Chonburi (Thai: ชลบุรี, RTGSchonburi,  [tɕ͡ʰōn bū.rīː] (About this soundlisten)) is an eastern province (changwat) of Thailand.[2] Its capital is Chonburi. Neighboring provinces are (from north clockwise) Chachoengsao, Chanthaburi, and Rayong. To the west is the Gulf of Thailand. Chonburi is home to Thailand's largest tourist-oriented city, Pattaya, as well as Thailand's largest and primary seaport, Laem Chabang. The province's population has grown rapidly, with some 1.7 million residents (albeit with a large floating or unregistered population).[3] The registered population as of 31 December 2012 was 1.36 million.[4]

Chonburi

ชลบุรี
Central Pattaya and beach at sunset in 2017.jpg
Phra Chuthathut Palace (I).jpg
Approaching Koh Loi - panoramio.jpg
The Sancturay of Truth, Pattaya, Thailand.JPG
Na Chom Thian, Sattahip District, Chon Buri, Thailand - panoramio (21).jpg
(clockwise from upper-left) View of Pattaya skyline, Koh Loi Shrine, Nong Nooch Garden, Sanctuary of Truth, Phra Chuthathut Palace of Koh Si Chang
Flag of Chonburi
Flag
Official seal of Chonburi
Seal
Map of Thailand, with a small highlighted area near the centre of the country, near the coast of the Gulf of Thailand
Location within Thailand
Coordinates: 13°13′N 101°11′E / 13.217°N 101.183°E / 13.217; 101.183Coordinates: 13°13′N 101°11′E / 13.217°N 101.183°E / 13.217; 101.183
CountryThailand
RegionEastern Thailand
Settledc. 7th century, as Phrarot city
Founded as city1897–1932
Founded as province1933
Governing bodyChonburi Provincial Office
Government
 • TypeProvince
 • GovernorPhakkhrathon Thianchai
(since October 2016)
Area
 • Province4,363 km2 (1,685 sq mi)
Elevation
50 m (160 ft)
Population
 (2017 census)[1]
 • Province1,509,125
 • Rank9th
 • Density350/km2 (900/sq mi)
 • Density rank10th
Time zoneUTC+07:00 (ICT)
Postal code
20###
Area code(s)038
ISO 3166 codeTH-20
Websitewww.chonburi.go.th

Contents

HistoryEdit

Mueang Chonburi has been settled since the Ayutthaya Kingdom. Originally, it consisted of many small towns such as Mueang Bang Sai, Mueang Bang Pla Soi, and Mueang Bang Phra. King Rama V later combined these towns to form Chonburi Province.[5][6]

EtymologyEdit

The word chon originates from the Sanskrit word jala meaning 'water', and the word buri from Sanskrit puri meaning 'town' or 'city'. Hence the name of the province literally means 'city of water'.

GeographyEdit

The province is on the Bay of Bangkok, the northern end of the Gulf of Thailand. The Khao Khiao mountain range stretches from the northwest to the southeast of the province. The plains of the north were long used for farming. Laem Chabang, between Chonburi and Pattaya, is one of the few deep-water harbours of Thailand.

The provincial permanent legal population rose at nearly four percent annually from 1,040,865 in 2000 to 1,554,365 in 2010.[3] There is a large floating population of long-term residents (non-Thai) without permanent status, on perpetual tourist visa and/or migrant workers (legal or not), as well as heavy, short term tourist influxes.

SymbolsEdit

The provincial seal shows the hill Khao Sam Muk, on which there is a sala[disambiguation needed] with a statue of the goddess, Chao Mae Sahm Muk, who, it is believed, protects seafarers and the local population.[7]

The provincial tree and flower is the "New Guinea rosewood" (Pterocarpus indicus, called Mai Pradu in Thai).[citation needed]

The provincial motto is "Beautiful beaches, delicious khao lam, sweet sugar cane, delicate basketry products, and buffalo racing."[citation needed]

Administrative divisionsEdit

Provincial governmentEdit

Chonburi Province consists of 11 districts (amphoes). These are further subdivided into 92 subdistricts (tambons) and 687 villages (mubans).

