Born to Run
Born to Run is the third studio album by American singer-songwriter Bruce Springsteen. As his effort to break into the mainstream, the album was a commercial success, peaking at number three on the Billboard 200 and eventually selling six million copies in the United States. Two singles were released from the album: "Born to Run" and "Tenth Avenue Freeze-Out"; the first helped Springsteen to reach mainstream popularity. The tracks "Thunder Road", "She's the One", and "Jungleland" became staples of album-oriented rock radio and Springsteen concert high points.
|Born to Run|
|Studio album by|
|Released||August 25, 1975|
|Recorded||May 1974 – July 1975|
|Studio||914 Sound Studios, Blauvelt, New York; The Record Plant, New York City|
|Producer||Bruce Springsteen, Mike Appel, Jon Landau|
|Bruce Springsteen chronology|
|Bruce Springsteen and the E Street Band chronology|
|Singles from Born to Run|
Born to Run garnered widespread acclaim when it was first released on August 25, 1975, by Columbia Records. It has since been considered by critics to be one of the greatest albums of all time. On November 14, 2005, a 30th Anniversary remaster of the album was released as a box set including two DVDs: a production diary film and a concert movie.
The album was remastered again in 2014 by veteran mastering engineer Bob Ludwig, who has worked on much of Springsteen's audio output since 1982, for release as part of The Album Collection Vol. 1 1973–1984, a boxed set composed of remastered editions of his first seven albums. It was later released in remastered form as a single disc as well.
Springsteen began work on the album in May 1974. Having been given an enormous budget in a last-ditch effort at a commercially viable record, Springsteen became bogged down in the recording process while striving for a wall of sound production. But, fed by the release of an early mix of "Born to Run" to nearly a dozen radio stations, anticipation built toward the album's release.
Springsteen has noted a progression in his songwriting compared to his previous work. Unlike Greetings from Asbury Park, N.J. and The Wild, the Innocent & the E Street Shuffle, Born to Run includes few specific references to places in New Jersey, in an attempt to make the songs more identifiable to a wider audience. Springsteen has also referred to a maturation in his lyrics, calling Born to Run "the album where I left behind my adolescent definitions of love and freedom—it was the dividing line." In addition, Springsteen spent more time in the studio refining songs than he had on the previous two albums.
All in all, the album took more than 14 months to record, with six months alone spent on the song "Born to Run" itself. During this time Springsteen battled with anger and frustration over the album, saying he heard "sounds in [his] head" that he could not explain to the others in the studio.
During the process, Springsteen brought in Jon Landau to help with production. This was the beginning of the breakup of Springsteen's relationship with producer and manager Mike Appel, after which Landau assumed both roles. The album was Springsteen's first to feature pianist Roy Bittan and drummer Max Weinberg (although David Sancious and Ernest "Boom" Carter played the piano and drums, respectively, on the title track, which was finished August 1974, before they left the band).
The album is noted for its use of introductions to set the tone of each song (all of the record was composed on piano, not guitar), and for the Phil Spector-like "Wall of Sound" arrangements and production. Springsteen has said that he wanted Born to Run to sound like "Roy Orbison singing Bob Dylan, produced by Spector." Most of the tracks were first recorded with a core rhythm section band comprising Springsteen, Weinberg, Bittan, and bassist Garry Tallent, with other members' contributions then added on.
In terms of the original LP's sequencing, Springsteen eventually adopted a "four corners" approach, as the songs beginning each side ("Thunder Road", "Born to Run") were uplifting odes to escape, while the songs ending each side ("Backstreets", "Jungleland") were sad epics of loss, betrayal, and defeat. (Originally, he had planned to begin and end the album with alternative versions of "Thunder Road".)
A few original pressings have "Meeting Across the River" billed as "The Heist", and the original album cover has the title handwritten with a broad-nib pen. These copies, known as the "script cover," are very rare and considered to be the "holy grail" for Springsteen collectors.
