The Casablanca Tramway (French: Tramway de Casablanca, Arabic: ترامواي الدار البيضاء Tramwāy al-Dār al-Baiḍā’) is a low-floor tram system in Casablanca, Morocco. It is the second tram system in Morocco, after the Rabat-Salé tramway, but is longer and has more stations. As of 2017, it consists of one 31 kilometre Y-shaped line with 48 stops, connecting Sidi Moumen in the east with Ain Diab and the Facultés district in the west. A 22 kilometre extension is scheduled to open in 2018 with more lines planned.
|Native name||Tramway de Casablanca|
|Daily ridership||120,000 (2017)|
|Opened||13 December 2012|
|Operator(s)||Casa Tram (RATP Group)|
|Rolling stock||74 Alstom Citadis 302|
|Line length||47.5 km (29.5 mi)|
|Track gauge||1,435 mm (4 ft 8 1⁄2 in) standard gauge|
|Operating speed||19 km/h (12 mph)|
Project management on the first line was provided by Casablanca Transports en Site Aménagé ("Casa Transports"), a limited company created for the purpose in March 2009. Stakeholders were the Ministry of Finance & the Interior, local government (the Grand Casablanca regional government, the Casablanca préfecture and Casablanca urban commune), and several institutional investors (King Hassan II, CDG Capital, Banque Populaire du Maroc, and ONCF. Casa Transports awarded the construction contract to a global group headed by the French group Systra. Project support was subcontracted to the Spanish group Ayesa Tecnología.
Preparatory work started in 2009, with construction of the first line starting in 2010. The line was inaugurated on 12 December 2012 by King Mohammed VI, with French Prime Minister Jean-Marc Ayrault in attendance. Commercial services started the next day.
As of 2017, the Casablanca Tramway consists of one line of 31 route kilometres (19.5 miles), with 48 stops, from termini at Sidi Moumen in the east to Aïn Diab and the Facultés district in the west.
Travel time between termini is around 69 minutes from Facultés and 77 minutes from Hay Hassani. With a 75% priority at junctions, the average speed comes close to 19 kilometres per hour (12 mph). On weekdays, the tramway runs from 06:30 to 22:00 at weekends it runs from 06:30 to 23:30. Service averages were planned to be every 4 1⁄2 minutes in peak hours and 8 1⁄2 minutes off-peak.
Casa Transport awarded a five-year contract to operate the tramway to the CasaTram consortium of RATP Group, Caisse de dépôt et de gestion and Transinvest as partners. In January 2016 RATP Group became the sole shareholder.
The tramway is operated by 74 Alstom Citadis type 302 low-floor trams, built by Alstom in France. Final assembly was completed in Reichshoffen, Alsace. Trams have air conditioning and tinted windows, and an information system in both Arabic and French. They typically in pairs with a total length of 65 metres (213 ft). A further 50 are to be delivered in 2018 to operate Line T2.
Ticket prices are subsidised by the Moroccan government and the city of Casablanca, and set at a flat rate of 6 dirhams per journey, with a weekly season ticket at 60 dirhams and a monthly season ticket at 230 dirhams. Students get a reduced monthly season ticket of 150 dirhams. A combined tram-and-bus fare is being considered.[when?]
In the first month of service, between 40,000 and 45,000 passengers used the service each day, on average. A survey in June 2013 recorded 70,000 commuters. By 2013, the tramway had met its objectives by carrying over 100,000 passengers a day. From 2015, 255,000 passengers a day are expected on Line T1.
- On 1 April 2013, a lorry hit a tramcar at full speed. Both the lorry and tram drivers were injured, according to a witness. The impact was so hard that part of the tram was derailed.
- On 2 August 2013, a man was crushed to death.
- Two days later on 4 August 2013, a motorcyclist was hit by a tram and died.
- On 14 January 2014, a man died after being hit by a tram.
- On 24 April 2014, a 26-year-old woman was fatally injured by the tram.
- On 4 July 2014, a coach owned by a private firm failed to give way to the tram, and struck it. Part of the tram was derailed.
The Schéma directeur d'aménagement urbain (SDAU, "Master plan of the Director of urban planning") and the Plan de déplacement urbain (PDU, "Urban transport plan") for Greater Casablanca foresee a final network of 4 tramway lines, two traversal (T1, T2) and two radial (T3, T4). These lines will interchange with the now cancelled Casablanca Metro and the operational Al Bidaoui suburban railways. Casablanca will have a network totalling 76 route km (47 1⁄4 route mi), costing 5.9 billion dirhams.
Line T1 Line extensionEdit
The SDAU and PDU foresee an extension of Line T1 from its terminus in the Facultés district to the business district CaseNearShore. This 22 km (14 mi) extension will replace the part of the line up to Aïn Diab, which will be re-used as part of the future Line T2.
According to the SDAU and PDU, the 17 km (11 mi) Line T2 will run from Aïn Diab to Aïn Sebaâ, via the El Fida and Derb Sultan districts. It will re-use the redundant section of Line 1 between Anoual and its terminus at Aïn Diab. Engie Ineo and Engie Cofely Morocco are to supply signalling and other systems for Line 2 as well an extension of Line 1.
