The Bundesstraße 8 (abbr. B8) is a German federal highway in southwestern Germany of great historical importance. It has existed since the 9th century, known then as Via Publica, and until recent times was a key trade route linking the towns of Brussels, Duisburg, Cologne, Frankfurt, Würzburg, Nuremberg, Regensburg and Passau. Today it has been replaced as a main route by the A3 motorway which runs parallel to it.

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B8
Bundesstraße 8
Route information
Length800 km (500 mi)
Major junctions
Northwest endEmmerich am Rhein
Southeast endPassau
Location
StatesNorth Rhine-Westphalia, Rhineland-Palatinate, Hesse, Bavaria
Highway system
"Via Publica" redirects here. For the type of Roman road of this name, see via publica.

HistoryEdit

The Via Publica (later known as the Poststraße or Handelsstraße) was first mentioned in 839 in a diploma of Louis the Pious. In the Middle Ages it joined the commercial cities of Cologne, Frankfurt, Nuremberg and Regensburg. The Steinerne Brücke bridge in Regensburg (1135-46), the Innbrücke bridge in Passau (1143), the Lahnbrücke bridge in Limburg (completed 1341) and the main bridges in Würzburg (1133), Frankfurt (before 1222) and Kitzingen (before 1300) are among the oldest stone bridges in central Europe and testify to the historical importance of this road.

In 1615 the general postmaster Lamoral von Taxis was tasked by emperor Matthias with setting up a postal route between Brussels and Prague, via Frankfurt and Nuremberg. To achieve this the Via Publica was expanded to a Poststraße. The present day Bundesstraße 8 is largely identical to the Via Publica. The medieval trade route largely used dry level roads rather than the valleys, which were swampy and impassible after rain. Part of the Via Publcia was referred to as the Mauspfad.

Route / JunctionsEdit

from Arnhem   N336
  (NL) border crossing
North Rhine-Westphalia
Elten
Emmerich am Rhein   B 220
Rees   B 67
Wesel   B 473   B 58   B 70
  (1) Dinslaken-West   A 59

replaced by L 1


Duisburg-Huckingen   B 288
Düsseldorf-Wittlaer
  Düsseldorf-Kaiserswerth
  Düsseldorf-Lohausen
  (30) Düsseldorf-Stockum   A 44
  Düsseldorf-Derendorf   B 1/  B 7
  (23) Düsseldorf-Bilk   B 326   A 46

replaced by   A 46   A 59


Düsseldorf-Benrath   B 228
  (23) Düsseldorf-Garath   A 59
Langenfeld   B 229
  (2) Langenfeld-Reusrath   A 542
Opladen   B 232
  (22) Opladen   A 3
  Leverkusen-Wiesdorf
Leverkusen   A 1
Cologne   B 51   B 506   B 55   B 55a
  (31) Gremberghoven   A 59
  (36) Lind   A 59
Siegburg   B 56

replaced by L 333



replaced by   A 560


  (7) Hennef (Sieg)-Ost   A 560
Rheinland-Pfalz
Altenkirchen (Westerwald)   B 256   B 414
Höchstenbach   B 413
Hahn am See   B 255
Wallmerod
Hesse
Limburg an der Lahn   B 54/  B 49   B 417
  Lahn
  Tunnel Schiede Tunnel 240 m
  (43) Limburg-Süd   A 3
Bad Camberg
Waldems-Esch   B 275
Königstein   B 455   B 519
Kraftfahrstraße
  Kelkheim   B 519
  Bad Soden
  Sulzbach
end of motor road
  (16) Frankfurt-Höchst   A 66

replaced by   A 66

  (18) Eschborner 3-way interchange   A 648

replaced by   A 648

  (3) Westkreuz Frankfurt   A 5
  (5) Katharinenkreisel (formerly Opelrondell)   B 44

  (-) Frankfurt-Messe   A 648
  (21) Frankfurt-Miquelallee   A 66
Frankfurt am Main   B 3
  (14) Frankfurt-Ost   A 661
  (33) Maintal-Bischofsheim   A 66

replaced by   A 66

  (36) Hanau-Nord   B 45   A 66

  (37) Erlensee interchange   A 66
  Hanau-Lamboy
  Hanau   B 43
Hanau
  Hanau-Wolfgang   B 43a
Bayern
Kahl
Karlstein
  (45b) Kleinostheim   A 45
Kleinostheim
  (58) Aschaffenburg-West   A 3
  Mainaschaff
Kraftfahrstraße
  Mainaschaff-Ost/Aschaffenburg-Strietwald
end of motor road
Aschaffenburg   B 26

replaced by   A 3


  (65) Marktheidenfeld   A 3
  Main
Marktheidenfeld
  (67) Helmstadt   B 468   A 3
Würzburg   B 27   B 19   B 13
  Main
  bei Rottendorf 3-way interchange   B 22
  (72) Rottendorf   A 3
  Biebelried-West
  (103) Kitzingen   A 7
Kitzingen
  Main
Enzlar   B 286
Barred to lorry traffic
Open to lorry traffic
Neustadt/Aisch local diversion   B 470
Kraftfahrstraße
  Langenzenn/Wilhermsdorf
  Langenzenn-Burggrafenhof
  Langenzenn-Horbach (entry   / exit  )
  Seukendorf
  with southwest tangent, 3-way interchange   B 8 branches off
Fürth–Burgfarrnbach local diversion
  Fürth West
end of motor road
Fürth
  (38) Nuremberg/Fürth   A 73
  Maximilianstraße   B 4 R

replaced by   B 4 R

Nürnberg   B 2   B 4   B 14

  Münchener Straße   B 4 R
  (45) Nuremberg-Zollhaus   A 73

replaced by   A 73


  (48) Nuremberg/Feucht   A 73
Feucht local diversion
Schwarzenbruck
Pfeifferhütte
Oberferrieden local diversion
Postbauer-Heng
Neumarkt-Pölling local diversion
Neumarkt in der Oberpfalz local diversion   B 299
Neumarkt in der Oberpfalz
Deining
Batzhausen local diversion
Seubersdorf
Daßwang
Hemau local diversion
Nittendorf
  (97) Nittendorf   A 3
  (39) Regensburg-Pfaffenstein   A 93
Regensburg   B 15   B 16
  Nibelungen Bridge Regensburg
  (103) Rosenhof   A 3
Pfatter local diversion
Rain local diversion
Straubing local diversion
Aiterhofen local diversion   B 20
Straßkirchen local diversion
  (22) Plattling-West   A 92
Barred to lorry traffic
Plattling
Open to lorry traffic
Osterhofen local diversion
Vilshofen an der Donau
Passau   B 12   B 85
  (A) border crossing

continues towards Linz

See alsoEdit