Marketing and salesEdit
The album's release was accompanied by a $250,000 promotional campaign by Columbia, directed at both consumers and the music industry, making good use of Landau's "I saw rock and roll future and its name is Bruce Springsteen" quote. With much publicity, Born to Run vaulted into the top 10 in its second week on the charts and soon went Gold. Time and Newsweek magazines put Springsteen on the cover in the same week (October 27, 1975) – in Time, Jay Cocks praised Springsteen, while the Newsweek article took a cynical look at the "next Dylan" hype that haunted Springsteen until his breakthrough. The question of hype became a story in itself, as critics began wondering if Springsteen was for real or the product of record company promotion.
Upset with Columbia's promotion department, Springsteen said the decision to label him as the "future of rock was a very big mistake and I would like to strangle the guy who thought that up." When Springsteen arrived for his first UK concert at the Hammersmith Odeon, he personally tore down the "Finally the world is ready for Bruce Springsteen" posters in the lobby and ordered that the buttons with "I have seen the future of rock 'n' roll at the Hammersmith Odeon" printed on them not be given out. When the hype died down, sales tapered off and the album was off the chart after 29 weeks. However, the album had established a solid national fan base for Springsteen, which he would build on with each subsequent release.
The album first charted at number 84 on the Billboard album chart in the week of September 13, 1975. The following week, it made an impressive increase, entering the top 10 at No. 8, then spent two weeks at No. 4, and finally, during the weeks of October 11 and 18, Born to Run reached its peak position of No. 3. Born to Run continued to be a strong catalog seller through the years, re-entering the Billboard chart in late 1980 after The River was released, and again after the blockbuster success of Born in the U.S.A., spending most of 1985 on the chart. It was certified triple-platinum by the Recording Industry Association of America in 1986, the first year in which pre-1976 releases were eligible for platinum and multi-platinum awards. Columbia first issued the album on CD in Japan in 1982, and in the US in 1984. It has since been reissued several times, including on vinyl. Several limited edition versions on 12-inch vinyl have been released, including a CBS half-speed master version in 1980 as part of its Mastersound audiophile series, a 1999 QUIEX vinyl LP edition, and a 180g vinyl LP edition, from the same masters used for the 2014 boxed set, was issued in May 2015 in conjunction with Record Store Day.
|Christgau's Record Guide||A|
|Encyclopedia of Popular Music|||
|The Great Rock Discography||9/10|
|The Rolling Stone Album Guide|||
|Tom Hull – on the Web||B+|
Born to Run received highly positive reviews from critics. In a rave review for Rolling Stone magazine, Greil Marcus wrote that Springsteen enhances romanticized American themes with his majestic sound, ideal style of rock and roll, evocative lyrics, and an impassioned delivery that defines what is a "magnificent" album: "It is the drama that counts; the stories Springsteen is telling are nothing new, though no one has ever told them better or made them matter more." John Rockwell, writing in The New York Times, said that the "solidly rock 'n' roll" album is more diverse than Springsteen's previous albums, while his detailed lyrics retain a universal quality that transcends the sources and myths he drew upon. Robert Christgau of The Village Voice felt that he condenses a significant amount of American myth into songs, mostly centered on taking a lover for a joyride, and often succeeds in spite of his tendency for histrionics and "pseudotragic beautiful loser fatalism": "Springsteen may well turn out to be one of those rare self-conscious primitives who get away with it." Langdon Winner was less enthusiastic in his review for The Real Paper and argued that, because Springsteen consciously adheres to traditions and standards extolled in rock criticism, Born to Run is "the complete monument to rock and roll orthodoxy".
Born to Run was voted the third best album of 1975 in the Pazz & Jop, an annual critics poll run by The Village Voice. Christgau, the poll's creator, ranked it 12th on his own year-end list. He later wrote that its major flaw was its pompous declaration of greatness, typified by elements such as the "wall-of-sound, white-soul-at-the-opera-house" aesthetic and an "unresolved quest narrative". Nonetheless, he maintained the record was important for how "its class-conscious songcraft provided a relief from the emptier pretensions of late-hippie arena-rock." On the other hand, AllMusic's William Ruhlmann contended that although "some thought it took itself too seriously, many found that exalting."
