Chimelong Ocean Kingdom

Chimelong Ocean Kingdom is a theme park situated in Hengqin, Zhuhai, People's Republic of China. It is designed by PGAV Destinations.[2] The park broke ground on 28 November 2010[3] and soft-opened on 28 January 2014.[4] The grand opening occurred on 29 March 2014. The first phase of the park cost RMB 10 billion to build.[3] It is part of the Chimelong International Ocean Tourist Resort, which aims to become the "Orlando of China".[2] According to TEA and AECOM, it is the 10th most visited theme park in the world in 2018, with 10.83 million visitors.[1]

Zhuhai Chimelong Ocean Kingdom
珠海长隆海洋王国
ChimelongOceanKingdom.svg
Slogan全球领先的海洋主题乐园
World Leading Ocean Theme Park
LocationChimelong International Ocean Resort, Fuxiang Bay, Hengqin, Zhuhai, People's Republic of China
ThemeMarine
OwnerChimelong Group
Operated byChimelong Group
General ManagerPaul Yuen
Opened29 March 2014
Operating seasonYear round
Visitors per annum10.83 million (2018 operating year)[1]
Area8
Attractions
Total15
Roller coasters3
Water rides2
Websitezh.chimelong.com/oceankingdom/
Chimelong Ocean Kingdom
Simplified Chinese珠海长隆海洋王国
Traditional Chinese珠海長隆海洋王國

Among its attractions are a wide range of amusements rides, animal shows, as well as the world's largest oceanarium with a total of 48.75 million litres (10.72 million UK gal; 12.87 million US gal) of water. The theme park currently has five Guinness World Records under its name.[5]

Rides and showsEdit

RidesEdit

Name Type Manufacturer Area Opened Image
Parrot Coaster Wing Coaster Bolliger & Mabillard Amazing Amazon 2014  
Polar Explorer Water Coaster Mack Rides Polar Horizon 2014  
Walrus Splash SuperSplash Mack Rides Walrus Mountain 2014  
Penguin Coaster Force Coaster Zierer Hero Island 2018
Jungle Coaster Force Coaster Zierer Hero Island 2018

ShowsEdit

Name Type Venue Area Opened Image
Dolphin Show Animal show Dolphin Theater Dolphin Cove 2014
Sea Lion Show Animal show Sea Lion Theater Mount Walrus 2014
Beluga Show Animal show Beluga Theater Polar Horizon 2014  
Ocean Resistance Nighttime Spectacular Hengqin Ocean Hengqin Ocean 2017
Musical Fountain Spectacular Fountain show Hengqin Ocean Hengqin Ocean 2015

Themed areasEdit

There are eight themed areas inside the park, each representing a part of the ocean.

Ocean AvenueEdit

  • The entrance area with shops and an LED digital canopy that showcases the sea

Dolphin CoveEdit

Amusement ridesEdit

  • Battle of the Pirates – spinning tea cups with shooting water jets
  • Dolphin Round Ride – spinner ride
  • 5D Castle Theatre - Opened in 2015. The castle theatre features a 13-minute animated film called "Kaka's Great Adventure". The film is produced by Prana Studios with Kraftwerk Living Technologies (KLT) providing the hardware. The theatre has a 1,500m² curved screen, a world record. The theatre took more than three years to plan and cost some ¥300 million (US$50 million) to build.[6]

Animal exhibitsEdit

Amazing AmazonEdit

Amusement ridesEdit

Animal exhibitsEdit

  • Journey to the Amazon – freshwater aquarium

Ocean BeautyEdit

Amusement ridesEdit

  • Deep Sea Odyssey – submarine ride that goes inside the aquarium

Animal exhibitsEdit

 
Whale shark statue at the aquarium
  • Whale Shark Exhibit Aquarium – the tank itself contains 22.7 million litres (4.99 million UK gal; 5.99 million US gal) of water, making it the largest in the world,[5] and it is home to whale sharks, manta rays, and many other species at the time of its opening.[7]

Polar HorizonEdit

Amusement ridesEdit

  • Polar Explorer – water roller coaster ride

Animal exhibitsEdit

 
Beluga Theatre
  • Beluga Experience and Beluga Theatre – beluga habitat
  • Polar bear Village – Polar bear habitat
  • Penguin World – Penguin habitat

Hero IslandEdit

Amusement ridesEdit

  • Bumper Smash – Bumper cars
  • Games Arcade – game stalls
  • Penguin Coaster
  • Jungle Coaster
  • Tower of Sea Monsters

Animal exhibitsEdit

Mount WalrusEdit

Amusement ridesEdit

Animal exhibitsEdit

Hengqin OceanEdit

  • Shows, parades, and firework shows

EntertainmentsEdit

Journey of Lights - Nighttime parade designed by Miziker Entertainment[8]

Killer Whale Breeding CenterEdit

Opened in March 2017, the facility is home to nine killer whales (5 males and 4 females), 6 currently living at the center and 3 temporarily held at another facility. All the killer whales came from Russia and will live here until their new home opens next year.

