Borken is a town and the capital of the district of the same name, in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany.

Borken
Coat of arms of Borken
Coat of arms
Location of Borken within Borken district
Borken (district)North Rhine-WestphaliaKleve (district)Wesel (district)Coesfeld (district)Coesfeld (district)Lower SaxonySteinfurt (district)NetherlandsRaesfeldHeidenRhedeBocholtBorkenRekenVelenStadtlohnHeekAhausGescherLegdenSchöppingenGronauVredenSüdlohnIsselburgBorken in BOR.svg
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Borken is located in Germany
Borken
Borken
Borken is located in North Rhine-Westphalia
Borken
Borken
Coordinates: 51°50′N 6°52′E / 51.833°N 6.867°E / 51.833; 6.867Coordinates: 51°50′N 6°52′E / 51.833°N 6.867°E / 51.833; 6.867
CountryGermany
StateNorth Rhine-Westphalia
Admin. regionMünster
DistrictBorken
Subdivisions12
Government
 • MayorMechtild Schulze-Hessing (CDU)
Area
 • Total152.6 km2 (58.9 sq mi)
Population
 (2018-12-31)[1]
 • Total42,530
 • Density280/km2 (720/sq mi)
Time zoneCET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes
46325
Dialling codes02861
Vehicle registrationBOR

GeographyEdit

Borken is situated 10 km east of the Dutch border. Borken station is the northern terminus on the remaining section of the Gelsenkirchen-Bismarck–Winterswijk railway.

Neighbouring placesEdit

Division of the townEdit

Borken consists of 12 districts:

  • Borken
  • Borkenwirthe/Burlo
  • Gemen
  • Grütlohn
  • Gemenwirthe
  • Gemenkrückling
  • Hoxfeld
  • Hovesath
  • Marbeck
  • Rhedebrügge
  • Weseke
  • Westenborken

The 10 largest groups of foreign residents by 31.12.2018 :

  Poland 627
  Syria 408
  Netherlands 262
  Romania 154
  Turkey 145
  Portugal 121
  Serbia 118
  Iraq 110
  Croatia 85
  Kosovo 79

HistoryEdit

The name comes from the German word "Burg" or "Burk" and gradually changed to "Burke", then "Burken" and finally to "Borken". Around the year 800 the village was being used by Charles The Great (Charlemagne) as a stopover place on his travels. In 1226 City rights were granted by Bishop Dietrich II of Isenberg-Limburg. Fortification of the city with walls and towers was first noted in 1391.

In the last years of the Holy Roman Empire (1803–06) it was the capital of the short-lived principality of Salm. From 1810 to 1814 it was part of the French Empire. In 1815 Borken came under the jurisdiction of the Prussian Province of Westphalia. At the same time it became the seat of government for the newly formed district or county of Borken (Kreis Borken). Between 1880 and 1905 the area experienced the building of railroad connections: (1880 Wanne-Borken-Winterswijk line, 1901 Empel-Bocholt-Borken and Borken-Burgsteinfurt, 1905 Borken-Coesfeld-Münster).

Near the end of World War Two the historic center of the city was heavily destroyed. After the war, community rearrangements followed in 1969, including annexation of Gemen and other towns in the vicinity. Between 1975 and 1978 came the cleaning up and rebuilding of the southern part of the old city. There, buildings which had outlasted the destruction of the Second World War were finally demolished. In 2001 Borken celebrated its 775th anniversary.

GalleryEdit

AffiliationsEdit

Borken is twinned with the following towns:

Born in BorkenEdit

Connected with BorkenEdit

 
Leonide Massine in 1914

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Bevölkerung der Gemeinden Nordrhein-Westfalens am 31. Dezember 2018" (in German). Landesbetrieb Information und Technik NRW. Retrieved 10 July 2019.

External linksEdit