According to Acclaimed Music, it is the 17th most celebrated album in popular music history. In 1987, it was ranked No. 8 by Rolling Stone in its "100 Best Albums of the Last Twenty Years" and in 2003, the magazine ranked it 18th on its list of The 500 Greatest Albums of All Time, maintaining the rating in a 2012 revised list. In 2001, the TV network VH1 named it the 27th-greatest album of all time, and in 2003, it was ranked as the most popular album in the first Zagat Survey Music Guide. The album was also included in the book 1001 Albums You Must Hear Before You Die. It was voted number 20 in the third edition of Colin Larkin's All Time Top 1000 Albums (2000). Born to Run was also listed in the Library of Congress' National Recording Registry of historic recordings. In December 2005, U.S. Representative Frank Pallone (who represents Asbury Park) and 21 co-sponsors sponsored H.Res. 628, "Congratulating Bruce Springsteen of New Jersey on the 30th anniversary of his masterpiece record album 'Born to Run', and commending him on a career that has touched the lives of millions of Americans." In general, resolutions honoring native sons are passed with a simple voice vote. This bill, however, was referred to the House Committee on Education and the Workforce and died there.
Songs from Born to Run were performed live as early as mid-1974, and by 1975, all had made their way into Springsteen's shows and (with the rare exception of "Meeting Across the River") continued to be a regular staple of his concerts on subsequent tours through 2018. Springsteen and the E Street Band performed Born to Run in its entirety and for the first time at a benefit performance at the Count Basie Theatre in Red Bank, New Jersey, on May 7, 2008. It was again performed during their September 20, 2009, show at the United Center in Chicago, Illinois, as well as several other shows on the fall 2009 leg of the Working on a Dream Tour. During the 2013 spring-summer run of his Wrecking Ball Tour, Springsteen again began to perform the album in its entirety although a few times its performance was not included in the actual set lists and it was performed as either a surprise or request.
On June 20, 2013, the full album was performed at the Ricoh Arena, the home of Coventry City F.C. in Coventry, England, and dedicated to the memory of actor James Gandolfini, who died of a heart attack the previous day. On March 2, 2014, the full album was performed at Mt Smart Arena in Auckland, New Zealand for 40,000 fans.
The cover art of Born to Run is one of rock music's most recognizable images. It was taken by Eric Meola, who shot 900 frames in his three-hour session. These photos have been compiled in Born to Run: The Unseen Photos.
The photo shows Springsteen holding a Fender Telecaster with an Esquire neck, while leaning against saxophonist Clarence Clemons. That image became famous as the cover art. "Other things happened," says Meola, "but when we saw the contact sheets, that one just sort of popped. During the Born to Run tours, Springsteen and Clemons would occasionally duplicate the pose onstage for several seconds after a song while the stage lights were dim. As soon as the audience recognized and responded to what they were doing, they immediately broke the pose.
The Springsteen and Clemons cover pose has been imitated often, from Cheap Trick on the album Next Position Please, to Tom and Ray Magliozzi on the cover of the Car Talk compilation Born Not to Run: More Disrespectful Car Songs, to Kevin & Kell on a Sunday strip entitled "Born to Migrate" featuring Kevin Dewclaw as Springsteen with a carrot and Kell Dewclaw as Clemons with a pile of bones, to Bert and the Cookie Monster on the cover of the Sesame Street album Born to Add. The Spanish band, Los Secretos, on the album, Algo Prestado in 2015.
30th Anniversary Edition and Album Collection releases Edit
On November 14, 2005, Columbia Records released Born to Run 30th Anniversary Edition in box set form. The package included a remastered CD version of the original album. "Born to Run is the one I've remastered several times; most recently for the box set..." recalled Bob Ludwig. "That's the one that Bruce told me sounded closest to the way he'd imagined it in his head, which is the ultimate compliment."
The CD is all black (including playback side), with the label side replicating the original vinyl disc, having four bands (the original LP had four tracks per side), and including a modified red Columbia label listing all eight tracks. The DVD included Wings for Wheels, a lengthy documentary on the making of the album, which later won the 2007 Grammy Award for Best Long Form Music Video, with bonus film of three songs recorded live on May 1, 1973 at the Ahmanson Theatre in Los Angeles. The DVD also included Bruce Springsteen & The E Street Band Hammersmith Odeon, London '75, a full-length concert film recorded on November 18, 1975 at the Hammersmith Odeon in London during the brief European portion of their Born to Run tours. This live recording was subsequently released as the CD Hammersmith Odeon London '75. Packages from retailer Best Buy also included a CD single replica of the original "Born to Run" 45 single.
