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Chonburi (Thai: ชลบุรี, RTGS: chonburi, [tɕ͡ʰōn bū.rīː] (listen)) is an eastern province (changwat) of Thailand. Its capital is Chonburi. Neighboring provinces are (from north clockwise) Chachoengsao, Chanthaburi, and Rayong. To the west is the Gulf of Thailand. Chonburi is home to Thailand's largest tourist-oriented city, Pattaya, as well as Thailand's largest and primary seaport, Laem Chabang. The province's population has grown rapidly, with some 1.7 million residents (albeit with a large floating or unregistered population). The registered population as of 31 December 2012 was 1.36 million.
Location within Thailand
|Settled||c. 7th century, as Phrarot city|
|Founded as city||1897–1932|
|Founded as province||1933|
|Governing body||Chonburi Provincial Office|
|• Governor||Phakkhrathon Thianchai|
(since October 2016)
|• Province||4,363 km2 (1,685 sq mi)|
|Elevation||50 m (160 ft)|
|• Density||350/km2 (900/sq mi)|
|• Density rank||10th|
|Time zone||UTC+07:00 (ICT)|
|ISO 3166 code||TH-20|
Mueang Chonburi has been settled since the Ayutthaya Kingdom. Originally, it consisted of many small towns such as Mueang Bang Sai, Mueang Bang Pla Soi, and Mueang Bang Phra. King Rama V later combined these towns to form Chonburi Province.
The word chon originates from the Sanskrit word jala meaning 'water', and the word buri from Sanskrit puri meaning 'town' or 'city'. Hence the name of the province literally means 'city of water'.
The province is on the Bay of Bangkok, the northern end of the Gulf of Thailand. The Khao Khiao mountain range stretches from the northwest to the southeast of the province. The plains of the north were long used for farming. Laem Chabang, between Chonburi and Pattaya, is one of the few deep-water harbours of Thailand.
The provincial permanent legal population rose at nearly four percent annually from 1,040,865 in 2000 to 1,554,365 in 2010. There is a large floating population of long-term residents (non-Thai) without permanent status, on perpetual tourist visa and/or migrant workers (legal or not), as well as heavy, short term tourist influxes.
The provincial seal shows the hill Khao Sam Muk, on which there is a sala[disambiguation needed] with a statue of the goddess, Chao Mae Sahm Muk, who, it is believed, protects seafarers and the local population.
The provincial motto is "Beautiful beaches, delicious khao lam, sweet sugar cane, delicate basketry products, and buffalo racing."
|— Districts —|
|1||Mueang Chonburi||เมืองชลบุรี||322,057||13 tambons — 107 mubans|
|2||Ban Bueng||บ้านบึง||103,904||8 tambons — 52 mubans|
|3||Nong Yai||หนองใหญ่||23,609||5 tambons — 24 mubans|
|4||Bang Lamung||บางละมุง||293,070||5 tambons — 61 mubans|
|5||Phan Thong||พานทอง||62,593||11 tambons — 76 mubans|
|6||Phanat Nikhom||พนัสนิคม||62,593||20 tambons — 128 mubans|
|7||Si Racha||ศรีราชา||293,229||8 tambons — 72 mubans|
|8||Ko Sichang||เกาะสีชัง||5,038||1 tambon — 7 mubans|
|9||Sattahip||สัตหีบ||159,395||5 tambons — 41 mubans|
|10||Bo Thong||บ่อทอง||49,623||6 tambons — 47 mubans|
|11||Ko Chan||เกาะจันทร์||37,113||2 tambons — 27 mubans|
|#||Name||Thai||Districts (amphoes)||Subdistricts (tambons)||Population (2015/18)|
|— Special Governed City —|
|1||Pattaya||พัทยา||Bang Lamung||Na Kluea, Nong Prue, Nong Pla Lai, Huai Yai||320,262|
|— City Municipalities —|
|2||Chaophraya Surasak||เจ้าพระยาสุรศักดิ์||Si Racha||Surasak, Bueng, Nong Kham, Khao Khansong, Bo Win||133,000|
|3||Laem Chabang||แหลมฉบัง||Bang Lamung and Si Racha||Thung Sukhla, Bueng, Surasak, Nong Kham, Bang Lamung||78,341|
|— Town Municipalities —|
|4||Nong Prue||หนองปรือ||Bang Lamung||Nong Prue||73,024|
|5||Ban Suan||บ้านสวน||Mueang Chonburi||Ban Suan, Nong Ri, Nong Khang Khok||67,566|
|6||Saen Suk||แสนสุข||Mueang Chonburi||Saen Suk, Mueang, Huai Kapi||46,217|
|7||Ang Sila||อ่างศิลา||Mueang Chonburi||Ang Sila, Ban Puek, Samet, Huai Kapi||30,538|
