Charles Joseph Krebs FRSC FAA FRZS (born 17 September 1936) is a professor emeritus of population ecology in the University of British Columbia Department of Zoology. He is also Thinker-in-residence at the Institute for Applied Ecology at the University of Canberra, Australia. He is renowned for his work on the fence effect, as well as his widely used ecology textbook Ecology: The Experimental Analysis of Distribution and Abundance.
Charles Joseph Krebs
17 September 1936
|Residence||Mayne Island, British Columbia|
|Known for||Ecology: The Experimental Analysis of Distribution and Abundance|
|Thesis||The lemming cycle at Baker Lake, N.W.T., during 1959-61 (1962)|
|Doctoral advisor||Dennis Chitty|
|Other academic advisors||Ian McTaggart-Cowan|
Krebs was interested mostly in smaller mammal ecology and in 1965 conducted an experiment on voles. He fenced in an area of grassland in an Indiana pasture about the size of a soccer field and observed what happened to the population of voles living inside the fenced area. This was when he founded the widely known "Fence Effect". Within a year of living in the fenced area the voles had increased by about five times, which is much more than they would in an unfenced area. He then observed that the population experienced a crash, just like the unfenced populations do. Krebs believed this was due to social behaviour among the voles and could be applied to other animals like them. The voles had no place to migrate therefore the final crash seemed to stem from an increase of competition, aggressive behaviour, and decreased resources.
Krebs also worked in British Columbia and Northern Canada for over 40 years to look at cyclic populations of mammals. during this time he was able to transform the field of ecology from a descriptive science to an experimental discipline. For 20 years he studied the 10-year population cycle of snowshoe hares and their predators in the Yukon. He found that the population size of the snowshoe hares is regulated by predators such as the lynx, coyote, great horned owls and goshawks. 90% of their deaths were found to be due to these predators and almost none because of starvation and disease.
Select awards and recognitionEdit
- Fellow of the Royal Society of Canada, 1979
- Killam Senior Fellowship, 1985
- President's Medal, University of Helsinki, 1986
- Honorary doctorate, University of Lund, 1988
- Sir Frederick McMaster Senior Fellowship, CSIRO, Australia, 1992
- C. Hart Merriam Award, American Society of Mammalogists, 1994
- Fry Medal, Canadian Society of Zoologists, 1996
- Northern Science Award, Indian and Northern Affairs Canada, 2002
- Corresponding Member, Australian Academy of Science, 2002
- Eminent Ecologist Award, Ecological Society of America, 2002
- Fellow of the Royal Zoological Society of New South Wales 2013
- GCS Research Society. 2015. Science.ca. http://www.science.ca/scientists/scientistprofile.php?pID=11
- 1. Ecological Society of America. 2002. Eminent Ecologist Award. http://www.esa.org/history/Awards/bulletin/eminent2002.pdf
- "Royal Zoological Society of New South Wales". Royal Zoological Society of New South Wales. Retrieved 15 March 2017.