In November 2014, Columbia Records/Legacy Recordings released The Album Collection Vol. 1 1973–1984, a boxed set composed of remastered editions of Springsteen's first seven albums recorded and released for Columbia Records between 1973 and 1984. Born to Run was one of those seven titles that were released individually on CD, with artwork true to the original LP packaging. Columbia also released it in single CD form in June 2015.
All tracks are written by Bruce Springsteen.
|2.||"Tenth Avenue Freeze-Out"||3:11|
|1.||"Born to Run"||4:31|
|2.||"She's the One"||4:30|
|3.||"Meeting Across the River"||3:18|
There are currently seven known outtakes from the album:
- "Linda Let Me Be The One"
- "Lonely Night in the Park"
- "A Love So Fine"
- "A Night Like This"
- "Janey Needs a Shooter"
- "Lovers in The Cold"
- "So Young and in Love"
Two of those seven, "Linda Let Me Be the One" and "So Young and in Love" were released on the Tracks box set. Rough mixes of the unreleased songs "Lovers In The Cold" (Walking in the Street) and "Lonely Night in the Park" surfaced in 2005, when they made their debut on E Street Radio. "Lovers In The Cold'" originally contained the closing musical figure that became the anthemic ending to "Thunder Road". The album sequence as of July 2, 1975 included "Linda Let Me Be the One" and "Lonely Night in the Park", and deleted "Born to Run". However, Mike Appel had a personal talk with Springsteen, and on July 7, 1975, an amended final sequence was issued with the released tracklist. "Janey Needs a Shooter" would later be re-worked during other album sessions, and at one point, it was given to Warren Zevon to record.
Adapted from the AllMusic credit notes.
- Bruce Springsteen – lead vocals, producer, lead and rhythm guitars, harmonica, percussion
- Roy Bittan – piano, Fender Rhodes, Hammond organ, harpsichord, glockenspiel, background vocals on all tracks except "Born to Run"
- Clarence Clemons – saxophone, tambourine, background vocals
- Danny Federici – Hammond organ, glockenspiel on "Born to Run"
- Garry Tallent – bass guitar
- Max Weinberg – drums on all tracks except "Born to Run"
- Steven Van Zandt – guitar, background vocals, horn arrangements, alto horn
- Ernest Carter – drums on "Born to Run"
- David Sancious – piano, organ on "Born to Run"
- Suki Lahav – violin on "Jungleland"
- Wayne Andre – trombone
- Mike Appel – background vocals
- Michael Brecker – tenor saxophone
- Randy Brecker – trumpet, flugelhorn
- Richard Davis – double bass on "Meeting Across The River"
- David Sanborn – baritone saxophone
- Charles Calello – conductor, string arrangements
- Jon Landau – producer
- Mike Appel – producer
- Greg Calbi – mastering
- Bob Ludwig – remastering
- Andy Abrams – engineer
- Angie Arcuri – engineer
- Ricky Delena – engineer
- Jimmy Iovine – engineer
- Louis Lahav – engineer
- Thom Panunzio – engineer
- Corky Stasiak – engineer
- David Thoener – engineer
- John Berg – album design
- Andy Engel – album design
- Eric Meola – photography
|Australia (Kent Music Report)||7|
|United Kingdom (Official Charts Company )||36|
|United States (Billboard 200)||3|
|United States (Billboard 200)||18|
|1975||"Born to Run"||US Billboard Hot 100||23|
|1975||"Born to Run"||US Cash Box Top 100 Singles||17|
|1976||"Tenth Avenue Freeze-Out"||US Billboard Hot 100||83|
|1976||"Tenth Avenue Freeze-Out"||US Cash Box Top 100 Singles||63|
|Australia (ARIA)||2× Platinum||140,000^|
|Canada (Music Canada)||2× Platinum||200,000^|
|New Zealand (RMNZ)||Platinum||15,000^|
|United Kingdom (BPI)||Platinum||300,000^|
|United States (RIAA)||6× Platinum||6,000,000^|
*sales figures based on certification alone
- Regev, Motti (2013). Pop-Rock Music: Aesthetic Cosmopolitanism in Late Modernity. Polity. p. 67. ISBN 978-0745661735.
