Champaran is a historic region which now forms the East Champaran district, and the West Champaran district in Bihar, India. Champaran is part of the cultural Mithila region.

Champaran
Region
Champaran is located in India
Champaran
Champaran
Location in Bihar, India
Champaran is located in Bihar
Champaran
Champaran
Champaran (Bihar)
Coordinates: 26°50′37″N 84°40′57″E / 26.8437°N 84.6826°E / 26.8437; 84.6826Coordinates: 26°50′37″N 84°40′57″E / 26.8437°N 84.6826°E / 26.8437; 84.6826
Country India
StateBihar
Languages
 • MainBhojpuri, Maithili, Hindi, Urdu
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)

BoundariesEdit

Champaran District was created in 1866. On 2 November 1972 it was split into two districts: Paschim Champaran and Purbi Champaran. The headquarters of Paschim Champaran district is at Bettiah. The headquarters of Purbi Champaran district is at Motihari. Purbi Champaran consists of six subdivisions and twenty seven blocks.[citation needed]

NameEdit

The name Champaran derives from Champa-aranya or Champkatanys. Champa or champaka means magnolia and aranya means forest. Hence, Champaranya means forest of magnolia trees. It is believed that the forest was named while its western portion was inhabited by solitary ascetics.[citation needed]

Notable peopleEdit

ReferencesEdit

Further readingEdit

  • "Champaran Gramodyog Sansthan".
  • Singh, Shankar Dayal. Gandhi's first step: Champaran movement, by B.R. Pub. Corp., 1994. ISBN 81-7018-834-2.
  • Chakrabarti D.K. (1996b). From Purnea to Champaran: The distribution of sites in the north Bihar plains. South Asian Studies, 12:pp. 147–158