Chinese flutes come in various types. They include
- Dizi (and its varieties such as the qudi and bangdi; primary transverse flutes, usually made of bamboo and distinctively has a buzzing membrane)
- Koudi (a small center-blown mouth flute with open-ends)
- Tuliang (a large center-blown flute with open-ends)
- Chi (an ancient center-blown transverse flute with closed ends and front finger holes.)
- Hengxiao (dizi without membrane)
- Xindi (fully chromatic dizi without membrane)
- Jiajian Di (keyed dizi without membrane)
End-Blown Flutes (air split directly on mouthpiece):
- Xiao (end-blown vertical bamboo flute)
- Gudi, an ancient vertical flute made from the bones of large birds
- Paixiao (pan pipes with distinctive notched or curved blowholes to allow for greater expression)
- Xun (clay globular flute)
Fipple Flutes (air split through whistle flue duct):
- Jiexiao "Sister xiao" (one of many forms of recorder-style flutes)
- Dongdi (special recorder-style flute with additional internal reed)
- Paidi (fipple pipes)
- Taodi and Wudu (Chinese ocarina.)
Free-Reed flutes (use free-reed instead of splitting the airway, but otherwise play in a similar capacity to flute in terms of breath support and fingering.):
- Bawu (transverse free-reed flute)
- Hulusi (vertical gourd free-reed flute normally with one or two drone pipes)
- "Chinese flutes". oldflutes.com. Retrieved 15 February 2014.
- "The Dizi". 2measures.com. Archived from the original on 28 November 2016. Retrieved 15 February 2014.
- "Chinese flutes and their music" (PDF). gim.ntu.edu.tw. Archived from the original (PDF) on 22 February 2014. Retrieved 15 February 2014.
- "Xiao - Traditional Chinese vertical end-blown flute". danmoi.com. Archived from the original on 15 February 2014. Retrieved 15 February 2014.
- Ron Korb's Asian Flute Gallery (features descriptions and photos of the dizi, xun, and other Chinese wind instruments
- Chinese flute (dizi) finger chart
- Extensive displays of Hulusi flute and Bawu flute
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