- Levin, Trevor L.; Litwin, Edward M. "'Darkness on the Edge of Town': The Sound of Authenticity". The Harvard Crimson. Retrieved August 22, 2019.
- "Backstreets.com: Bob Ludwig on 'Bruce Springsteen: The Album Collection Vol. 1 1973–1984'". Archived from the original on September 9, 2015.
- Thomas, Lou. "BBC – Music – Review of Bruce Springsteen – Born To Run". Archived from the original on October 19, 2016. Retrieved November 8, 2016.
- Masur, Louis P. (August 31, 2010). Runaway Dream: Born to Run and Bruce Springsteen's American Vision. Bloomsbury Publishing USA. p. 48. Retrieved November 8, 2016.
1975 born to run anticipation.
- Richardson, Mark (November 18, 2005). "Bruce Springsteen Born to Run: 30th Anniversary Edition > Review". Pitchfork. Retrieved June 1, 2006.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on March 15, 2017. Retrieved June 19, 2017.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on March 16, 2017. Retrieved June 19, 2017.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
- Born to Run album credits (1975)
- Fricke, David (January 21, 2009). "The Band on Bruce: Their Springsteen". rollingstone.com. Archived from the original on April 1, 2009. Retrieved February 7, 2009.
- Kirkpatrick, Rob (January 1, 2007). The Words and Music of Bruce Springsteen. Greenwood Publishing Group. ISBN 9780275989385. Retrieved November 8, 2016.
- Kaye, Jessica; Brewer, Richard (December 4, 2008). Meeting Across the River. Bloomsbury Publishing USA. ISBN 9781596918290. Retrieved November 8, 2016.
- Edwards, Henry. "If There Hadn't Been a Bruce Springsteen, Then the Critics Would Have Made Him Up; The Invention Of Bruce Springsteen" New York Times October 5, 1975: 125
- Rockwell, John. "The Pop Life; 'Hype' and the Springsteen Case" New York Times October 24, 1975: 34
- "Random Notes" Rolling Stone January 1, 1976: 21
- Clarke, Donald. The Penguin Encyclopedia of Popular Music (1990): 1109
- "Bruce Springsteen Bio | Bruce Springsteen Career". MTV Artists. Archived from the original on November 8, 2016. Retrieved November 8, 2016.
- "Top LPs & Tape" Billboard September 13, 1975: 72
- "Bruce Springsteen – Chart history | Billboard". www.billboard.com. Retrieved November 8, 2016.
- "Top LPs & Tape" Billboard November 15, 1980: 99
- "Top 200 Albums" Billboard December 22, 1984: 81
- "Top Pop Albums" Billboard December 28, 1985: 89
- "CBS Gets Pre-1976 Certs" Billboard December 13, 1986: 67
- Ruhlmann, William. Born to Run at AllMusic. Retrieved July 8, 2004.
- Kot, Greg (August 23, 1992). "The Recorded History of Springsteen". Chicago Tribune. Archived from the original on December 3, 2013. Retrieved July 8, 2013.
- Christgau, Robert (1981). "Consumer Guide '70s: S". Christgau's Record Guide: Rock Albums of the Seventies. Ticknor & Fields. ISBN 089919026X. Retrieved March 13, 2019 – via robertchristgau.com.
- Larkin, Colin (2011). "Bruce Springsteen". Encyclopedia of Popular Music (5th ed.). Omnibus Press. ISBN 978-0857125958.
- "Born to Run ranked 17th greatest album". Acclaimed Music. Retrieved August 9, 2020.
- Graff, Gary (1996). "Bruce Springsteen". In Graff, Gary (ed.). MusicHound Rock: The Essential Album Guide. Detroit: Visible Ink Press. ISBN 0787610372.
- Williams, Richard (December 1989). "All or Nothing: The Springsteen back catalogue". Q. p. 149.
