California Science Center
The California Science Center (sometimes spelled California ScienCenter) is a state agency and museum located in Exposition Park, Los Angeles, next to the Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County and the University of Southern California. Billed as the West Coast's largest hands-on science center, the California Science Center is a public-private partnership between the State of California and the California Science Center Foundation. The California Natural Resources Agency oversees the California Science Center and the California African American Museum. Founded in 1951 as the "California Museum of Science and Industry", the Museum was remodeled and renamed in 1998 as the "California Science Center". The California Science Center hosts the California State Science Fair annually.
|Established||1951 as California Museum of Science and Industry|
1998 as California Science Center
|Location||Exposition Park, Los Angeles, California|
|Accreditation||AAM, ASTC, AZA|
|Public transit access||Expo Park/USC (Expo Line)|
Admission includes access to the permanent exhibits, such as the Space Shuttle Endeavour and other prominent aircraft and spacecraft, and to various demonstrations. A separate ticket is required for the IMAX movies, most special traveling exhibitions, and special activities that include a climbing wall, motion simulator, and a high-wire bicycle.
The Center has been accredited by the American Alliance of Museums and the Association of Zoos and Aquariums, and is a member of the Association of Science and Technology Centers. The museum is also an affiliate in the Smithsonian Affiliations program.
Current permanent exhibitsEdit
The two-story, 45,000-square-foot exhibit features display zones with live animals and aquariums about wildlife and adaptation in different ecosystems, including a river, desert, polar region, deep sea, ocean, island and urban areas, as well as the entire planet Earth.
An area with hands-on activities and exhibits that explore innovation and invention, with themes involving construction, energy and transportation.
World of LifeEdit
Examines the processes of life and similarities among organisms, including food, body organs like the heart and brain, senses, defenses against threats, how living things reproduce which includes a hatching chick display, DNA, and microscopic organisms.
Air and space exhibitsEdit
- Space Shuttle Endeavour in the Samuel Oschin Pavilion
- Space Shuttle external tank immediately outside the Oschin Pavilion
- SKETCH Foundation Gallery in Science Court - exhibits about the solar system, space travel and aviation, displays of historic aircraft, space vehicles and equipment, and space telescopes
- Douglas DC-8 jetliner
- Lockheed F-104D Starfighter
- Lockheed A-12 Blackbird two-seater trainer, Serial Number 60-6927
- Replica Bell X-1 (movie prop from The Right Stuff)
- 1902 Wright Glider replica
- 1929 Velie Monocoupe
- Northrop T-38 Talon Jet Trainer, Serial Number 58-1196
- Northrop F-20 Tigershark
- McDonnell Douglas F/A-18A Hornet Serial Number 161725
- Mercury-Redstone 2 capsule which carried Ham the Chimp, the first hominid in space (1961)
- Gemini 11 capsule
- Apollo-Soyuz Test Project Command Module
The museum's history dates back to the first California State Exhibition building, which opened in Exposition Park in Los Angeles in 1912, the site of an agricultural fairground from 1872 to 1910. The brick and terra cotta building, designed by William D. Coates, Jr., state architect, and N. Ellery, state engineer, displayed agriculturally-based natural resources and industrial products from across the state, including ranching, fish and game, coal mining, gold mining, oil production, and lumbering, as well as some of the state's recreational attractions. After World War II, the building also featured exhibits about state science and technology industries.
California Museum of Science and IndustryEdit
In 1951, the exhibition became the "California Museum of Science and Industry". The State Exhibition building was renamed in honor of major donor and trustee Howard F. Ahmanson as the Howard F. Ahmanson Building. The hands-on interactive exhibits included themes on agriculture, transportation, electricity, energy, industries, and minerals.
In 1961, the museum opened a new science wing that featured "Mathematica: A World of Numbers... and Beyond", an exhibit sponsored by IBM and designed by Charles and Ray Eames to visually demonstrate fundamental mathematical concepts. Interaction stations demonstrated different concepts including celestial mechanics, the Möbius strip, multiplication, symmetry, and projective geometry. The original exhibit closed in 1998, and is now on display at the New York Hall of Science.
The Hall of Health was added in 1968.
In preparation for the 1984 Summer Olympics, the museum added new exhibits on earthquakes and economics, and a IMAX theatre. The opening and closing ceremonies for the games were held in the Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum, which is adjacent to the museum.
California African American MuseumEdit
The California African American Museum was founded in 1981 and housed in the California Museum of Science and Industry building until 1984, when its own facility was opened adjacent to the California Aerospace Museum.
1990s and closingEdit
California Aerospace MuseumEdit
The "California Aerospace Museum" was also opened in 1984 adjacent to and operated by the California Museum of Science and Industry to coincide with the Summer Olympics. It was also known as Aerospace Hall but also commonly known as the California Air and Space Museum/Gallery and the SKETCH Foundation Gallery, and was the first major public work of architect Frank Gehry. The museum focused on the State's history as a leader in the aviation and aerospace industries and featured a giant, hangar-like space with aircraft and space vehicles and artifacts.
Transformation to California Science CenterEdit
In 1988 the museum's leadership began a to develop a three-phase, 25-year master plan to transform the institution from a science museum to a science education facility. This new facility would be known as the California Science Center. The original museum building closed its doors in 1996 to prepare for the new construction.
- Redesign of the original main building (Howard F. Ahmanson building). The north facade of the Science Center retains the facade of former State Exposition Building that opened to the Exposition Park Rose Garden, but the remainder of the original building was demolished.
