Bundesautobahn 2

Bundesautobahn 2 (translates from German as Federal Motorway 2, short form Autobahn 2, abbreviated as BAB 2 or A 2) is an autobahn in Germany that connects the Ruhr area in the west to Berlin in the east. The A 2 starts at the junction with the A3 near the western city of Oberhausen, passes through the north of the Ruhr valley, through the Münsterland and into Ostwestfalen, crossing the former inner German border and continuing through the Magdeburger Börde to merge into the Berliner Ring shortly before reaching Berlin. Major cities such as Magdeburg, Braunschweig, Hannover and Dortmund are situated very close to the A 2. The A 2 is one of the most important autobahns, connecting several large industrial areas with each other.

A2 shield}}

A2
Bundesautobahn 2
Route information
Part of E30 E34
Length486 km (302 mi)
Major junctions
West endOberhausen
 
Route
AB-Kreuz-blau.svg (1) Oberhausen 4-way interchange A3 / E35, A516
AB-AS-blau.svg (2) Oberhausen-Königshardt
AB-Tank.svg AB-Rast.svg Services BottropPfeil unten.svg
AB-Kreuz-blau.svg (3) Bottrop 3-way interchange A31
AB-AS-blau.svg (4) Gladbeck-Ellinghorst
AB-AS-blau.svg (5) Essen / Gladbeck B224
AB-AS-blau.svg (6) Gelsenkirchen-Buer
AB-Tank.svg AB-Rast.svg Services Resser MarkPfeil oben.svg
AB-AS-blau.svg (7) Herten
AB-Kreuz-blau.svg (8) Recklinghausen 4-way interchange A43
AB-AS-blau.svg (9) Recklinghausen-Süd
AB-AS-blau.svg (10) Recklinghausen-Ost
AB-Brücke.svg Rhein-Herne-Kanal-Brücke
AB-AS-blau.svg (11) Henrichenburg B235
AB-Kreuz-blau.svg (12) Dortmund-Nordwest 4-way interchange A45
AB-AS-blau.svg (12) Dortmund-Mengede
AB-Kreuz-blau.svg (13) Dortmund-Nordost 4-way interchange B236
AB-Brücke.svg Dortmund-Ems-Kanal-Brücke
AB-AS-blau.svg (14) Dortmund-Lanstrop
AB-AS-blau.svg (15) Kamen / Bergkamen B61
AB-Kreuz-blau.svg (16) Kamener Kreuz A1
AB-AS-blau.svg (17) Bönen
AB-AS-blau.svg (18) Hamm B63
Intersection 3-way interchange Hamm (planned) A445
AB-Tank.svg AB-Rast.svg Services Rhynern
AB-Brücke.svg Datteln-Hamm-Kanal-Brücke
AB-Brücke.svg Lippebrücke
AB-AS-blau.svg (19) Hamm-Uentrop
AB-AS-blau.svg (20) Beckum B475
AB-Rast.svg Raststätte Vellern
AB-AS-blau.svg (21) Oelde
AB-Brücke.svg Emsbrücke
AB-AS-blau.svg (23) Rheda-Wiedenbrück B64
AB-Tank.svg AB-Rast.svg Services Gütersloh
AB-AS-blau.svg (24) Gütersloh
AB-Rast.svg Raststätte Obergassel/Niedergassel
AB-Kreuz-blau.svg (25) Bielefeld 4-way interchange A33
AB-AS-blau.svg (26) Bielefeld-Süd B68
AB-Brücke.svg Talbrücke Lämershagen
AB-AS-blau.svg (27) Bielefeld-Ost B66
AB-AS-blau.svg (28) Ostwestfalen / Lippe
AB-AS-blau.svg (29) Herford / Bad Salzuflen B239
AB-Brücke.svg Werrebrücke 100 m
AB-Tank.svg AB-Rast.svg Services Herford
AB-AS-blau.svg (30) Herford-Ost
AB-AS-blau.svg (31) Vlotho-Exter
AB-Brücke.svg Talbrücke Exter 203/236 m
AB-Brücke.svg Talbrücke Steinegge 255 m
AB-Kreuz-blau.svg (32) Bad Oeynhausen 4-way interchange A30 / E30
AB-Brücke.svg Weser-Flutbrücke
AB-Brücke.svg Weserbrücke
AB-AS-blau.svg (33) Porta Westfalica B482
AB-AS-blau.svg (34) Veltheim