- Sheffield, Rob (2004). "Bruce Springsteen". In Brackett, Nathan; Hoard, Christian (eds.). The New Rolling Stone Album Guide. London: Fireside. pp. 771–773. ISBN 0-7432-0169-8. Portions posted at "Bruce Springsteen > Album Guide". rollingstone.com. Archived from the original on October 18, 2011. Retrieved February 21, 2011.
- Freeman, Channing (June 22, 2011). "Bruce Springsteen Born To Run > Staff Review". sputnikmusic. Retrieved June 29, 2011.
- Hull, Tom (October 29, 2016). "Streamnotes (October 2016)". Tom Hull – on the Web. Retrieved July 2, 2020.
- Masur, Louis P. (August 21, 2005). "The long run with Springsteen". Chicago Tribune. Archived from the original on July 14, 2014. Retrieved July 8, 2014.
- Marcus, Greil (October 9, 1975). "Born to Run". Rolling Stone. New York. Archived from the original on July 23, 2014. Retrieved July 8, 2014.
- Rockwell, John (August 29, 1975). "Springsteen's Rock Poetry at Its Best". The New York Times. p. 11.
- Christgau, Robert (September 22, 1975). "Christgau's Consumer Guide". The Village Voice. New York. Archived from the original on May 25, 2014. Retrieved July 8, 2014.
- Christgau, Robert (January 26, 1976). "Yes, There Is a Rock-Critic Establishment (But Is That Bad for Rock?)". The Village Voice. New York. Archived from the original on March 25, 2014. Retrieved July 8, 2014.
- "The 1975 Pazz & Jop Critics Poll". The Village Voice. New York. Archived from the original on October 15, 2014. Retrieved July 8, 2014.
- Christgau, Robert (December 29, 1975). "It's Been a Soft Year for Hard Rock". The Village Voice. New York. Archived from the original on October 15, 2014. Retrieved July 8, 2014.
- Christgau, Robert (January–February 2006). "Re-Run: Bruce Springsteen Born to Run (30th Anniversary Edition)". Blender. Posted at "Re-Run". robertchristgau.com. Robert Christgau. Archived from the original on November 5, 2011. Retrieved October 29, 2011.
- DeCurtis, Anthony; M. Coleman (August 27, 1987). "The Best 100 Albums of the Last Twenty Years". Rolling Stone (507). p. 45.
- Levy, Joe; Steven Van Zandt (2006) . "18 | Born to Run – Bruce Springsteen". Rolling Stone's 500 Greatest Albums of All Time (3rd ed.). London: Turnaround. ISBN 1-932958-61-4. OCLC 70672814.
- "500 Greatest Albums of All Time". Rolling Stone. 2012. Retrieved September 23, 2019.
- "The Greatest: 100 Greatest Albums of Rock & Roll". The Greatest. VH1. Archived from the original on October 1, 2007. Retrieved January 31, 2007.
- Barry A. Jeckell (September 23, 2003). "Born To Run' Tops Zagat Music Survey". Billboard. Retrieved January 31, 2007.
- Robert Dimery; Michael Lydon (February 7, 2006). 1001 Albums You Must Hear Before You Die: Revised and Updated Edition. Universe. ISBN 0-7893-1371-5.
- Colin Larkin (2006). All Time Top 1000 Albums (3rd ed.). Virgin Books. p. 43. ISBN 0-7535-0493-6.
- "Librarian of Congress Names 50 New Recordings to the National Recording Registry". The Library Today. The Library of Congress. March 19, 2004. Archived from the original on February 5, 2007. Retrieved January 31, 2007.
- Senate Shows the Boss Who's Boss Archived June 11, 2008, at the Wayback Machine
- "Bruce Springsteen Performs Two Full LPs at Rare Theater Show". Rolling Stone. Archived from the original on November 8, 2016. Retrieved November 8, 2016.
- Greene, Andy (July 28, 2009). "Bruce Springsteen Playing All of 'Born to Run' in Chicago". rollingstone.com. Archived from the original on December 23, 2011. Retrieved October 28, 2011.
- "Bruce Springsteen & the E Street Band announce hiatus". Consequence of Sound. September 16, 2009. Archived from the original on September 12, 2013. Retrieved November 8, 2016.
- "Bruce Springsteen's Wrecking Ball tour: Stats and tidbits as European leg ends". NJ.com. Archived from the original on November 8, 2016. Retrieved November 8, 2016.
