Cham (German pronunciation: [ˈkaːm] (About this soundlisten)) is the capital of the district of Cham in the Upper Palatinate in Bavaria in Germany.

Cham
Church in Cham
Church in Cham
Coat of arms of Cham
Coat of arms
Location of Cham within Cham district
Cham in CHA.svg
Cham is located in Germany
Cham
Cham
Cham is located in Bavaria
Cham
Cham
Coordinates: 49°13′N 12°39′E / 49.217°N 12.650°E / 49.217; 12.650Coordinates: 49°13′N 12°39′E / 49.217°N 12.650°E / 49.217; 12.650
CountryGermany
StateBavaria
Admin. regionOberpfalz
DistrictCham
Subdivisions53 Stadtteile
Government
 • MayorKarin Bucher (FWG)
Area
 • Total80.67 km2 (31.15 sq mi)
Elevation
370 m (1,210 ft)
Population
 (2018-12-31)[1]
 • Total16,907
 • Density210/km2 (540/sq mi)
Time zoneCET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes
93413
Dialling codes0 99 71
Vehicle registrationCHA
Websitewww.cham.de

Contents

LocationEdit

Cham lies within the Cham-Furth lowland, which is bordered on the south by the Bavarian Forest and on the north by the Oberpfälzer Wald. The city lies on the Regen River, which joins the Danube at Regensburg.

EtymologyEdit

The name "Cham" is of Celtic origin and probably means "bend" or "curvature". In fact, a few kilometers from the city, a winding brook called the Chamb flows into the Regen; it probably gave its name to Cham, the first settlement at the bend of the larger river. Alternatively, the name may have derived from Kamm (comb). The city's coat of arms contains a comb. A partner city, also called "Cham" in Switzerland, is actually pronounced with an initial "ch" sound (Ach-Laut), whereas Bavarian Cham is pronounced with a /k/.

HistoryEdit

Monks from Regensburg founded the Marienmünster, the first and oldest church in the Bavarian forest, at Chammünster in the 8th century. The first reference to Cham as a city appears in 976. An imperial castle stood on the Galgenberg (German: "gallows hill"), providing protection for the trade route into Bohemia. Cham was granted its own currency around 1000, the so-called Cham Denar. The 12th century saw the town's location shifted to its current place. The Hussite Wars of the 15th century inflicted great hardships on the townspeople. In 1742, the Pandur troops of Franz Freiherr von der Trenck overran and destroyed the city.

Cham's first railway connection came in 1861. On April 18, 1945, a British air raid on the western part of Cham caused 63 deaths. The arrival of numerous German war refugees from Silesia and the Sudetenland swelled Cham's population from 5,860 to over 10,000.

Cham is referred to in relation to the death of the father of the French resistance fighter Jeanette Guyot, Jean-Marie Guyot. He was also a member of the resistance, arrested early 1944 and transported to Cham where he died. [1][2]

International relationsEdit

Cham, Germany is twinned with:

Notable peopleEdit

 
Nicolas Luckner

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Fortschreibung des Bevölkerungsstandes". Bayerisches Landesamt für Statistik und Datenverarbeitung (in German). July 2019.