Two are named Nukka (F) and Tyson (M). Others' names have not been made official yet.

TransportationEdit

The resort will be served by the Hengqin Chimelong Railway Station of the under construction Zhuhai–Zhuhai Airport intercity railway.

Awards and RecordsEdit

In 2015 Chimelong Ocean Kingdom won the Thea Award for Outstanding Achievement over 169 international candidates, marking the first time the award was given to a Chinese theme park.[9]

The ocean park holds the Guinness world record for being the largest aquarium in the world, it also had the largest aquarium window in the world according to the Guinness World Records, a single acrylic panel measuring 39.6 by 8.3 m (130 by 27 ft).

The Journey of Lights parade won the 2018 Thea Award for outstanding achievement - live show.[10]

CriticismEdit

Samuel Hung Ka-yiu, chairman of the Hong Kong Dolphin Conservation Society, said, "Ocean Kingdom seems to have imported everything. They are doing everything wrong. They are doing everything you don't want them to do".[11] Examples include polar bears confined in small areas demonstrating "repetitive pacing, swaying, head-bobbing or circling"[12] and skin disorders in penguins kept in a sub-tropical environment.

Further criticism arises from a recent trade of orcas between China and Russia.[13] In 2013 Russia captured wild orcas in the Sea of Okhotsk,[14] two of which have been sold to China. "Now, a conservation group monitoring the capture of killer whales says it has discovered that Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (Cites) permits were applied for by Russia and granted for two wild-caught killer whales, also known as orcas, to be exported to China."[11] Ocean Kingdom refuses to comment on whether they plan to display orcas in future but there are currently 50 aquariums in China, none of which have orcas on display.

AttendanceEdit

Year Attendance
2014 5,504,000[15]
2015 7,486,000[16]
2016 8,474,000[17]
2017 9,788,000[18]
2018 10,830,000[1]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c "TEA/AECOM 2018 Global Attractions Attendance Report Report" (PDF). Themed Entertainment Association. 2019. Archived from the original (PDF) on 23 May 2019. Retrieved 24 May 2019.
  2. ^ a b Brady MacDonald (17 July 2013). "Huge Chinese theme-park project aims to be the 'Orlando of China'". Los Angeles Times.
  3. ^ a b "Hengqin ocean resort to open in 2013 29/11/2010". Macau Daily Times. 29 November 2010. Archived from the original on 2 December 2010.
  4. ^ "Hengqin: Chimelong Ocean Kingdom to open before CNY". Macau Daily Times. 13 January 2014. Archived from the original on 16 January 2014.
  5. ^ a b "China's Hengqin Ocean Kingdom confirmed as world's largest aquarium as attraction sets five world records". Guinness World Records. 31 March 2014. Retrieved 9 November 2017.
  6. ^ Michael Switow (June 2015). "Chimelong Ocean Kingdom - June 2015". IAAPA. Archived from the original on 5 March 2016. Retrieved 4 January 2016.
  7. ^ "Largest Aquarium Window". Guinness World Records. Archived from the original on 31 March 2014. Retrieved 31 March 2014.
  8. ^ Kleiman, Joe (11 November 2016). "Miziker Entertainment Brings Decades of Nighttime Parade Expertise to Chimelong Ocean Kingdom's Journey of Lights". InPark Magazine.
  9. ^ "Chimelong Ocean Kingdom wins 2014 Thea Award". Hengqin.gov.cn. Retrieved 5 August 2015.[permanent dead link]
  10. ^ "Thea Awards 2018". Themed Entertainment Association.
  11. ^ a b Simon Parry. "Could Zhuhai's new Ocean Kingdom create a market for imported killer whales?". Post Magazine. Retrieved 11 February 2014.
  12. ^ "Zoochosis: Abnormal and Stereotypic Behaviour in Captive Animals". Born Free Foundation.
  13. ^ "Ocean Kingdom in China Could Become World Leader in Importing Killer Whales". Coaster-net. 5 March 2014. Archived from the original on 11 March 2014. Retrieved 11 March 2014.
  14. ^ "Message board". Russian Orcas Homepage. 13 October 2013.
  15. ^ "TEA/AECOM 2014 Global Attractions Attendance Report Report" (PDF). Themed Entertainment Association. 2015. Retrieved June 4, 2015.[dead link]
  16. ^ "TEA/AECOM 2015 Global Attractions Attendance Report Report" (PDF). Themed Entertainment Association. 2016. Retrieved 3 June 2016.
  17. ^ "TEA/AECOM 2016 Theme Index and Museum Index: The Global Attractions Attendance Report" (PDF). TEA (Themed Entertainment Association). 2017.
  18. ^ "TEA/AECOM 2017 Theme Index and Museum Index: The Global Attractions Attendance Report" (PDF). TEA (Themed Entertainment Association). 2018. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2 June 2017.

External linksEdit