Carolina (Spanish pronunciation: [kaɾoˈlina]) is a municipality located on the northeast coast of Puerto Rico. It lies immediately east of the capital San Juan and Trujillo Alto; north of Gurabo and Juncos; and west of Canóvanas and Loíza. Carolina is spread over 12 wards plus Carolina Pueblo (the downtown area and administrative center). It is part of the San Juan-Caguas-Guaynabo Metropolitan Statistical Area, and home to Puerto Rico's main airport, the Luis Muñoz Marín International Airport.

Carolina

Municipio Autónomo de Carolina
Municipality
Buildings along Isla Verde Ave.
Buildings along Isla Verde Ave.
Flag of Carolina
Flag
Nicknames: 
"Tierra de Gigantes"
Spanish for "Land of Giants"
"El Pueblo de los Tumba Brazos"
Spanish for "Arm Hackers Town"
Location of Carolina in Puerto Rico
Location of Carolina in Puerto Rico
Coordinates: 18°24′22″N 65°58′2″W / 18.40611°N 65.96722°W / 18.40611; -65.96722Coordinates: 18°24′22″N 65°58′2″W / 18.40611°N 65.96722°W / 18.40611; -65.96722
Country United States
Territory Puerto Rico
Founded1857
Government
 • MayorJose C. Aponte Dalmau (PPD)
 • Senatorial dist.8 - Carolina
 • Representative dist.38, 39, 40
Area
 • Total156.29 km2 (60.34 sq mi)
 • Land117.4 km2 (45.3 sq mi)
 • Water38.89 km2 (15.02 sq mi)
Elevation
16 m (52 ft)
Population
 (2010)
 • Total176,762
 • Density1,100/km2 (2,900/sq mi)
Demonym(s)Carolinenses
Time zoneUTC−4 (AST)
Zip code
00979, 00982, 00983, 00985, 00987, 00981, 00984, 00986, 00988
Area code787
Major routesPR primary 26.svg PR urban primary 3.svg PR urban primary 8.svg PR urban primary 187.svg PR secondary 185.svg Ellipse sign 190.svg
Toll plate yellow.svg Toll plate yellow.svg
PR primary 17.svg PR primary 66.svg
Websitewww.municipiocarolina.com

Contents

HistoryEdit

The town was founded by Spanish colonists in 1816 as Trujillo Bajo ("lower Trujillo"), along with its counterpart Trujillo Alto after Trujillo, Spain. In 1857 it was renamed to San Fernando de la Carolina, later shortened to Carolina, after Charles II of Spain.[1]

The city is known as "Tierra de Gigantes" (Land of Giants), not only for well-known Carolina resident Don Felipe Birriel González (who was 7'11"), but also in honor of other people from Carolina, including poet Julia de Burgos and most notably the first Latin American player named to baseball's Hall of Fame, Roberto Clemente. Carolina was also home to Jesús T. Piñero, the first Puerto Rican to be appointed as governor by the United States government. The city is also known as "El Pueblo de los Tumba Brazos" (The Arm Hackers Town). During the late 1800s, the town's major export was sugar cane. Sugar cane workers solved their issues by fighting with their machetes, and therefore many lost their arms. (needs reference)

In 1899, Carolina had a total population of 11,965.[2]

GeographyEdit

Carolina[3] municipality has a number of rivers such as the Río Canovanillas, Río Grande de Loíza, La Torrecilla, Piñones Lagoons.

BarriosEdit

 
Subdivisions of Carolina.

Like all municipalities of Puerto Rico, Carolina is subdivided into barrios. The municipal buildings, central square and large Catholic church are located in a small barrio referred to as "el pueblo", near the center of the municipality.[4][5][6]

DemographicsEdit

Census Pop.
190011,965
191015,32728.1%
192015,5631.5%
193018,75120.5%
194024,04628.2%
195029,22421.5%
196040,92340.0%
1970107,643163.0%
1980165,95454.2%
1990177,8067.1%
2000186,0764.7%
2010176,762−5.0%
U.S. Decennial Census[8]
1899 (shown as 1900)[9] 1910-1930[10]
1930-1950[11] 1960-2000[12]2010[5]

TourismEdit

Carolina is one of Puerto Rico's most important tourist centers. Luis Muñoz Marín International Airport, the territory's main airport, is located in Isla Verde. Also located in Carolina are a large group of hotels, which sit by Carolina's large beach area.

