Brazilian order of precedence

The order of precedence in Brazil is a symbolic hierarchy of officials used to direct protocol. It is regulated by Presidential Decree number 70.274 of March 9, 1972, signed by former President Emilio Medici. The following order applies to ceremonies hosted by the federal government.

This formal order of precedence was established during the military dictatorship, and hasn't been amended after the country's return to democracy in the 1980s. However, changes have informally been introduced to it, so that the de jure precedence no longer corresponds to the de facto arrangements that prevail in current practice. For instance, the head of the military cabinet, the head of the intelligence service and general officers of the Armed Forces no longer enjoy a precedence as high as is assigned to them by the 1972 Decree.

Other modifications of the order of precedence arise from the fact that certain officers, such as the Chief of Staff to the President, the Solicitor-General, etc., have been granted by law the status of Ministers of State, and so the holders of such officers now have a higher rank than they would have otherwise.

The order of precedence is only used to indicate ceremonial protocol; it does not reflect the co-equal status of the branches of government under the Constitution, and is not an actual hierarchy. The ranking of Brazilian officers in the Order of Precedence also does not reflect the place of those officers in the presidential line of succession.

The placement of Roman Catholic Cardinals in the order of precedence in spite of the Separation of Church and State in force in Brazil is justified on the grounds that they are Princes of a foreign power (the Holy See) residing in Brazil and/or holding Brazilian nationality.

Order of precedence according to the DecreeEdit

  1. The President of the Republic (Jair Bolsonaro)
  2. The Vice-President of the Republic (Hamilton Mourão)
  3. The President of the Senate (Davi Alcolumbre)
  4. The President of the Chamber of Deputies (Rodrigo Maia)
  5. The President of the Supreme Federal Court (Luiz Fux)
  6. Brazilian cardinals (José Freire Falcão, Cláudio Hummes, Geraldo Majella Agnelo, Eusébio Oscar Scheid, Odilo Pedro Scherer, Raymundo Damasceno Assis, João Braz de Aviz, Orani João Tempesta, Sérgio da Rocha)
  7. Ministers of State
  8. The Head of the Military Cabinet (Augusto Heleno)
  9. The Chief of Staff (Walter Souza Braga Netto)
  10. The Director of the Brazilian Intelligence Agency (Alexandre Ramagem)
  11. The Commanders of the Armed Forces (Lt. Brig. Raul Botelho, Adm. Ilques Barbosa Junior, Gen. Edson Leal Pujol, Brig. Antônio Carlos Moretti Bermudez)
  12. The Attorney General of Brazil (José Levi do Amaral)
  13. Foreign envoys
  14. Foreign ambassadors
  15. The President of the Superior Electoral Court (Luís Roberto Barroso)
  16. Justices of the Supreme Federal Court
  17. Prosecutor General of the Republic (Augusto Aras)
  18. Governors of State, according to creation date.
  19. The Governor of the Federal District (Ibaneis Rocha)
  20. Senators
  21. Federal Deputies
  22. Admirals of the Brazilian Navy
  23. Marshals of the Brazilian Army
  24. Marshals of the air of the Brazilian Air Force
  25. Admirals of the fleet of the Brazilian Navy
  26. Generals of the Brazilian Army
  27. Ambassadors
  28. Lt. Brigadiers of the Brazilian Air Force
  29. The President of the Superior Justice Court (Humberto Martins)
  30. The President of the Superior Military Court (Marcus Vinicius Oliveira dos Santos)
  31. The President of the Superior Labor Court (João Batista Brito Pereira)
  32. Justices of the Superior Electoral Court
  33. Chargé d'affaires of foreign countries
  34. Justices of the Superior Justice Court
  35. Justices of the Superior Military Court
  36. Justices of the Superior Labor Court
  37. Vice admirals of the Brazilian Navy
  38. Divisional generals of the Brazilian Army
  39. Major-brigadiers of the Brazilian Air Force
  40. Catholic Archbishops
  41. The President of the Justice Court of the Federal District and Territories (Romão Cícero de Oliveira)
  42. Secretaries-General of the Federal Senate and the Chamber of Deputies
  43. Prosecutors of the Republic in the States of the Union
  44. Prosecutors-General in the States of the Union
  45. Directors of the Ministries of State
  46. Deans of Federal Universities
  47. The Director of the Federal Police of Brazil (Rolando Alexandre de Souza)
  48. The President of the Central Bank of Brazil (Roberto Campos Neto)
  49. The President of the Bank of Brazil (Rubem Novaes)
  50. The President of the Brazilian Development Bank (Gustavo Montezano)
  51. The Secretary of the Federal Revenue Service (José Barroso Tostes Neto)
  52. Chairman of Federal Savings Bank (Pedro Guimarães)
  53. Mayors of cities with more than 1,000,000 of inhabitants
  54. Counter admirals of the Brazilian Navy
  55. Brigadier-Generals of the Brazilian Army
  56. Brigadiers of the Brazilian Air Force
  57. Vice Governors of the States of the Union
  58. Presidents of the Legislative Assemblies of the States of the Union
  59. Presidents of the Justice Courts of the States of the Union
  60. Chair of the Permanent Committee of the Book of the Merit
  61. Chair of the Brazilian Academy of Letters (Marco Lucchesi)
  62. Chair of the Brazilian Academy of Sciences (Luiz Davidovich)
  63. Chair of the Brazilian Academy of Press (Domingos Meirelles)
  64. Deans of State and Private Universities
  65. State Secretaries
  66. Catholic Bishops
  67. Presidents of Employers' and Workers' Confederations in national scale
  68. Directors of Central Bank of Brazil
  69. Directors of Bank of Brazil
  70. Directors of Brazilian Development Bank
  71. Captains of sea and war of the Brazilian Navy
  72. Colonels of the Brazilian Army
  73. Colonels of the Brazilian Air Force
  74. State Deputies
  75. Commanders of the Military Polices of the States of the Union
  76. Desembargadores of the Justice Courts of the States of the Union
  77. Foreign consuls
  78. Federal Judges
  79. Catholic Monsignors
  80. Frigate captains of the Brazilian Navy
  81. Lt. Colonels of the Brazilian Army
  82. Lt. Colonels of the Brazilian Air Force
  83. Presidents of Employers' and Workers' Confederations in regional or state scale
  84. Presidents of Municipal Chambers in cities with more than 500,000 inhabitants
  85. Law Judges
  86. Public Prosecutors
  87. Department Heads of Federal Universities
  88. Mayors of cities with more than 100,000 inhabitants
  89. Corvette captains of the Brazilian Navy
  90. Majors of the Brazilian Army
  91. Majors of the Brazilian Air Force
  92. Department Heads of State and Private Universities
  93. Presidents of Municipal Chambers of cities with more than 100,000 inhabitants
  94. Universities professors
  95. Other Mayors
  96. Catholic Canons
  97. Lt. Captains of the Brazilian Navy
  98. Captains of the Brazilian Army
  99. Captains of the Brazilian Air Force
  100. Presidents of other Municipal Chambers
  101. Catholic Priests
  102. Principals of High Schools
  103. City Councillors