AB-Brücke.svg Talbrücke Kleinenbremen 180 m
AB-Brücke.svg Talbrücke Schermbeck A 180 m
AB-Brücke.svg Talbrücke Schermbeck B 230 m
AB-Brücke.svg Talbrücke Luhden 230 m
AB-AS-blau.svg (35) Bad Eilsen B83
AB-AS-blau.svg (35) Bad Eilsen (Ost)
AB-Brücke.svg Talbrücke Arensburg 600/570 m
AB-Tank.svg AB-Rast.svg Services Auetal
AB-AS-blau.svg (36) Rehren
AB-Rast.svg Raststätte SchafstriftPfeil oben.svg
AB-AS-blau.svg (37) Lauenau B442
AB-AS-blau.svg (38) Bad Nenndorf B65
AB-AS-blau.svg (39) Wunstorf-Kolenfeld
AB-Brücke.svg Mittellandkanalbrücke
AB-AS-blau.svg (40) Wunstorf-Luthe B441
AB-Brücke.svg Leinebrücke
AB-AS-blau.svg (41) Garbsen
AB-Tank.svg AB-Rast.svg Services Garbsen
AB-AS-blau.svg (42) Hannover-Herrenhausen B6
AB-Kreuz-blau.svg (43) Hannover-West 3-way interchange A352
AB-AS-blau.svg (44) Hannover/Langenhagen B522
AB-AS-blau.svg (45) Hannover-Bothfeld
AB-AS-blau.svg (46) Hannover-Lahe
AB-Kreuz-blau.svg (47) Hannover-Buchholz 4-way interchange A37
AB-Kreuz-blau.svg (48) Kreuz Hannover-Ost 4-way interchange A7
AB-AS-blau.svg (49) Lehrte B443
AB-Tank.svg AB-Rast.svg Services Lehrter See
AB-AS-blau.svg (50) Lehrte-Ost
AB-AS-blau.svg (51) Hämelerwald
AB-Brücke.svg Fuhsebrücke
AB-AS-blau.svg (52) Peine B444
AB-AS-blau.svg (52a) Peine-Ost
AB-Tank.svg AB-Rast.svg Services Zweidorfer Holz
AB-AS-blau.svg (53) Braunschweig-Watenbüttel B214
AB-Brücke.svg Okerbrücke
AB-AS-blau.svg (54) Braunschweig-Hafen
AB-Brücke.svg Mittellandkanalbrücke
AB-Kreuz-blau.svg (55) Braunschweig-Nord 4-way interchange A391
AB-AS-blau.svg (56) Braunschweig-Flughafen
AB-AS-blau.svg (57) Braunschweig-Ost B248
AB-Kreuz-blau.svg (58) Wolfsburg / Königslutter 4-way interchange A39
AB-Brücke.svg Talbrücke Scheppau 508 m
AB-Brücke.svg Schunterbrücke
AB-AS-blau.svg (59) Königslutter
AB-AS-blau.svg (60) Rennau
AB-AS-blau.svg (61) Helmstedt-West B244
AB-AS-blau.svg (62) Helmstedt-Zentrum
AB-Tank.svg AB-Rast.svg Services Helmstedt/Lappwald
AB-AS-blau.svg (63) Helmstedt-Ost B1
AB-AS-blau.svg (63) Marienborn / Helmstedt
AB-Tank.svg AB-Rast.svg Services MarienbornPfeil unten.svg
AB-AS-blau.svg (64) Alleringersleben
AB-AS-blau.svg (65) Eilsleben B245
AB-AS-blau.svg (66) Bornstedt B1
AB-Tank.svg AB-Rast.svg Services Börde
AB-AS-blau.svg (67) Irxleben
AB-Kreuz-blau.svg (68) Magdeburg 4-way interchange A14
AB-AS-blau.svg (69) Magdeburg-Kannenstieg B71
AB-AS-blau.svg (70) Magdeburg-Zentrum B189
AB-AS-blau.svg (71) Magdeburg-Rothensee
AB-Brücke.svg Elbabstiegskanalbrücke 92 m
AB-Brücke.svg Elbebrücke 1.170 m
AB-AS-blau.svg (72) Lostau / Hohenwarthe
AB-AS-blau.svg (73) Burg-Zentrum B1
AB-AS-blau.svg (74) Burg-Ost B246a
AB-AS-blau.svg (75) Theeßen
AB-AS-blau.svg (76) Ziesar
AB-Tank.svg AB-Rast.svg Services Buckautal
AB-AS-blau.svg (77) Wollin
AB-AS-blau.svg (78) Brandenburg B102
AB-AS-blau.svg (79) Netzen
AB-Brücke.svg Hochstraße Nahmitz 246 m
AB-AS-blau.svg (80) Lehnin
AB-Kreuz-blau.svg (81) Werder 3-way interchange A10 / E30(Berliner Ring)
East endBerlin
Location
StatesNorth Rhine-Westphalia, Lower Saxony, Saxony-Anhalt, Brandenburg
Highway system
A1A3

