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In physics, bottomness (symbol B′ using a prime as plain B is used already for baryon number) or beauty is a flavour quantum number reflecting the difference between the number of bottom antiquarks (n
) and the number of bottom quarks (n
) that are present in a particle:
Bottom quarks have (by convention) a bottomness of −1 while bottom antiquarks have a bottomness of +1. The convention is that the flavour quantum number sign for the quark is the same as the sign of the electric charge (symbol Q) of that quark (in this case, Q = −1⁄3).
This term is rarely used. Most physicists simply refer to "the number of bottom quarks" and "the number of bottom antiquarks".
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