Map # Name Thai Population (2015) Subdivisions
 
Districts
1 Mueang Chonburi เมืองชลบุรี 322,057 13 tambons — 107 mubans
2 Ban Bueng บ้านบึง 103,904 8 tambons — 52 mubans
3 Nong Yai หนองใหญ่ 23,609 5 tambons — 24 mubans
4 Bang Lamung บางละมุง 293,070 5 tambons — 61 mubans
5 Phan Thong พานทอง 62,593 11 tambons — 76 mubans
6 Phanat Nikhom พนัสนิคม 62,593 20 tambons — 128 mubans
7 Si Racha ศรีราชา 293,229 8 tambons — 72 mubans
8 Ko Sichang เกาะสีชัง 5,038 1 tambon — 7 mubans
9 Sattahip สัตหีบ 159,395 5 tambons — 41 mubans
10 Bo Thong บ่อทอง 49,623 6 tambons — 47 mubans
11 Ko Chan เกาะจันทร์ 37,113 2 tambons — 27 mubans

Local governmentsEdit

# Name Thai Districts (amphoes) Subdistricts (tambons) Population (2015/18)
Special Governed City
1 Pattaya พัทยา Bang Lamung Na Kluea, Nong Prue, Nong Pla Lai, Huai Yai 320,262
City Municipalities
2 Chaophraya Surasak เจ้าพระยาสุรศักดิ์ Si Racha Surasak, Bueng, Nong Kham, Khao Khansong, Bo Win 133,000
3 Laem Chabang แหลมฉบัง Bang Lamung and Si Racha Thung Sukhla, Bueng, Surasak, Nong Kham, Bang Lamung 78,341
Town Municipalities
4 Nong Prue หนองปรือ Bang Lamung Nong Prue 73,024
5 Ban Suan บ้านสวน Mueang Chonburi Ban Suan, Nong Ri, Nong Khang Khok 67,566
6 Saen Suk แสนสุข Mueang Chonburi Saen Suk, Mueang, Huai Kapi 46,217
7 Ang Sila อ่างศิลา Mueang Chonburi Ang Sila, Ban Puek, Samet, Huai Kapi 30,538
8 Chonburi* ชลบุรี Mueang Chonburi Ban Khot, Bang Pla Soi, Makham Yong 27,815
9 Sattahip* สัตหีบ Sattahip Sattahip 22,657
10 Si Racha* ศรีราชา Si Racha Si Racha 21,848
11 Ban Bueng* บ้านบึง Ban Bueng Ban Bueng 20,723
12 Prok Fa ปรกฟ้า Ko Chan Ko Chan 14,254
13 Phanat Nikhom* พนัสนิคม Phanat Nikhom Phanat Nikhom 10,567
Subdistrict Municipalities
Napa นาป่า Mueang Chonburi Napa 38,548
Huai Yai ห้วยใหญ่ Bang Lamung Huai Yai 22,208
Samet เสม็ด Mueang Chonburi Samet 21,383
Huai Kapi ห้วยกะปิ Mueang Chonburi Huai Kapi 14,881
That Thong ธาตุทอง Bo Thong That Thong 13,253
Bang Sai บางทราย Mueang Chonburi Bang Sai 12,269
Don Hua Lo ดอนหัวฬ่อ Mueang Chonburi Don Hua Lo 11,779
Nong Mai Daeng หนองไม้แดง Mueang Chonburi Nong Mai Daeng 10,689
Tha Bun Mi เกาะจันทร์ Ko Chan Tha Bun Mi 6,612
Mueang เหมือง Mueang Chonburi Mueang 6,595
Ko Sichang* เกาะสีชัง Ko Sichang Tha Thewawong 4,838
Ko Chan* เกาะจันทร์ Ko Chan Ko Chan 4,752
Klongtumru คลองตำหรุ Mueang Chonburi Klongtumru 4,332

TransportEdit

AirportsEdit

Chonburi is about 120 kilometres (75 mi) by road from Suvarnabhumi Airport (BKK), the country's largest international airport. By road, it is accessed from Sukhumvit Road and Motorway 7 from Bangkok. Chonburi is also served by scheduled flights via U-Tapao International Airport (UTP) which is 45 minute drive south of the city.