There are several well-known hotels on the coast of Carolina (Isla Verde area), including the El San Juan Resort and Casino, InterContinental San Juan Hotel and the Ritz-Carlton San Juan Hotel, Spa, and Casino.

Landmarks and places of interestEdit

  • Buena Vista Ruins
  • Carolina Beach
  • Loíza's Big River
  • Isla Verde Club Gallístico
  • Luis Muñoz Marín International Airport
  • Jesús T. Piñero Monument
  • Julia de Burgos Park
  • Piñones Beach
  • Roberto Clemente Ciudad Deportiva

EconomyEdit

Carolina is the home of Plaza Carolina, one of Puerto Rico's largest shopping malls.

Executive Airlines, an aircraft ground handling company and subsidiary of American Airlines, is headquartered on the grounds of Luis Muñoz Marín International Airport in Carolina.[13]

IndustrialEdit

Manufacturing (pharmaceutical, medical equipment and chemical) and commerce.

Special communitiesEdit

Since 2001, when law 1-2001 was passed,[14] measures have been taken to identify and address the high levels of poverty and lack of resources and opportunities affecting people living in specific places (barrios, communities, sectors, or neighborhoods) of Puerto Rico. In 2004, the following places in Carolina were on the list of Comunidades especiales de Puerto Rico or marginalized communities:[15][16]

  1. Colo
  2. Martín González
  3. Buena Vista
  4. Buenaventura
  5. Canovanillas (Estancias del Parque)
  6. Cuesta Quiles
  7. Eduardo J. Saldaña - La Cerámica
  8. La Villas (Justicia y Esperanza)
  9. Sabana Abajo Norte
  10. Sabana Abajo Sur
  11. Saint Just
  12. San Antón
  13. Villa Caridad

In 2017, Governor Rosello created a new government agency to work with the Special Communities of Puerto Rico Program and Jesús Vélez Vargas, its director stated that the program was evolving.[17][18]

CultureEdit

Festivals and eventsEdit

  • Ladies Crafts Fair - April
  • San Fernando Patron Celebrations - May
  • Crafts Fair - July
  • Roberto Clemente Week - August
  • Patron Saint Celebration of Santa Carolina

SportsEdit

In recent years, Carolina has seen the building of the Ciudad Deportiva Roberto Clemente or Roberto Clemente Sports City, a sports and recreation facility that aims to become a youth sports school, and the Roberto Clemente Stadium, host to many entertainment events and to the 2003 and 2007 Caribbean World Series. It has also played host to the Coliseo Guillermo Angulo, where the BSN's Gigantes de Carolina play, as well as the Gigantes of Puerto Rican women's professional basketball, the Gigantes of men's professional volleyball, and the Gigantes of women's professional volleyball.

The Gigantes de Carolina professional baseball team use the Roberto Clemente Stadium as their home field. There is also another team with the same name, the Giants de Carolina, a professional soccer team that plays in the Puerto Rico Soccer League. That team also uses the Roberto Clemente Stadium as its home field.

Professional horse jockey Emanuel Jose Sanchez was born in Carolina, Puerto Rico. Riding the mare Mark Me Special he captured the 7th race at Colonial Downs on June 19, 2005.

DemographicsEdit

Race - Carolina, Puerto Rico - 2010 Census[19]
Race Population % of Total
White 113,683 64.3%
Black/Afro-Puerto Rican 40,310 22.8%
American Indian and Alaska Native 1,514 0.9%
Asian 625 0.4%
Native Hawaiian/Pacific Islander 13 0.0%
Some other race 14,832 8.4%
Two or more races 5,785 3.3%

GovernmentEdit

All municipalities in Puerto Rico are administered by a mayor, elected every four years. The current mayor of Carolina is José Aponte Dalmau, of the Popular Democratic Party (PPD). He was elected in 2007, after a special election, succeeding his late father, José Aponte de la Torre. Aponte de la Torre was elected mayor in 1984 and served for 23 years.

The city belongs to the Puerto Rico Senatorial district VIII, which is represented by two Senators. In 2012, Pedro A. Rodríguez and Luis Daniel Rivera were elected as District Senators.[20]

The Carolina Police Department, with most of its precincts in the northern half of the city due to the density of the population, handle law enforcement responsibilities. Puerto Rico Police Department also has jurisdiction in Carolina, especially for narcotics enforcement, with four precincts positioned on all four points of the city.

