Bobby Charles Wilks (May 12, 1931 – July 13, 2009), was an American Coast Guard aviator. He was the first African American Coast Guard aviator and the first African American to reach the rank of Coast Guard captain. Captain Wilks, who also was the first African American to command a Coast Guard air station, was involved in a number of air-sea rescues around the world. He received the Air Medal for his actions on the night of December 9, 1971, while piloting his helicopter over the Pacific Ocean.
Early life and educationEdit
Wilks was born May 12, 1931, in St. Louis, Missouri. He attended Stowe Teachers College (now Harris-Stowe State University) in St. Louis for two years, and then he was accepted into the Naval Academy at Annapolis. He attended the Academy 1950–51 and then returned to Stowe, where he received his undergraduate degree. He later was awarded a master's degree in education from St. Louis University in 1954.
Coast Guard careerEdit
Bobby Wilks joined the Coast Guard Reserve in 1955 and received his commission at Officer Candidate School in New London. He was accepted to flight school and subsequently served in San Francisco, the Philippines, Brooklyn, New York, and other duty stations. He attended flight school at Pensacola and received further training at Naval Air Station Corpus Christi from 1956 to 1957, earning his wings on 25 March 1957. He was designated as Coast Guard Aviator Number 735. He qualified for helicopters in 1959 and became Coast Guard Helicopter Pilot Number 343. He transferred to the Regular Coast Guard in 1960 with the permanent rank of Lieutenant.
Captain Wilks saw distinguished service at many Coast Guard Air Stations during his career, including oversea tours of duty at Coast Guard Air Detachment Sangley Point, Philippines and at Naples, Italy. He participated in many search-and-rescue cases, including one in which he earned the Air Medal. He was promoted to the rank of Captain in 1977 and two years later assumed the command of Coast Guard Air Station Brooklyn.
Captain Wilks retired from the Coast Guard in 1986 with over 6,000 flight hours in 21 different types of aircraft. During his career he established a number of "firsts", including:
- First African American aviator in the Coast Guard
- First African American Coast Guardsman to make the rank of Captain
- First African American Coast Guardsman to command an Air Station
Another of his important contributions to the Coast Guard was his service as a mentor for younger African-American Coast Guardsmen, many of whom have noted the positive impact Captain Wilks had on their careers.
- Greene, Robert Ewell (1974). Black defenders of America. Johnson Pub. Co. pp. 297. ISBN 0-87485-053-3.
- Joe Holley (July 24, 2009). "Coast Guard's First Black Aviator". The Washington Post. Retrieved 2010-03-03.
- "Capt. Bobby Wilks has died, was Coast Guard aviator". St. Louis Post-Dispatch. 2009-07-23. Retrieved 2009-07-24.[permanent dead link]
- "Bobby C. Wilks (official biography)". United States Coast Guard. 2009. Retrieved 2010-03-03.
- "090929-G-6722B-003 - Capt. Bobby C. Wilks inurnment". United States Coast Guard. 2009-09-29. Archived from the original on 2012-12-12. Retrieved 2010-03-03.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Bobby Wilks.|
- Captain Bobby Wilks – A historically significant aviator remembered as inspiration — Coast Guard News
- Historically significant aviator remembered as inspiration — U.S. Coast Guard
- Bobby Wilks at Find a Grave
This article incorporates public domain material from the United States Coast Guard website http://www.uscg.mil/history/people/WilksBobbyCaptBio.asp.