Kenyon Institute

The Kenyon Institute, previously known as the British School of Archaeology in Jerusalem (BSAJ), is a British overseas research institute supporting humanities and social science studies in Israel and Palestine. It is part of the Council for British Research in the Levant and is sponsored by the British Academy.[1][2]

Kenyon Institute
Founder(s)Robert Mond
Established1919 (1919)
DirectorToufic Haddad
Formerly calledBritish School of Archaeology in Jerusalem
Location,
Coordinates31°47′35″N 35°13′53″E / 31.79295°N 35.23138°E / 31.79295; 35.23138
Websitecbrl.org.uk

HistoryEdit

The institute was established in 1919 as the British School of Archaeology in Jerusalem (BSAJ). The London-based Palestine Exploration Fund was instrumental in its foundation.

The first Director was British archaeologist John Garstang, and among its earliest students was architect-archaeologist George Horsfield, later Chief Inspector of Antiquities in British Mandate Transjordan. An excavation at Tughbah Caves by BSAJ student Francis Turville-Petre in 1925 yielded an important prehistoric find, the Galilee skull.[3] Under Garstang's directorship, the BSAJ began excavations on Mount Ophel, Jerusalem, with the Palestine Exploration Fund.

Garstang resigned his post as Director of the BSAJ in 1926 and British archaeologist John Winter Crowfoot, who had trained at the British School at Athens, became the School's second Director. With his wife, Molly Crowfoot, a noted expert in textiles, crafts and botany, John Crowfoot conducted excavations at Mount Ophel, Jerusalem (1927–1929), Jerash (1928–1930) and Samaria (1930–1935).[4] Dorothy Garrod, who excavated at Mount Carmel as a BSAJ student in 1929 along with Mary Kitson-Clark and Elinor Ewbank, produced evidence of the Natufian culture.[5]

The British School of Archaeology in Jerusalem had close ties to the American Schools of Oriental Research, led by archaeologist William Foxwell Albright, and the French École Biblique, through the Reverend Fathers Luis-Hughes Vincent, Antoine Raphael Savignac and Félix-Marie Abel.[6][7]

In 1998 the BSAJ merged with the British Institute at Amman for Archaeology and History to form the Council for British Research in the Levant (CBRL) and in 2001 was renamed the Kenyon Institute, after Kathleen Kenyon, to reflect the wider range of disciplines supported by the institute as part of the CBRL.[8]

Notable peopleEdit

Directors

Other

See alsoEdit

Further readingEdit

  • Gibson, S (1999). "British Archaeological Institutions in Mandatory Palestine, 1917-1948". Palestine Exploration Quarterly. 131: 115–143. doi:10.1179/peq.1999.131.2.115.
  • Thornton, A. 2009. "Archaeological Training in Mandate Palestine: The BSAJ Minute Books at the PEF," available at: http://www.pef.org.uk/archive/.
  • Thornton, A (2012). "Archaeologists-in-Training: Students of the British School of Archaeology in Jerusalem, 1920-1936". Journal of Open Archaeology Data. 1: e1. doi:10.5334/4f293686e4d62.
  • British Academy (2018). "The origins of a British School of Archaeology in Jerusalem". British Academy Review. 33.
  • Yucel, I. "The British School of Archaeology in Jerusalem in the wake of the WWI." History Studies, 9/2, 2017.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Who funds us". CBRL website. Retrieved 2016-04-23.
  2. ^ "Academy-Sponsored Institutes". British Academy website. Archived from the original on 2016-03-13. Retrieved 2016-04-23.
  3. ^ Bar-Yosef, O.; Callander, J. A (1997). "Forgotten Archaeologist: The Life of Francis Turville-Petre". Palestine Exploration Quarterly. 129 (1): 2–18. doi:10.1179/peq.1997.129.1.2.
  4. ^ Crowfoot, E. 1990. Crowfoot, John Winter, in E. Meyers (ed.), The Oxford Encyclopedia of Archaeology in the Near East (Vol 2), 72-73; Crowfoot, E. 1997. Grace Mary Crowfoot 1877-1957. Breaking Ground: Women in Old World Archaeology. [Online], available at Brown University. http://www.brown.edu/Research/Breaking_Ground/search.php Archived 2011-06-08 at the Wayback Machine.
  5. ^ Smith, P. 2001. Pioneers in Palestine: The Women Excavators of el-Wad Cave, in Whitehouse, R. Women in Archaeology and Antiquity. London: University College London
  6. ^ Viviano, B. T. (1991). "Profiles of Archaeological Institutes: Ėcole Biblique et Archaeologique Française de Jerusalem". Biblical Archaeologist. 54 (3): 160–167. doi:10.2307/3210264. JSTOR 3210264.
  7. ^ King, P. J. (1984). "ASOR at 85". Biblical Archaeologist. 47 (4): 197–205. doi:10.2307/3209902. JSTOR 3209902.
  8. ^ "About us | CBRL". cbrl.org.uk. Retrieved 2015-06-14.
  9. ^ "John Winter Crowfoot, 1873-1959". Profiles. The Palestine Exploration Fund. Archived from the original on 15 June 2015. Retrieved 1 June 2015.
  10. ^ "Lt. Col. Philip Langstaffe Ord Guy, 1885-1952". Profiles. The Palestine Exploration Fund. Archived from the original on 28 July 2018. Retrieved 27 July 2018.
  11. ^ "Kenyon Institute". Council for British Research in the Levant. Retrieved 30 December 2020.
  12. ^ "Crystal-M Bennett". Women in Old World Archaeology. Brown University. Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 1 June 2015.
  13. ^ "Mandy Turner". Jadaliyya. Retrieved 30 December 2020.
  14. ^ "Staff at the Kenyon Institute". Kenyon Institute. Council for British Research in the Levant. Retrieved 30 December 2020.