Boris Gromov

Boris Vsevolodovich Gromov (Russian: Бори́с Все́володович Гро́мов; born 7 November 1943 in Saratov, Russia) is a prominent Russian military and political figure. From 2000 to 2012, he was the Governor of Moscow Oblast.

Boris Vsevolodovich Gromov
Gromov boris 8.06.2010.jpg
Boris Gromov as governor in 2010
Born (1943-11-07) 7 November 1943 (age 77)
Saratov, Russian SFSR, Soviet Union
Allegiance Soviet Union (1962–1991)
 Russia (1991–1994)
Service/branchSoviet Army, Russian Ground Forces
Years of service1962–1994
RankColonel General
Commands held40th Army, Kyiv Military District
Battles/warsSoviet–Afghan War
AwardsHero of the Soviet Union
SignatureCol. Gen. Boris Gromov signature.png


He graduated from a Suvorov military cadet school, the Leningrad Military Commanders School and later from the Frunze Military Academy in Moscow, as well as the General Staff Academy.

During the Soviet–Afghan War, Gromov did three tours of duty (1980–1982, 1985–1986, 1987–1989), and was best known for the two years as the last Commander of the 40th Army in Afghanistan. Gromov was the last Soviet soldier to leave Afghanistan, crossing on foot the Friendship Bridge spanning the Amu-Daria river on 15 February 1989, the day the Soviet pullout from Afghanistan was completed. He received the highest military award – the golden star of the Hero of the Soviet Union after Operation Magistral had lifted the siege of the city of Khost in eastern Afghanistan.

After the Afghan War, he was chosen as a candidate for Vice President by the Communist Party in the Russian presidential election of 1991 (the candidate for President was former Premier Nikolai Ryzhkov). He served as First Deputy Defence Minister of the Russian Federation. In 1994, Gromov retired from the Russian Armed Forces, and was soon appointed deputy Interior Minister. He was elected, in 1995, to the State Duma, lower house of the Russian parliament. In January 2000, he was elected governor of the Moscow region and re-elected in December 2003.

Honours and awardsEdit

Gromov, then a colonel general, announces withdrawal of Soviet army from Afghanistan in 1989

See alsoEdit

External linksEdit

Political offices
Preceded by
Anatoliy Tyazhlov
Governor of Moscow Oblast
Succeeded by
Sergey Shoygu