- "Bruce Springsteen Dedicates 'Born to Run' to James Gandolfini Onstage". RollingStone. June 21, 2013. Archived from the original on June 24, 2013. Retrieved June 21, 2013.
- "insighteditions – Born to Run". insighteditions.com. Archived from the original on December 23, 2008. Retrieved June 24, 2008.
- "Bruce Springsteen on the Stratocaster". Archived from the original on February 20, 2014.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on November 29, 2016. Retrieved June 19, 2017.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
- www.los-secretos Archived August 10, 2015, at the Wayback Machine
- "Born to Run: 30th Anniversary Edition - EW.com". Archived from the original on February 22, 2014.
- Clarke, Betty (November 17, 2005). "Bruce Springsteen, Born to Run – 30th Anniversary Edition". Archived from the original on February 1, 2017 – via The Guardian.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on May 10, 2012. Retrieved February 17, 2014.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
- "Bruce Springsteen: Born to Run: 30th Anniversary Edition | Album Reviews". Pitchfork. November 18, 2005. Archived from the original on January 26, 2014. Retrieved January 25, 2014.
- Gill, Andy: "Q&A", Uncut, January 2015, p85
- Waddell, Ray (January 23, 2009). "Bruce Springsteen Prepping 'Darkness' Reissue". Billboard. Archived from the original on July 8, 2014. Retrieved January 23, 2009.
- Heylin, Clinton (2012). Springsteen Song by Song A Critical Look. New York: Viking Penguin.
- "Brucebase – Born To Run – Studio Sessions".
- "Born to Run – Bruce Springsteen | Credits | AllMusic". AllMusic. Archived from the original on November 8, 2016.
- Kent, David (1993). Australian Chart Book 1970–1992 (illustrated ed.). St Ives, N.S.W.: Australian Chart Book. p. 289. ISBN 0-646-11917-6.
- "Bruce Springsteen | full Official Chart History | Official Charts Company". www.officialcharts.com. Archived from the original on October 9, 2016.
- "Bruce Springsteen – Chart history | Billboard". www.billboard.com. Archived from the original on November 25, 2016. Retrieved November 8, 2016.
- Sullivan, Steve (October 4, 2013). Encyclopedia of Great Popular Song Recordings. Scarecrow Press. ISBN 9780810882966. Retrieved November 8, 2016.
- "U.S. Cash Box Charts 1970s". docplayer.net. Archived from the original on November 8, 2016. Retrieved November 8, 2016.
- "ARIA Charts – Accreditations – 2008 Albums". Australian Recording Industry Association. Archived from the original on August 10, 2020. Retrieved April 4, 2012.
- "Canadian album certifications – Bruce Springsteen – Born to Run". Music Canada. Retrieved April 4, 2012.
- "Irish album certifications – Bruce Springsteen – Born to Run". Irish Recorded Music Association. Retrieved February 28, 2020.
- "Italian album certifications – Bruce Springsteen – Born to Run" (in Italian). Federazione Industria Musicale Italiana. Retrieved December 28, 2016. Select "2016" in the "Anno" drop-down menu. Select "Born to Run" in the "Filtra" field. Select "Album e Compilation" under "Sezione".
- "Overzicht Goud/Platina Audio – NVPI". www.nvpi.nl. Archived from the original on February 12, 2012.
- "Dutch album certifications – Bruce Springsteen – Born to Run" (in Dutch). Nederlandse Vereniging van Producenten en Importeurs van beeld- en geluidsdragers. Retrieved April 4, 2012. Enter Born to Run in the "Artiest of titel" box.
- Scapolo, Dean (2007). The Complete New Zealand Music Charts 1966–2006. Recording Industry Association of New Zealand. ISBN 978-1-877443-00-8.
- "British album certifications – Bruce Springsteen – Born to Run". British Phonographic Industry. Select albums in the Format field. Select Platinum in the Certification field. Type Born to Run in the "Search BPI Awards" field and then press Enter.
- "American album certifications – Bruce Springsteen – Born to Run". Recording Industry Association of America. If necessary, click Advanced, then click Format, then select Album, then click SEARCH.