Carolina created the first municipal fire department in Puerto Rico. The Carolina Fire Department in collaboration with the Carolina Municipal Emergency Management use two engine trucks, one ladder track and one special hazard engine truck. Their headquarters are located in the tourist district of Isla Verde. Also, the Puerto Rico Fire Department have a fire station and regional office in town, located on the Roberto Clemente Avenue.

TransportationEdit

There are 72 bridges in Carolina.[21]

SymbolsEdit

FlagEdit

The flag consists of three vertical bands, the laterals white and the middle red. The laterals are seeded with black ermine tails in the heraldic way as for the coat of arms. The middle band of the flag shows a red field with the sword and crown of the coat of arms.

Coat of armsEdit

The crown over the sword is the main attribute for royalty and for that reason it occupies a privileged position in the coat of arms. The sword is not only a symbol for military service, but also one of justice, recalling the virtues of San Fernando. The coat of arms has a wide edge of silver, a cultivated field of small tails of ermine shown in the conventional heraldic manner. The red symbolizes the first patriotic developments made for Puerto Rico's freedom under Spanish dominion.

Notable people from CarolinaEdit

GalleryEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Adrian Room (2006). "Carolina". Placenames of the World. McFarland & Co. p. 79. ISBN 0-7864-2248-3.
  2. ^ Joseph Prentiss Sanger; Henry Gannett; Walter Francis Willcox (1900). Informe sobre el censo de Puerto Rico, 1899, United States. War Dept. Porto Rico Census Office. Imprenta del gobierno. p. 159.
  3. ^ "Carolina Municipality - Municipalities - EnciclopediaPR". Fundación Puertorriqueña de las Humanidades (FPH).
  4. ^ Gwillim Law (20 May 2015). Administrative Subdivisions of Countries: A Comprehensive World Reference, 1900 through 1998. McFarland. p. 300. ISBN 978-1-4766-0447-3. Retrieved 25 December 2018.
  5. ^ a b Puerto Rico:2010:population and housing unit counts.pdf (PDF). U.S. Dept. of Commerce Economics and Statistics Administration U.S. Census Bureau. 2010.
  6. ^ "Map of Carolina" (PDF). Retrieved 2007-12-13.
  7. ^ "US Census Barrio-Pueblo definition". factfinder.com. US Census. Retrieved 5 January 2019.
  8. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on April 26, 2015. Retrieved September 21, 2017.
  9. ^ "Report of the Census of Porto Rico 1899". War Department Office Director Census of Porto Rico. Retrieved September 21, 2017.
  10. ^ "Table 3-Population of Municipalities: 1930 1920 and 1910" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 21, 2017.
  11. ^ "Table 4-Area and Population of Municipalities Urban and Rural: 1930 to 1950" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 21, 2014.
  12. ^ "Table 2 Population and Housing Units: 1960 to 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 21, 2017.
  13. ^ "Regional3.pdf Archived 2012-09-21 at the Wayback Machine." Aviation Week. Retrieved on September 28, 2009.
  14. ^ "Leyes del 2001". Lex Juris Puerto Rico (in Spanish). Retrieved 24 June 2019.
  15. ^ "Comunidades Especiales de Puerto Rico" (in Spanish). 8 August 2011. Retrieved 24 June 2019.
  16. ^ Rivera Quintero, Marcia (2014), El vuelo de la esperanza : Proyecto de las Comunidades Especiales Puerto Rico, 1997-2004 (Primera edición ed.), San Juan, Puerto Rico Fundación Sila M. Calderón, p. 274, ISBN 978-0-9820806-1-0
  17. ^ "Evoluciona el proyecto de Comunidades Especiales". El Nuevo Dia (in Spanish). 24 February 2017. Retrieved 24 June 2019.
  18. ^ ElVocero.com, Por. "Ya es ley Oficina para el Desarrollo Socioeconómico y Comunitario". El Vocero de Puerto Rico (in Spanish). Retrieved 24 June 2019.
  19. ^ "Ethnicity 2010 census". Archived from the original on 2011-12-19. Retrieved 2011-11-10.
  20. ^ Elecciones Generales 2012: Escrutinio General Archived 2013-01-23 at the Wayback Machine on CEEPUR
  21. ^ "Carolina Bridges". National Bridge Inventory Data. US Dept. of Transportation. Retrieved 21 February 2019.

BooksEdit

External linksEdit