|8||Chonburi*||ชลบุรี||Mueang Chonburi||Ban Khot, Bang Pla Soi, Makham Yong||27,815|
|10||Si Racha*||ศรีราชา||Si Racha||Si Racha||21,848|
|11||Ban Bueng*||บ้านบึง||Ban Bueng||Ban Bueng||20,723|
|12||Prok Fa||ปรกฟ้า||Ko Chan||Ko Chan||14,254|
|13||Phanat Nikhom*||พนัสนิคม||Phanat Nikhom||Phanat Nikhom||10,567|
|— Subdistrict Municipalities —|
|Huai Yai||ห้วยใหญ่||Bang Lamung||Huai Yai||22,208|
|Huai Kapi||ห้วยกะปิ||Mueang Chonburi||Huai Kapi||14,881|
|That Thong||ธาตุทอง||Bo Thong||That Thong||13,253|
|Bang Sai||บางทราย||Mueang Chonburi||Bang Sai||12,269|
|Don Hua Lo||ดอนหัวฬ่อ||Mueang Chonburi||Don Hua Lo||11,779|
|Nong Mai Daeng||หนองไม้แดง||Mueang Chonburi||Nong Mai Daeng||10,689|
|Tha Bun Mi||เกาะจันทร์||Ko Chan||Tha Bun Mi||6,612|
|Ko Sichang*||เกาะสีชัง||Ko Sichang||Tha Thewawong||4,838|
|Ko Chan*||เกาะจันทร์||Ko Chan||Ko Chan||4,752|
Chonburi is about 120 kilometres (75 mi) by road from Suvarnabhumi Airport (BKK), the country's largest international airport. By road, it is accessed from Sukhumvit Road and Motorway 7 from Bangkok. Chonburi is also served by scheduled flights via U-Tapao International Airport (UTP) which is 45 minute drive south of the city.
The main road through Chonburi is Thailand Route 3, also known as Sukhumvit Road. To the northeast it connects to Bangkok and to south it connects to Rayong Province, Chanthaburi Province and Trat Province. Route 344 leads east to Klaeng (which is also on Route 3). Route 7 runs parallel to Route 3 but bypasses the densely populated coastal area, connecting to the beach resort city of Pattaya.
Many hospitals exist in Chonburi, both public and private. Chonburi has one university hospital, Burapha University Hospital. Its main hospital operated by the Ministry of Public Health is Chonburi Hospital. Hospitals operated by other organisations such as the Thai Red Cross Society (Queen Savang Vadhana Memorial Hospital), and the Royal Thai Navy (Queen Sirikit Naval Hospital) are also found in the province.
Some nine million visitors to the province were recorded in 2012, of which 6.1 million were from abroad, most of these being Russian, 2.2 million visitors.
Chonburi Buffalo Race (งานประเพณีวิ่งควาย) In Ban Bueng and Nong Yai Districts. The animals are dressed outrageously or with creatively by owners. Assembled in the courtyard in front of the town hall, the buffaloes partake in racing, or take part in physical fitness and fashion contests. The Chonburi Buffalo Race festival started more than 100 years ago. Usually, the races will be complemented with booths selling locally made items, stage performances, games and beauty contests. The annual Buffalo Race, held around the 11th lunar month, normally in October. It takes seven days and takes place on the field in front of the city and provincial government offices. The highlight of the festival is the buffalo race which is on the last two days. This race is 100 meters–long. The prize for the first nose past the finish line is a trophy and some money.
- "Population of the Kingdom" (PDF). Department of Provincial Affairs (DOPA) Thailand (in Thai). 2017-12-31. Retrieved 16 December 2018.
- "About Chon Buri". Tourism Authority of Thailand (TAT). Retrieved 31 May 2015.
- "History of Chonburi Province". Tourism and Sports, Office Chonburi Province. Retrieved 18 December 2018.
- "History of Chonburi Province". Chonburi Provincial Office (in Thai). Retrieved 18 December 2018.
- "Chonburi". THAILEX Travel Encyclopedia. Archived from the original on 2015-11-27. Retrieved 31 May 2015.
- "Chon Buri sees 9mn visitors in 2012". The Nation. 8 April 2013. Retrieved 2 October 2018.
- สำนักงานคณะกรรมการวัฒนธรรมแห่งชาติ, ประเพณีวิ่งควาย (1994). ชีวิตไทยชุดบรรพบุรุษของเรา.กรุงเทพฯ: คุรุสภาลาดพร้าว, 2013
- "Chonburi buffalos race Oct. 14-20". Pattaya Mail. 2013-09-06. Retrieved 31 May 2015.[dead link]
- "Chonburi Buffalo Racing". Tourism Authority of Thailand (TAT). Retrieved 19 April 2019.