- Science Plaza - Exhibits outside the main entrance of aircraft and science principles.
- Exhibits in the new building
- World of Life - Explores the science of life in five galleries.
- Creative World - Highlights technology in transportation, communications and structures. Features include a virtual reality exhibit to play sports using virtual reality and an earthquake simulator.
- Special Exhibits gallery - Exhibits in this room have included a Titanic exhibit, a magic exhibit, a toy exhibit, and the Human Body exhibit.
- ExploraStore - Store specializing in scientific and educational items.
- IMAX theater - a new seven-story IMAX screen
Phase I was completed and opened in 1998, when the museum was opened and officially renamed the California Science Center.
- Ecosystems - opened in 2010
- Renovated the historic 160th Regiment State Armory building into the new "Wallis Annenberg Building for Science Learning and Innovation", opened in 2004 The building includes the Amgen Center for Science Learning and the K-5 Science Center School, a public magnet school officially known as the Dr. Theodore T. Alexander Jr. Science Center School.
- SKETCH Foundation Gallery, Air and Space Exhibits - opened in 2002, a temporary gallery featuring interactive exhibits and artifacts on continuing loan from NASA and The Smithsonian Institution.
- Air and Space Gallery (former California Aerospace Museum) closed in 2011, with displays moved into the main Science Center in the SKETCH Foundation Gallery.
- In 2012, the California Science Center opened a temporary steel structure known as the "Samuel Oschin Pavilion" to house the Space Shuttle Endeavour. The structure was designed by Zimmer Gunsul Frasca Partnership and is planned to be replaced by the new Samuel Oschin Air and Space Center on the east side of the Science Center. In 2015, the museum received the last remaining Space Shuttle external tank.
- "California Science Center". Affiliate Detail. Smithsonian Affiliations. 2011. Archived from the original on September 29, 2011. Retrieved July 16, 2011.
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Historical Notes The State Exposition Building, designed by William D. Coates, Jr., state architect, and N. Ellery, state engineer, opened in 1912 and housed simple, agriculturally based displays of natural resources and industrial products from across the state.*
- "Postacard: The California State Exposition Building, Exposition Park". Card Cow. Retrieved 6 March 2016.
- "Our Past". California Science Center. Retrieved 6 March 2016.
- Federal Writers' Project. "The WPA Guide to California: The Golden State". Missing or empty
- "History". The Ahmanson Foundation. Retrieved 6 March 2016.
- "The Story of the California Museum of Science and Industry". California State Science Fair Historical Information. Archived from the original on 3 March 2016. Retrieved 6 March 2016.
- "Popularizing Math and Science". IBM at 100: Icons of Progress. Retrieved 6 March 2016.
Arguably, the signature example of their efforts for IBM was Mathematica, the first interactive exhibit to make math its subject. Planning a new science wing to debut in 1961, the California Museum of Science and Industry in Los Angeles asked IBM for a contribution. The company turned to the Eameses, who designed a display that, in the words of Charles Eames, would "let the fun [of math and science] out of the bag."
- "ReAppreciating Mathematica". Humantific New york. Retrieved 6 March 2016.
- "Mathematica". New York Hall of Science. Retrieved 6 March 2016.
- "California Museum of Science and Industry1951-1996". Whimsical Will. Retrieved 6 March 2016.
- Nicolai Ouroussoff (February 2, 1998). "The new California Science Center is a commanding presence and unifying element at a neglected site". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 6 March 2016.
- "California Aerospace Museum, Exposition Park". Marry Anne Sullivan, Bluffton University. Retrieved 6 March 2016.
- "California Aerospace Museum, Los Angeles, California". Knowlton School of Architecture, Ohio State University. Retrieved 7 March 2016.
- "California Aerospace Museum". California State Parks Office of Historic Preservation. January 24, 2012. Missing or empty
- "Air and Space Gallery, California Science Center". Los Angeles Conservancy. Retrieved 6 March 2016.
- "Perishable! Gehry's Air and Space Gallery in limbo at California Science Center". The Architects Newspaper. July 6, 2012. Retrieved 6 March 2016.
- "Recommendation Report". Los Angeles Department of City Planning. June 7, 2012. Missing or empty
- "Add to Board WS ZO View of historical façade of former State Exposition Building now called the California Science Center in Exposition Park Los Angeles / Los Angeles, California, USA". Getty Images. Retrieved 6 March 2016.
- "Ecosystem in spotlight at California Science Center". San Jose Mercury News. March 25, 2010. Retrieved 6 March 2016.
- Bianca Barrigan (October 3, 2014). "Cornerspotted: The Old Armory Building in Exposition Park". Curbed Los Angeles. Retrieved 6 March 2016.
- "Official site". Dr. Theodore T. Alexander Jr. Science Center School. Retrieved 6 March 2016.
- "Space Container - Inside the California Science Center's temporary home for the space shuttle Endeavour". The Architects Newspaper. December 11, 2012. Retrieved 6 March 2016.
- "NASA gives California Science Center museum last remaining space shuttle fuel tank". LA Times. May 28, 2015. Retrieved 6 March 2016.
- "EndeavourLA Campaign". California Science Center. Retrieved 6 March 2016.
- Emily Lakdawalla (April 13, 2011). "Congratulations to the California Science Center on getting Space Shuttle Endeavour!". The Planetary Society. Retrieved 6 March 2016.