The Blinde Rot, also called the Adelmannsfelder Rot, is a river in the Ellwangen Hills in the north of the German state of Baden-Württemberg, that rises in the municipality Frankenhardt and discharges into the Kocher in the municipality of Abtsgmünd.
Blinde Rot near Bühlerzell
The course of the Blinde Rot
|• location||Near Vorderuhlberg, Frankenhardt municipality|
|• elevation||c. 503 metres (1,650 ft)|
|Kocher, near Schäufele, Abtsgmünd municipality|
|c. 363 metres (1,191 ft)|
|Length||28.5 kilometres (17.7 mi) |
|Basin size||60.7 km2 (23.4 sq mi)|
|Progression||Kocher→ Neckar→ Rhine→ North Sea|
The Blinde Rot rises on the gravel sandstone plateau on the northern foothills of the Ellwangen Hills, flows shortly thereafter through the lake of Fleckenbachsee and then meanders southwards through river meadows, before swinging abruptly west in front of the Hornberg hill, about 2 km before emptying into the Kocher near Schäufele.
The whole length of its valley lies on the Middle Keuper rocks. Its neighbouring rivers, which run through valleys roughly parallel to the Blinde Rot to the west as east, the Bühler and the Jagst, both flow in the opposite direction, i.e. to the north.
The tributaries of the Blinde Rot from source to mouth are:
(m above sea level)
|Confluence location||Source / course|
|Kohlenbach||0.6||right||486||southwest of Frankenhardt-Ipshof||from the eastern Schäfer, ends in the Fleckenbachsee|
|Kaltenbach||2.2||right||469||after the pond of Betzenweiher at Rosenberg-Betzenhof||from the western Schäfer|
|Forellenbach||1.9||right||467||between Rosenberg and Betzenhof-Zollhof||from the Strut|
|Höllholzbach||1.1||right||461||opposite Rosenberg-Zollhof||flows through the Brunnenklinge|
|Eisenbach||1.7||left||459||south of Rosenberg-Zollhof||from the Eisennagel|
|Kaltenbach||1.2||left||456||opposite Rosenberg-Uhlenhof||from Birkhof|
|Neumüllerswaldbach||0.8||left||451||opposite the southern edge of Rosenberg-Ludwigsmühle||from northern Vogelbuck|
|Vogelkingenbach||1.1||left||449||below and opposite Rosenberg-Ludwigsmühle||from southern Vogelbuck|
|Stream through the Wolfsklinge||1.3||right||448||400 m SSW of Rosenberg- Ludwigsmühle||from the west bend in the K 2628 road|
|Stream through the Wolfsklinge||0.7||left||442||southwest of the Old Castle|
|Fuchsbach||1.6||left||439||flows through the Fuchsklinge|
|Dollesbach||2.6||right||438||from Bühlerzell-Kammerstadt, flows through the lake of Treibsee|
|Einsiedelsbach or perhaps the Einsiedelbach||2.1||left||435||at the sign where the 49th latitude and 10th longitude intersect||from Rosenberg-Hohenberg|
|Stream through the Höfelesklinge||1.0||right||430||400 m NNE of Bühlerzell-Röhmen|
|Stadelsbach||4.1||left||425||at Bühlerzell's Röhmen saw mill||from Rosenberg-Zumholz|
|Heidenfeldbach||0.8||right||425||east of Bühlerzell-Grafenhof at the sewage farm|
|Buchweiherbach||0.9||right||417||southeast of Adelmannsfelden-Mittelwald||Outflow of 0.8 hectare pond of Buchenweiher at Adelmannsfelden-Mittelwald|
|Waldbach||2.4||left||415||east opposite the Adelmannsfelden-Vorderwald Sommerhalde||from Rosenberg-Hinterbrand|
|Geißbach||1.9||left||412||opposite Vorderwald along the municipal boundary from Adelmannsfelden to Neuler at a track bridge over the Blinde Rot||Source region south of Rosenberg-Hütten|
|Tributary at the old Herrenmühle mill||0.5||right||408||at the feet of Adelmannsfelden-Ottenhof|
|(Tributary)||0.6||right||407||between Ottenhof and Adelmannsfelden-Dollishäusle|
|Klingenbach||1.1||right||405||Bridge on the L 1073 from Neuler-Gaishardt to Adelmannsfelden||rises in the western urban area of Adelmannsfelden, passes through the klinge between the village and north Dollishäusle|
|Haldenbach||3.0||left||398||Adelmannsfelden Paper Mill||rises northeast of Gaishardt|
|Klingenbach (!)||1.3||left||395||begins below Neuler-Leinenfirster Teufelskanzel|
|Fürtlebach||1.2||right||390||400 m south of Neuler-Burghardsmühle||begins south of Abtsgmünd-Herrenwald|
|Hartenbach||1.9||left||389||Source area in Neuler-Pfaffenhölzle|
|Franzbach||1.7||right||385||begins east of Abtsgmünd-Pommertsweiler|
|Rotwiesenbach||0.6||right||383||from the Gschäl|
|Fischbach||3.0||right||380||from the eastern slopes of the Büchelberger Grat|
|Bach through the Birkenklinge||0.5||left||378||Abtsgmünd oil and sawmill||from the Zanken|