The A 2 was modified in the late 1990s, and completely rebuilt in the former East Germany. All of the A 2 has 3 travel lanes and a breakdown lane in each direction.

HistoryEdit

 
Border crossing at Helmstedt in 1967

The highway was planned between September 1933 and December 1934 by the construction departments of the company Reichsautobahn in Dusseldorf, Hanover and Merseburg. As a connection of the Rhine-Ruhr region, the highway was deliberately planned in the northern area of the Ruhr area, since the mining migrated to the north and at the same time wanted to avoid the mountain subsidence areas. In the area Ostwestfalen one followed the settlement priorities. In the area of Hanover, it was natural to pass the motorway via a short route south of the city. As Hanover was at that time one of the hubs of German air traffic and the airport was in the north of the city, it was decided, however, for a northern bypass of the city. In addition, there was a freight yard in the north, an industrial area was planned and the soil conditions were better. Between Berlin and Hanover there were three possible variants, which were examined. The northern one was supposed to lead over Stendal and to the north to the Berliner Ring. It was the shortest route for the proposed extension in the direction of Szczecin and Königsberg dar. However, the disadvantage was that the crossed area was sparsely populated and already the railroad was the main carrier. The middle variant touched Genthin and Brandenburg on the Havel and aimed at the center of Berlin. Again, the area was sparsely populated and already developed by the railway. Another difficulty was that there were numerous lakes and bogs, which would have made construction difficult. The southern variant, which was finally built, led through the most densely populated area and opened the possibility of an extension to Wroclaw or Frankfurt (Oder) and Warsaw. It was planned to build two 3.75 m wide lanes per direction of travel with a 4.2 m wide median strip along the entire route. With the Betonleitstreifen and the banquets, the construction had a width of 24 m. It was laid out, with the exception of the section in the Teutoburg Forest, for speeds of at least 160 km / h.

The construction was carried out in parallel with the total of 12 locations. First, on April 5, 1936, the 32 km section between Braunschweig-West and Lehrte was opened to traffic. Three further sections between Hannover-Ost to Lehrte (10 km), Braunschweig-West to Helmstedt (43 km) and Werder / Groß Kreutz (located at the subsequent part of today's A 10) to Burg / Schermen (85 km) followed on 17 August 1936. On January 10, 1937, the Berlin Ring was connected to Hannover with the release of the 55 km long section between Burg / Schermen and Helmstedt. In 1937, the first section between Dusseldorf and Recklinghausen was opened in the western area on 17 December. The Kamener cross northeast of Dortmund, where the A 1 crosses the A 2, was on 12 November 1938, together with the section between Recklinghausen and Gütersloh the traffic passed, but still without the subsequent parts of today's A 1, the only after 1945 were put into operation. It was after the Schkeuditzer cross (A 9-A 14) a second intersection in cloverleaf execution in Germany. The also scheduled for this day traffic transfer of the section between Gütersloh and Bielefeld could not be performed due to a landslide in the Teutoburg Forest. Only after the damage had been eliminated on 15 December, you[who?] could drive this route. On the same day, the section was inaugurated until Bad Salzuflen and Herford. The day before, the section between Bad Nenndorf and Hannover had already been opened. Thus, only the section between Bad Salzuflen and Bad Nenndorf was missing. This was released on 23 September 1939 restricted. Due to the started World War II you[who?] could finish this section only once. Thus, this was provisionally intended only for the so-called service traffic. Under the operation of Polish forced laborers and prisoners of war, this section was built and opened until November 14, 1940, except for a three-kilometer stretch of the Weser crossing at Bad Oeynhausen, which was built after the war. Altogether 230 bridges were built in the course of the highway.

