Charles C. Dodge

Charles Cleveland Dodge (September 16, 1841 – November 4, 1910) was a brigadier general in the American Civil War and one of the youngest in history, receiving his commission at the age of twenty-one. He was the son of Congressman William Earle Dodge.

Charles Dodge
Gen Charles C. Dodge.jpg
Brig. Gen. Charles C. Dodge
Born(1841-09-16)September 16, 1841
Plainfield, New Jersey
DiedNovember 4, 1910(1910-11-04) (aged 69)
New York City
Place of burial
AllegianceUnited States
Union
Service/branchUnited States Army
Union Army
Years of service1861–1863
RankUnion Army brigadier general rank insignia.svg Brigadier General
Commands held1st New York Mounted Rifle Regiment
Battles/warsAmerican Civil War
Other workBusinessman
For other people of the same name, see Charles Dodge (disambiguation).

American Civil War serviceEdit

 
Recruiting poster for the 1st Battalion New York Mounted Rifles

Dodge was commissioned as a captain in the 1st New York Mounted Rifles, also known as 7th New York Volunteer Cavalry in December 1861, and was soon promoted to major. He commanded this cavalry detachment during Maj. Gen. John E. Wool's Norfolk expedition, Prior to this Major Dodge and the Mounted Rifles participated in the clash of ironclads, firing from shore at the CSS Virginia during said Naval engagement.

After the successful seizure, of Norfolk & Gosport Naval Yard, Major Dodge was dispatched to Suffolk on May 12, 1862. This move was to choke off Rebel port and secure roads around the Dismal Swamp. This cut off supplies coming up from Carolina Sounds. Suffolk had been abandoned by rebel forces who withdrew to the Blackwater River. Major Dodge held Suffolk until General Peck was placed in charge and turned Suffolk into a fortress city with 15 miles of defensive works.

Dodge was promoted to the rank of colonel on August 14, 1862, and then to brigadier general on November 29, 1862, an advancement that was lobbied for by a number of prominent New Yorkers, including Theodore Roosevelt, Sr.[1] He commanded successful engagements during the Suffolk Campaign and at Hertford, North Carolina. The mounted Rifles under Dodge served as the eyes and ears for General Peck in numerous sorties. Cavalry men under Dodge were the first to detect the movement of Longstreet that led to the siege of Suffolk by Rebel Forces.

He had performed commendably, but there was obviously difficulties between Dodge and his superior Major General John J. Peck, and his Corps commander Major General John A. Dix, who expressed preference for an older officer to lead the cavalry division. In a letter to Edwin M. Stanton, Secretary of War, dated 28 March 1863, John A. Dix wrote:

There is another subject I would like to mention. Col. Dodge of the New York Mounted Rifles has been made Brigadier General. This regiment has given me great trouble. It is known as “Dodge’s Rifles”. They have plundered in all direction, and since the first of October thirty-five have deserted to the enemy, from ten different companies, most of them from outposts, carrying away their horses, arms and equipment; a thing unprecedented in any Regiment in the service. General Peck refused to recommend his promotion, and I felt it my duty to censure him in General Orders. General Peck does not want him, nor do I. His influence with his regiment is not salutary. Besides, he will be chief of Cavalry, which would otherwise be commanded by General Spear, a most gallant, experienced and efficient officer. I beg of you to put General Dodge on duty elsewhere. He is very young, and should be under an experienced officer if he to be continued in the Cavalry service.[2]

There were no other cavalry officers available with an earlier date of rank, and Dodge refused to be subordinated to someone who was junior to him in seniority. He resigned in June 1863 in protest, and briefly returned to service with the militia to suppress the New York City draft riots. On the third day of rioting Dodge led the 8th New York National Guard supported by Colonel Thaddeus P. Mott's 14th New York Cavalry and John H. Howell's artillery battery to Eighth Avenue and 32nd Street. At the lynching of 3 African-Americans a group of rioters had assembled which possibly numbered 5,000. The crowd retreated from the infantry and cavalry column but struck back with bricks, bats and stones. Howell's artillery was then ordered to open fire which dispersed the rioters.[3] The next day Dodge moved with troops to 22nd Street and engaged rioters near Gramercy Park.[4]

Postbellum serviceEdit

He then went into business, and was a partner in Phelps Dodge Co., and President of the New York and Boston Cape Cod Canal Co., which was eventually purchased and completed by the Federal Government in 1914.

He died in New York City in 1910 of pneumonia.[5] He was buried in Woodlawn Cemetery (Bronx, New York).[6]

FamilyEdit

Dodge Family[7]
David Low Dodge
(1774–18852)
Married
1798
Sarah Cleveland
(1780–18862)
Anson Green Phelps
(1781–18853)
Married
1806
Olivia Egleston
(1784–18859)
William Earl Dodge
(1805–18883)
Married
1828
Melissa Phelps
(1809–1903)
William E. Dodge Jr.
(1832–1903)
m.1854
Sarah Hoadley
(1832–1909)
Anson Greene Phelps Dodge
(1834–1918)
m(1).1859
Rebecca Grew
(1836–1927)
m(2).1886
Rachel Rose Voorhees
(1852–1910)
David Stuart Dodge
(1836–1921)
m(1).1860
Ellen Ada Phelps
(1838–18880)
m(2).1885
Elizabeth Scott Boyd
(1846–18888)
Charles Cleveland Dodge
(1841–1910)
m.1863
Maria Theresa
Bradhurst Schieffelin
(1840–1910)
Norman White Dodge
(1846–1907)
m(1).1869
Grace Gillette
(1848–18870)
m(2).1880
Emma Hartley
(1849–18881)
m(3).1897
Grace Vernon
(1870–1953)
George Eglestone
Dodge
(1849–1904)
m.1874
May Cossitt
(1853–1911)
Arthur Murray Dodge
(1852–18896)
m.1875
Josephine Jewell
(1855–1928)
Charles Stuart Dodge
(1864–1948)
m.1887
Flora Bigelow
(1868–1964)
Lucie Bigelow (Dodge) Rosen
(1890–1968)
John Bigelow Dodge
(1894–1960)

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Gerleman, David J. “A Roosevelt, A Dodge, and A. Lincoln," Lincoln Editor: The Quarterly Newsletter of the Papers of Abraham Lincoln, XIV, 2 (April–June 2014).
  2. ^ Lowitt, Richard (1954). A Merchant Prince of the Nineteenth Century - William E Dodge. Columbia University Press. pp. 218–219 From Edwin M Stanton Papers, Library of Congress.
  3. ^ Headley p.231
  4. ^ Headly p.334
  5. ^ "Gen. Charles C. Dodge is Dead" (PDF). The New York Times. November 5, 1910. Retrieved 2011-03-15.
  6. ^ Medical Histories of Union Generals
  7. ^ Dodge, Phyllis (1987). Tales of the Phelps-Dodge Family. New York Historical Society. p. Inside front cover.
  • Headley, J.T. The Great Riots of New York, 1712 to 1873: Including a Full and Complete Account of the Four Days' Draft Riot of 1863. New York: E.B. Treat & Co., 1873. Archive.org

External linksEdit