|Ölmühlbach||0.6||right||378||Abtsgmünd oil and sawmill||from Abtsgmünd-Unterwilflingen|
|Buchhaldenbach||0.6||left||371||from the northwestern slope of the Hornberg, empties into a side branch|
|Forchenwald Bach||0.6||right||368||from Geigersberg. Mouth in the "Valley of the Blinde Rot" nature reserve|
|Kotenbach||1.2||right||367||northeast of Abtsgmünd-Schäufele||from southeast Wilflingen|
Environment and protected areasEdit
The Blinde Rot initially flows through a very shallow depression, but from about Willa it cut more deeply and nowhere exceeds a maximum width of 150 metres. Mostly enclosed on both sides by wooded slopes, a small-scale, natural river landscape has survived on the valley floor. Pastures and meadows alternate here with woods, including elsewhere rare carrs. The river winds freely through both in natural meanders with steep and gently banks, accompanied by sandbanks, oxbow lakes and pools that are slowly silting up. The upper reaches the valley from the village of Bühlerzell to the hamlet of Grafenhof are designated as a protected landscape. This reserve was formed by a local act issued by the Ostalbkreis district office on 5 May 1994 and covers an area of 358 hectares. Immediately thereafter until the Burghardmühle mill below Adelmannsfelden is the protected landscape known as the "Valley of the Blinde Rot". It covers 84.5 hectares and was established on 20 December 1968.
The nature reserve of the Valley of the Blinde Rot (Naturschutzgebiet Tal der Blinde Rot) is a habitat rich in fauna. In the valley, 28 breeding bird species have been observed, including the white-throated dipper, the common kingfisher, the Eurasian woodcock and the marsh warbler. Two reptiles are native here: the viviparous lizard and slowworm, and the 7 species of amphibian include the fire salamander and yellow-bellied toad. In the waters of the Blinde Rot live the rare river trout and the endangered brook lamprey, and on the floodplain are numerous species of butterfly and dragonfly.
Along the shore of the blind red are Alnus glutinosa and willows. In the extensively farmed wetlands still growing Trollius eurpaeus. In the wetlands to find the source bulrush and various sedges like the Yellow, the tassel visible, the felt and the fox sedge. An orchid that come Broad, the meat red and the rare green-winged orchid in the valley before, else the yellow aconite and the forest-Columbine.
The blind was red with 2004 levels detected over her for this run from about the inflow of Geißbachs lightly loaded (class I-II).
In the catchment area, which is more than half covered by forests, forestry was formerly predominantly characterised by charcoal burning, resins, and especially the extraction of timber. It was processed in sawmills into sawn timber, but most of it was used as fuel, turned into firewood for those living in the valley. Most of the timber from the forests was transported along the Blinde Rot and Kocher to Schwäbisch Hall where the saltworks had a great demand for firewood.
Sights and structuresEdit
- Fleckenbachsee lake and Fleckenbach Sawmill
- Middle reaches of the river with oxbow lakes, sandstone rocks and several steep side valleys
- St. James' pilgrimage church in Hohenberg in Rosenberg about 3 km east of the river at a height of 568 metres on the Zeugenberg
- Adelmannsfelden Castle
Waterpower used to be used in the valley of the Blinde Rot to drive several sawmills, paper and oil mills. There is still a small sawmill at Betzenhof. On the Ludwigsmühle below Willa is a medium-sized woodmill. Hydropower is still used today at four locations in the valley.
Importance as a transport routeEdit
In the valley, there are hardly any roads along the river. Apart from, the L 1060 at Willa and the L 1073 in Adelmannsfelden are no maintained roads of more than local significance.
- Map services of the Baden-Württemberg State Office for the Environment, Survey and Conservation (Landesanstalt für Umwelt, Messungen und Naturschutz Baden-Württemberg)
- according to the TK25 map, in the LUBW-FG10 database, probably incorrectly called the Einsiedelbach.
- Biological Water Quality Map 1 : 350,000 scale by the Baden-Württemberg State Office for the Environment, Survey and Conservation (Landesanstalt für Umwelt, Messungen und Naturschutz Baden-Württemberg) (pdf, 11.7 MB)
- Personal observation around 2005.