HighwaysEdit

The main road through Chonburi is Thailand Route 3, also known as Sukhumvit Road. To the northeast it connects to Bangkok and to south it connects to Rayong Province, Chanthaburi Province and Trat Province. Route 344 leads east to Klaeng (which is also on Route 3). Route 7 runs parallel to Route 3 but bypasses the densely populated coastal area, connecting to the beach resort city of Pattaya.

RailEdit

State Railway of Thailand, the national passenger rail system, provides service in the province, with the main station being Chon Buri Railway Station.

HealthEdit

Many hospitals exist in Chonburi, both public and private. Chonburi has one university hospital, Burapha University Hospital. Its main hospital operated by the Ministry of Public Health is Chonburi Hospital. Hospitals operated by other organisations such as the Thai Red Cross Society (Queen Savang Vadhana Memorial Hospital), and the Royal Thai Navy (Queen Sirikit Naval Hospital) are also found in the province.

TourismEdit

Some nine million visitors to the province were recorded in 2012, of which 6.1 million were from abroad, most of these being Russian, 2.2 million visitors.[8]

Chonburi Buffalo Race (งานประเพณีวิ่งควาย) In Ban Bueng and Nong Yai Districts. The animals are dressed outrageously or with creatively by owners. Assembled in the courtyard in front of the town hall, the buffaloes partake in racing, or take part in physical fitness and fashion contests. The Chonburi Buffalo Race festival started more than 100 years ago.[9] Usually, the races will be complemented with booths selling locally made items, stage performances, games and beauty contests.[10] The annual Buffalo Race, held around the 11th lunar month, normally in October. It takes seven days and takes place on the field in front of the city and provincial government offices. The highlight of the festival is the buffalo race which is on the last two days. This race is 100 meters–long. The prize for the first nose past the finish line is a trophy and some money.[11]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Population of the Kingdom" (PDF). Department of Provincial Affairs (DOPA) Thailand (in Thai). 2017-12-31. Retrieved 16 December 2018.
  2. ^ "About Chon Buri". Tourism Authority of Thailand (TAT). Retrieved 31 May 2015.
  3. ^ a b http://www.citypopulation.de/php/thailand-admin.php
  4. ^ http://stat.bora.dopa.go.th/stat/y_stat55.html
  5. ^ "History of Chonburi Province". Tourism and Sports, Office Chonburi Province. Retrieved 18 December 2018.
  6. ^ "History of Chonburi Province". Chonburi Provincial Office (in Thai). Retrieved 18 December 2018.
  7. ^ "Chonburi". THAILEX Travel Encyclopedia. Archived from the original on 2015-11-27. Retrieved 31 May 2015.
  8. ^ "Chon Buri sees 9mn visitors in 2012". The Nation. 8 April 2013. Retrieved 2 October 2018.
  9. ^ สำนักงานคณะกรรมการวัฒนธรรมแห่งชาติ, ประเพณีวิ่งควาย (1994). ชีวิตไทยชุดบรรพบุรุษของเรา.กรุงเทพฯ: คุรุสภาลาดพร้าว, 2013
  10. ^ "Chonburi buffalos race Oct. 14-20". Pattaya Mail. 2013-09-06. Retrieved 31 May 2015.[dead link]
  11. ^ "Chonburi Buffalo Racing". Tourism Authority of Thailand (TAT). Retrieved 19 April 2019.

External linksEdit