In the GDR, the highway was one of the transit routes, from 1971 in the context of the transit agreement. On a travel and traffic map of the GDR of 1979, the section of the highway between the border crossing Marienborn and the former branch Magdeburg (now motorway junction Werder) is only marked with a T for transit route, on a later map (Reiseland DDR 1988) with the until today applicable addition E 30 for European road. It played an important role as a transit corridor to West Berlin, with allied checkpoints at Helmstedt and Dreilinden-Drewitz (on the A 10) respectively.

In the beginning of the 1970s prepared numbering scheme of the federal highways carried the current A 2 in the former West Germany largely their current number, but ran west of the cross Oberhausen on the way of today's A 3 on to the motorway junction Heumar, the Berliner Ring coming Kilometrierung was even continued in a westerly direction to Aachen. From the introduction of today's numbering system in 1975, the A 2 already began at the Dutch border Straelen / Venlo and led from the intersection Kaiserberg together as A 2 and A 3 to the cross Oberhausen, where the A 3 in the direction of Arnhem again separated from the route. In the course of the numbering of the junctions, which began in 1992, double denominations of motorway junctions, motorway junctions and dual denominations such as the route between Duisburg and Oberhausen were classified as A 2 / A 3. The piece between Venlo and Duisburg is today part of the A 40.

Between the towns of Helmstedt and Marienborn one can still see the former border control points, which were turned into a museum in the 1990s.

 
A2 near Magdeburg

TodayEdit

The Dortmund-Lanstrop junction has only been built to give access to the nearby landfill. Garbage trucks approach it via the autobahn, then exit via secondary roads. The landfill is easily recognizable by the Lanstroper Ei, an old water tower standing on a hill approximately 400 metres (0.25 mi) away from the autobahn.

Due to its importance as a major thoroughfare for commercial transit and as a trade route connecting the western parts of Germany to neighbouring Central European countries such as Poland, it is often nicknamed Warsaw Avenue or simply Poland Highway.

Christian Dzida, keyboardist for the Austrian band Schürzenjäger from 1995 to 1999, was killed in a road accident on Bundesautobahn 2 in November 2009.[1]

FutureEdit

The A 2 is completely six-lane between the Ruhr area and Berlin. The last gap of several years of expansion was closed in mid-December 2011. During the long expansion phase, it came again and again to miles of traffic jams. Despite extensive security measures, there were always numerous serious rear-end collisions involving trucks.

At the end of October 2013, after 18 months of construction, the tank and service facility "Lipperland Nord" north of the junction Ostwestfalen / Lippe opened. The rest stop Lipperland Süd was already completed.

Lower Saxony and North Rhine-Westphalia want to expand the busy A 2 from Bielefeld to the border to Saxony-Anhalt eight lanes. In order to meet the expected increase in traffic, especially of trucks on the important east-west connection, both countries had notified the expansion for the Federal Transport Infrastructure Plan 2030. However, the final version of the corresponding demand plan, which came into force at the end of 2016 with the amendment of the Highway Act, now only includes the extension of the motorway triangle Bottrop and Hannover-West, the motorway junction Hannover-Buchholz and the eight-lane extension from Herrenhausen to AD Hannover-West as urgent needs with bottleneck elimination. Further needs are the eight-lane expansion of the sections Bad Nenndorf to Herrenhausen and Hannover-West to Hannover-East classified.

On the approximately 3.5-kilometer section between the interchange Hannover-Ost and Lehrte the side strips were equipped with emergency stop bays, structurally adapted and sold with block marking and released since January 28 in the direction of Berlin and February 1 in the opposite direction as Verflechtungsstreifen. Traffic is routed there via LED panels and supplemented variable message signs.

ReferencesEdit

External linksEdit

  Media related to Bundesautobahn 2 at Wikimedia Commons
  Geographic data related to Bundesautobahn 2 at OpenStreetMap

Coordinates: 52°12′23″N 8°50′47″E / 52.20639°N 8.84639°E / 52.20639; 8.84639