member to discuss what had been broadcast. Afterward, after praising participant Minnesota U.S. Senator Amy Klobuchar before a live MSNBC studio audience, he launched into what Rolling Stone characterized as an on-air "unbelievable post-debate rant" against Vermont U.S. Senator Bernie Sanders. Matthews began speculating that, as a socialist, erratically comparing Sanders to Fidel Castro, Sanders might support public executions in New York's Central Park, and that Matthews himself might be a victim of such supposed executions.[44] MSNBC host Chris Hayes broke in at one point and said that Sanders supported the type of nonviolent, democratic socialism found in Denmark, but Matthews continued to maintain that Sanders might support violent revolution.[44] Matthews was responding to Sanders' answer to a question posed by moderator George Stephanopoulos about how to pay for his "Medicare for All," and if that would bring people together. Sanders answered, "The way you bring people together is to make it clear that we're not going to give tax breaks to billionaires and large corporations. They're going to start paying their fair share of taxes. The way you bring people together is by ending the international disgrace of this country being the only major nation on Earth not to guarantee health care to all people as a human right".[45]

During the opening monologue of his Monday, March 2, 2020 show, Matthews announced his immediately-effective retirement from Hardball.[46] MSNBC had executed a long-term contract with Matthews, in 2013, to retain him with the network at least through the 2016 election,[47] and he was expected to retire after the 2020 election cycle,[48] with an exit after Election Day in November 2020 likely.[49]

Following his resignation, Matthews garnered well-wishes from professional colleagues in the news media and others, including from Congresswoman Tulsi Gabbard, who noted Matthews's willingness to "criticize the neocon pro-war agenda."[50]

ControversiesEdit

Allegations of inappropriate commentsEdit

In December 2017, details surfaced of a 1999 settlement Matthews's employer, CNBC, reached with a female producer of Matthews's program who alleged Matthews made inappropriate comments about her in front of colleagues in the workplace.[51][52][53][54][55]

In February 2020, political journalist Laura Bassett alleged that, prior to appearing on his program in October 2016, to comment on sexual assault allegations against then candidate Donald Trump, Matthews made inappropriate remarks about Bassett's makeup, clothing, and dating life. As she was having her television studio makeup applied, Matthews purportedly asked her: "Why haven't I fallen in love with you yet?" Bassett claims that when she laughed nervously and said nothing, Matthews followed up to the makeup artist with: "Keep putting makeup on her, I'll fall in love with her."[56][2] In 2017, Bassett had previously published a text about the incident, which did not identify Matthews by name.[57]

Nazi metaphorsEdit

After President Trump's inaugural address, Matthews characterized the speech as "Hitlerian," due to Trump's "America First" message.[58]

On February 22, 2020, commenting on the 2020 Nevada Democratic caucuses, Matthews invoked Winston Churchill's feeling of disbelief following the "fall of France" to the Nazis in 1940 as a metaphor for the feeling of disbelief experienced by establishment figures in the Democratic Party to Bernie Sanders's victory in the state.[59] As members of Sanders's family were killed by the Nazis during the Holocaust, his comparison was viewed as insensitive and prompted widespread negative reactions on Twitter calling for him to be removed from MSNBC.[60] With mounting criticism of his Nazi analogy, on his Monday, February 24, 2020 show, Matthews issued an unusual on-air apology to Senator Sanders and his supporters. Senator Sanders did not directly respond to the remarks but instead urged the general public to focus its energies on the emerging coronavirus.[61]

Personal lifeEdit

 
Matthews at Quinnipiac University Commencement 2006

Matthews has been married since 1980 to Kathleen Matthews, who was a news anchor at WJLA-TV, the ABC affiliate in Washington, D.C., before accepting a position as an executive vice president with Marriott International. In 2015, Kathleen Matthews launched an unsuccessful campaign for the Democratic nomination to run for a House seat in Maryland's 8th congressional district, which has been represented by progressive Democrat Rep. Jamie Raskin since 2016. The couple have three children: Michael, Thomas, and Caroline. His brother Jim Matthews, a Republican, is a former county commissioner in Montgomery County, Pennsylvania.

In 2002, Matthews was hospitalized with malaria, which he evidently contracted on one of his visits that year to Africa.[62] He has also had other health problems, including diabetes (which he acknowledged having on the Hardball broadcast of December 7, 2009) and pneumonia.[63]

Matthews is a lifelong Philadelphia Phillies fan.[64]

Matthews was the commencement speaker at Ohio State University on May 4, 2014[65] and Merrimack College on May 15, 2015.[66]

Honorary degreesEdit

Chris Matthews has received over 30 honorary degrees, among which are:

Date School Location Degree
June 14, 2003 Drexel University Pennsylvania Doctorate[67]
2003 College of the Holy Cross Massachusetts Doctorate[68]
2004 Hobart and William Smith Colleges New York Doctorate[69]
May 22, 2005 Quinnipiac University Connecticut Doctor of Humane Letters (DHL)[70]
May 20, 2006 Fordham University New York Doctorate[71][72]
May 10, 2008 Old Dominion University Virginia Doctor of Humane Letters (DHL)[73][74]
May 16, 2008 Washington University in St. Louis Missouri Doctor of Humane Letters (DHL)[75]
2008 Temple University Pennsylvania Doctor of Humane Letters (DHL)[76]
2008 Washington University in St. Louis Missouri Doctor of Humane Letters (DHL)[76]
2009 Saint Joseph's University Pennsylvania Doctor of Communication[77]
2012 Howard University District of Columbia Doctor of Humane Letters (DHL)[78]
May 20, 2013 Suffolk University Massachusetts Doctor of Laws (LL.D.)[79]
May 18, 2014 University of Rochester New York Doctor of Letters (D.Litt.)[80][81]
September 28, 2014 La Salle University Pennsylvania Doctorate[82]
May 15, 2015 Merrimack College Massachusetts Doctorate[83]
June 11, 2015 Peirce College Pennsylvania Doctorate[84]

BibliographyEdit

  • Matthews, Christopher (2017). Bobby Kennedy: A Raging Spirit. New York: Simon & Schuster. p. 416. ISBN 978-1-5011-1186-0.
  • Matthews, Christopher (2013). Tip and the Gipper: When Politics Worked. New York: Simon & Schuster. ISBN 978-1-4516-9599-1.
  • Matthews, Christopher (2011). Jack Kennedy: Elusive Hero. New York: Simon & Schuster. ISBN 978-1-4516-3508-9.
  • Matthews, Christopher (2007). Life's a Campaign: What Politics Has Taught Me About Friendship, Rivalry, Reputation, and Success (1st ed.). New York: Random House. ISBN 978-1-4000-6528-8.
  • Matthews, Christopher (2002). American: Beyond Our Grandest Notions. New York: Free Press. ISBN 0-7432-4086-3.
  • Matthews, Christopher (2001). Now, Let Me Tell You What I Really Think (1st ed.). New York: Free Press. ISBN 0-684-86236-0.
  • Matthews, Christopher (1996). Kennedy & Nixon: The Rivalry that Shaped Postwar America. New York: Simon & Schuster. ISBN 0-684-81030-1.
  • Matthews, Christopher (1988). Hardball: How Politics Is Played, Told By One Who Knows the Game. New York: Summit Books. ISBN 9780671631604.

ReferencesEdit

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External linksEdit