Chelmsford railway station
Chelmsford railway station is on the Great Eastern Main Line in the East of England, serving the city of Chelmsford, Essex. It is 29 miles 60 chains (47.9 km) down the line from London Liverpool Street and is situated between Ingatestone to the west and Hatfield Peverel and to the east. Its three-letter station code is CHM.
Chelmsford railway station, including its disused signal box above the platform canopy
|Location||Chelmsford, City of Chelmsford|
|Managed by||Greater Anglia|
|Classification||DfT category C1|
The station is currently operated by Greater Anglia, who also operate all trains serving it, as part of the East Anglia franchise. Westbound trains terminate at Liverpool Street and eastbound trains run to a number of destinations including Braintree, Clacton-on-Sea, Colchester Town, Ipswich and Norwich.
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When the Eastern Counties Railway (ECR) opened the line between Brentwood and Colchester in 1843, the geography of Chelmsford meant that an 18-arch viaduct had to be built across what is now the city's Central Park. The first Chelmsford station was built slightly to the north of its current site. A three-storey building on today's site was constructed in 1885 by the Great Eastern Railway (GER), into which the ECR had been merged. The present station building dates from a rebuild in 1985 and a further rebuild, completed in 2016, which saw the main concourse and ticket office rebuilt and a new staircase added to serve the London-bound platform, to replace the original flying staircases installed as part of the 1985 rebuild. Since the railway is elevated on a viaduct, the platforms are above street-level.
On 2 March 1907, there was a collision between an up passenger express and a wagon left on the running line during shunting operations. There were no injuries and although the wagon was destroyed the locomotive stayed on the tracks, suffering minor damage.
In 1923, the London and North Eastern Railway took over operation of Chelmsford station.
There were originally three lines through the station: two platform lines and an avoiding line between them. An unusual signal box (being some five storeys high at the rear) on the London-bound platform controlled the station including, at the eastern end, a set of sidings that served the goods yard and Hoffman ball bearing factory. The signal box ceased to be used in 1994, but the structure has remained in situ since. The avoiding line has been removed and the sidings were reduced to serve only a mail sorting office and building materials yard. The mail platform has been out of use for many years but the sidings saw some intermittent use until 2014, when they were closed for relaying. Lines to the north of the station are used by limited early-morning services that start from Chelmsford running to London and limited late-evening trains from London that terminate at Chelmsford.
The station was extensively refurbished between 2014 and 2016 and included a new larger ticket hall, a new ticket office, new ticket barriers, modernised seating and two waiting rooms. The forecourt was also repaved and new bus shelters were added with real-time information boards.
The typical Monday-Saturday off-peak service consists of:
- 5 trains per hour (tph) to London Liverpool Street
- 1 tph to Braintree
- 1 tph to Clacton-on-Sea
- 1 tph to Colchester Town
- 1 tph to Norwich
- 1 tph to Ipswich
The Sunday service consists of :
- Annual estimated intercity rail passenger usage based on sales of tickets in stated financial year(s) which end or originate at this station from Office of Rail and Road statistics. Methodology may vary year on year.
- Yonge, John (September 2006) . Jacobs, Gerald (ed.). Railway Track Diagrams 2: Eastern (3rd ed.). Bradford on Avon: Trackmaps. map 5C. ISBN 0-9549866-2-8.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
- C. J. Wignall 'British Railways Maps & Gazetteer 1825-1985', 1985
- Ashton, Geoff (July 2015). "Collision at Chelmsford". Great Eastern Journal. Vol. 163. Great Eastern Railway Society. pp. 38–47.
- Table 11 National Rail timetable, May 2016
- Table 11 National Rail timetable, May2016
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|Preceding station||National Rail||Following station|
Great Eastern Main Line