Central Sudanic languages
Central Sudanic is a family of about sixty languages that have been included in the proposed Nilo-Saharan language family. Central Sudanic languages are spoken in the Central African Republic, Chad, South Sudan, Uganda, Congo (DRC) and Cameroon. They include the pygmy languages Efé and Asoa.
|CAR, Chad, South Sudan, Uganda, Congo (DRC), Cameroon|
Central Sudanic languages in Africa
Half a dozen groups of Central Sudanic languages are generally accepted as valid. They are customarily divided into East and West branches.
Starostin (2016) finds support for Eastern Central Sudanic (Lendu, Mangbetu, Lugbara, etc., concentrated in the northeast corner of DR Congo) but not for the western division, which would include Bongo–Bagirmi and Kresh scattered across Chad, the CAR, and South Sudan.
Starostin (2011) notes that the poorly attested language Mimi of Decorse is suggestive of Central Sudanic, though he provisionally treats it as an isolate. Boyeldieu (2010) states that the inclusion of Kresh has yet to be demonstrated, but Starostin (2016) finds good support, with Birri being its closest relative.
Bender (1992) classifies the Central Sudanic languages as follows, with Central Sudanic bifurcating into a Peripheral branch and a Central branch.
- Central Sudanic
- Barma (Bagirmi)
- Sara-Ngambay, Sara Kaba
- Shemya (Sinyar)
- Fer (Kara)
- Modo, Jur Beli
- List of Proto-Central Sudanic reconstructions (Wiktionary)
- Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Central Sudanic". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
- George Starostin (2016) The Nilo-Saharan hypothesis tested through lexicostatistics: current state of affairs
- Bender, Lionel M. 1992. "Central Sudanic segmental and lexical reconstruction." Afrikanistische Arbeitspapiere 29: 5-61.
- Blench, Roger. 2011. "Can Sino-Tibetan and Austroasiatic help us understand the evolution of Niger-Congo noun classes?", CALL 41, Leiden.
- Blench, Roger. Central Sudanic overview.
- Blench, Roger. 2018. Core and peripheral noun morphology in Central Sudanic languages. Proceedings of the 13th Nilo-Saharan Conference University of Addis Ababa, 6th May, 2017
- Starostin, George. On Mimi, Journal of Language Relationship, v. 6, 2011, pp. 115–140.