Blankenhain is a town in the Weimarer Land district, in Thuringia, Germany. It is 14 km (8.7 miles) south of Weimar.

Blankenhain
Coat of arms of Blankenhain
Coat of arms
Location of Blankenhain within Weimarer Land district
Blankenhain in AP.png
Blankenhain is located in Germany
Blankenhain
Blankenhain
Blankenhain is located in Thuringia
Blankenhain
Blankenhain
Coordinates: 50°51′36″N 11°20′38″E / 50.86000°N 11.34389°E / 50.86000; 11.34389Coordinates: 50°51′36″N 11°20′38″E / 50.86000°N 11.34389°E / 50.86000; 11.34389
CountryGermany
StateThuringia
DistrictWeimarer Land
Subdivisions23
Government
 • MayorKlaus-Dieter Kellner (SPD)
Area
 • Total113.53 km2 (43.83 sq mi)
Elevation
370 m (1,210 ft)
Population
 (2018-12-31)[1]
 • Total6,455
 • Density57/km2 (150/sq mi)
Time zoneCET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes
99444
Dialling codes036459
Vehicle registrationAP
Websitewww.blankenhain.de

HistoryEdit

Until the Napoleonic Wars, Blankenhain had been a part of the Duchy of Saxe-Weimar. After the Fourth Coalition's defeat at Jena and Auerstedt, Napoleon attached the Lordship of Blankenhain to the Principality of Erfurt, directly subordinate to himself as an "imperial state domain" (French: domaine réservé à l'empereur), separate from the Confederation of the Rhine (nominally a French protectorate set up to replace the now-defunct Holy Roman Empire), which the surrounding Thuringian states had joined.[2]

After the Congress of Vienna, Erfurt was restored to Prussia on 21 June 1815, becoming the capital of one of the three districts (Regierungsbezirke) of the new Province of Saxony, but some southern and eastern parts of Erfurter lands joined Blankenhain in being transferred to the newly promoted Grand Duchy of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach the following September.[3]

Blankenhain remained within Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach through the era of the German Empire (1871–1918) and into the Weimar Republic until it merged with 7 of the 8 other Saxon duchies to form the Free State of Thuringia (German: Freistaat Thüringen). After being controlled briefly by the United States, from July 1945, the state of Thuringia came under the Soviet occupation zone, and was expanded to include parts of Prussian Saxony, including Erfurt, which became the new capital of Thuringia. In 1952, East Germany dissolved its states, and created districts (Bezirke) instead, with Blankenhain sitting within the rural district Kreis Weimar-Land, in Bezirk Erfurt. The State of Thuringia was restored with slightly altered borders during German reunification in 1990.

Sons and daughters of the cityEdit

People who are connected to BlankenhainEdit

  • Johann Christoph Bach (1689-1740), organist, cousin of Johann Sebastian Bach
  • Max Burchartz (1887-1961), graphican and painter, lived for a long time in Blankenhain
  • Wilhelm Hegeler (1870-1943), writer, lived for several years in Blankenhain
  • Max Oehler (1881-1943), painter, had a garden in Blankenhain, painted the city and its surroundings

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Bevölkerung der Gemeinden, erfüllenden Gemeinden und Verwaltungsgemeinschaften nach Geschlecht in Thüringen Gebietsstand: 31.12.2018". Thüringer Landesamt für Statistik (in German). September 2019.
  2. ^ "1806–1814: Erfurt unter französischer Besetzung" [1806–1814: Erfurt under French occupation] (in German). Erfurt Stadtverwaltung [Erfurt city administration]. Retrieved 2 January 2016.
  3. ^ "1814–1850: Erfurt im preußischen Staat" [1814–1850: Erfurt in the Prussian state] (in German). Erfurt Stadtverwaltung [Erfurt city administration]. Retrieved 3 January 2016.

External linksEdit