Lines T3 and T4Edit
Line T3 will connect the Sidi Othmane district to the El Hank district via the city centre to Casa-Port railway station, and T4 will connect the Sbata and Lissasfa districts via the Aïn Chock and the Facultés district.
- Who is producing the project? Casablanca Transport (French)
- Casablanca Tramway, Morocco Railway Technology
- Inauguration of Casablanca's first tram line in Morocco Euro Transport Magazine 12 December 2012
- Royal opening launches Casablanca trams Railway Gazette International 14 December 2012
- Casa Tram RATP Group
- Timetables Casa Tram
- Casablanca light rail operations contract awarded International Railway Journal 16 July 2012
- Casablanca tram operating contract awarded Metro Report International 16 July 2012
- RATP Dev is now the sole shareholder of Casa-Tram Railway Pro 6 January 2016
- French State-Owned Company to Take Over Operation of Casablanca Tramway Morocco World News 12 June 2017
- RATP Dev to retain Casablanca tram operating contract International Railway Journal 13 June 2017
- RATP Dev retains Casablanca operating contract Metro Report International 20 September 2017
- "La ville de Casablanca choisit le Citadis d'Alstom pour son futur réseau de tramway" [The town of Casablanca chooses Alstom Citadis for its new tramway network] (in French). Alstom. 18 November 2009. Archived from the original on 15 February 2013. Retrieved 11 December 2012.
- Casablanca chooses Citadis trams Metro Report International 17 November 2009
- Casablanca tram contracts awarded Railway Gazette International 15 November 2010
- Inauguration of Casablanca's first tram line in Morocco Alstom 12 December 2012
- Casablanca orders Alstom LRVs for tram Line 2 International Railway Journal 13 October 2015
- Casablanca orders 50 more Cttadis trams Metro Report International 13 October 2015
- Four shortlisted for Casablanca LRV contract International Railway Journal 26 July 2017
- "Tramway de Casablanca - le ticket à 6 dirhams" [Casablanca Tramway – tickets 6 dirhams]. L'Economiste. 30 November 2012. Retrieved 13 December 2012.
- "Débuts en douceur pour le tramway de Casablanca" [Smooth start for the Casablanca Tramway]. Le Soir (Belgium) (in French). 23 January 2013. Retrieved 23 January 2013.
- .Benlahrech, Ryadh (2013). "Le tramway qui facilite le train-train: Spécial Villes" [The tramway which eases commuting]. Jeune Afrique (in French) (4): 68. ISSN 1950-1285.
- Djama, Nasser (19 December 2013). "Après le succès du tramway, Casablanca va préparer son futur métro aérien en 2014" [After the success of the tramway, Casablanca gets ready for Skytrain in 2014]. L'Usine Maroc (in French). Retrieved 23 October 2014.
- Zerrour, Laila (16 April 2014). "Tramway de Casablanca: Une quinzaine d accidents par mois" [Casablanca Tramway: Around 15 accidents a month]. aujourdhui.ma (in French). Retrieved 23 October 2014.
- "Maroc: près de 15 accidents par mois liés au tramway à Casablanca" [Morocco: Nearly 15 accidents a month on the Casablanca Tramway]. Le Soir (Belgium) (in French). 13 January 2014. Retrieved 23 October 2014.
- "Tramway Casablanca : Trois blessés dans un accident" [Casablanca Tram: Three hurt in accident]. La Nouvelle Tribune (in French). 1 April 2013. Archived from the original on 2014-05-12. Retrieved 23 October 2014.
- "Un camion heurte le tramway à Casablanca" [Lorry hits tram in Casablanca]. L'Observateur du Maroc (in French). 1 April 2013. Retrieved 23 October 2014.
- "Accidents de la circulation: Casa Tram part en "guerre"" [Traffic accidents: Casa Tram's part in the "war"]. L'Economiste (in French). 6 August 2013. Retrieved 23 October 2014.
- "Un mort après un accident de tramway à Casablanca" [One dead after Casablanca tram accident]. Bladi.net (in French). 14 January 2014. Retrieved 23 October 2014.
- Farkouch, Kenza (24 April 2014). "Casablanca : Une femme mortellement heurtée par le tramway" [Casablanca: Woman fatally injured by tram]. Yabiladi (in French). Retrieved 23 October 2014.
- "Tramway de Casablanca : un accident de plus, meurtrier cette fois" [Casablanca Tramway: One more accident, this time fatal]. Biladi Maroc (in French). Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 23 October 2014.
- Allal, Sakrouhi (October 2008). "Schéma directeur d'aménagement urbain" [Master plan of the Director of Urban Planning] (PDF) (in French). Agence urbaine de Casablanca. Retrieved 23 October 2014.
- "PROBLEMATIQUE DES DEPLACEMENTS URBAINS A CASABLANCA - Cas du projet de transport en commun en site propre (TCSP)" [REQUIREMENTS FOR URBAN TRANSPORT IN CASABLANCA - Public transport projects on dedicated land] (PDF) (in French). 13 November 2007. Archived from the original (PDF) on 1 September 2013. Retrieved 23 October 2014.
- Engie wins Casablanca tram extension contracts International Railway Journal 2 January 2017
- Casablanca tramway extension contracts awarded Metro Report International 4 January 2017