The Black Horse Pike is a designation used for a number of different roadways that had been part of a historic route connecting the Camden area to the area of Atlantic City, New Jersey. Roadways now bearing the Black Horse Pike designation include portions of Route 168, Route 42, U.S. Route 322 (US 322) and US 40.

Black Horse Pike
Route information
Maintained by NJDOT
Length52.04 mi[1][2][3][4] (83.75 km)
Component
highways
Route 168 from Camden to Washington Township
Route 42 from Washington Township to Monroe Township
US 322 from Monroe Township to Atlantic City
US 40 from Hamilton Township to Atlantic City
Major junctions
West end US 130 / Route 168 in Camden
  I-295 in Bellmawr
N.J. Turnpike in Bellmawr
Route 42 in Gloucester Township
Route 42 / A.C. Expressway in Washington Township
US 322 in Monroe Township
Route 54 in Folsom
Route 50 in Hamilton Township
US 40 in Hamilton Township
G.S. Parkway in Egg Harbor Township
US 9 in Pleasantville
East end US 40 / US 322 (Albany Avenue) in Atlantic City
Highway system

Route descriptionEdit

Route 168Edit

The Black Horse Pike heads south from US 130 in Camden as a four-lane, divided highway comprising Route 168, which continues north of US 130 on Mt. Ephraim Avenue. It heads south and interchanges Route 76C, which heads west and provides access to Interstate 76 (I-76) and the Walt Whitman Bridge. It passes through Haddon Township with many jughandles at intersections. It then passes through Mt. Ephraim, where the road was restriped in the late 1990s reducing it from four lanes to two, and enters Bellmawr, where it interchanges with exit 28 of I-295 and exit 3 of the New Jersey Turnpike (NJTP). It then enters Runnemede, where it crosses Route 41 and County Route 544 (CR 544). It then heads into Gloucester Township and interchanges with Route 42. It continues south, passing through Blackwood, where it intersects CR 534, and then widens back into a four-lane, divided highway. It then heads toward the southern terminus of the North–South Freeway (Route 42) and the western terminus of the Atlantic City Expressway, where Route 168 ends and the Black Horse Pike becomes Route 42.

Route 42Edit

 
A sign at the beginning of northbound Route 42 on the Black Horse Pike just north of US 322.

The Black Horse Pike heads south into Washington Township, Gloucester County on Route 42 as a four-lane divided highway lined with many businesses. In Cross Keys, it intersects CR 555. It then enters Monroe Township, where in Williamstown, it meets US 322 and CR 536 Spur. Here, Route 42 ends and US 322 heads east onto the Black Horse Pike.

US 322Edit

 
US 322 on the Black Horse Pike.

US 322 heads southeast on the Black Horse Pike from Williamstown, intersecting CR 536 and CR 538. It heads into Folsom, Atlantic County, where it meets Route 54 at a cloverleaf interchange and then the southern terminus of Route 73. It continues into Hamilton Township, passing through rural areas. It intersects CR 559 shortly after crossing into Hamilton Township. Near Mays Landing, it features an interchange with Route 50. It continues southeast and near the Hamilton Mall and the Atlantic City Race Track, it intersects US 40.

US 40/US 322 concurrencyEdit

US 40 joins US 322 and the two routes continue to the southeast along the Black Horse Pike. Shortly after joining, the road intersects CR 575, which then forms a concurrency on the Black Horse Pike along with US 40 and US 322. It heads into Egg Harbor Township, and Route 575 splits from the Black Horse Pike by heading south on English Creek Avenue. The Black Horse Pike has an intersection with CR 563, which was formerly a traffic circle built in 1932 until it was replaced by traffic signals and jughandles in 2002.[5] The Black Horse Pike has a brief concurrency with CR 563 and then meets the Garden State Parkway (GSP) with access provided by way of CR 563 and CR 608. The route continues east into Pleasantville, where it crosses US 9. It then passes through the center of Pleasantville on Verona Avenue, with the name changing back to Black Horse Pike. At the border with Atlantic City, the road becomes Albany Avenue, which carries US 40 and US 322 into Atlantic City.

HistoryEdit

 
The Route 54 bridge over the Black Horse Pike (US 322) in Folsom, showing the former Route 42 designation.

The origins of the Black Horse Pike can be traced to 1795 when Surveyors working for Old Gloucester County, laid out a new and straight road to replace the meandering Irish Road. The new roadway carried various names including the Newton Road, Chews Landing-Philadelphia Road, Mount Ephraim-Blackwoodtown Road, etc. State legislators in 1855 incorporated the Camden and Blackwoodtown Turnpike Company, converting the road into a toll road.

In 1923, the portion from Mays Landing to Atlantic City became part of Route 18S. With the 1927 New Jersey state highway renumbering, the route became Route 42 from Camden to Mays Landing and Route 48 from Mays Landing to Atlantic City. US 322 was later designated along the road from Williamstown to Atlantic City and US 40 from Mays Landing to Atlantic City.[6][7] With the 1953 New Jersey state highway renumbering, which eliminated long concurrencies between U.S. and state routes in New Jersey, the Route 42 and Route 48 designations were removed from the parts of the road already signed as US 322 or US 40/US 322, with Route 42 cut back to Williamstown and Route 48 completely removed from the Black Horse Pike.[8] Following the completion of the North–South Freeway, Route 42 was moved off the Black Horse Pike to the new freeway between Camden and Turnersville, and the Route 168 designation was given to the Black Horse Pike between Camden and Turnersville.[9]

Major intersectionsEdit

The mileposts correspond to the routes the Black Horse Pike follows.

CountyLocationmi[1][2][3][4]kmDestinationsNotes
CamdenCamden9.7215.64   US 130 / Route 168 north (Mount Ephraim Avenue) – CollingswoodNo left turns; Route 168 continues north as Mount Ephraim Avenue
Haddon Township9.4815.26   To I-76 west / I-676 north – Walt Whitman Bridge, PhiladelphiaInterchange with unsigned Route 76C, northbound exit and southbound entrance
Mount Ephraim8.0712.99 
  CR 551 Spur (Kings Highway) – Westville, Haddonfield
Bellmawr7.4211.94  I-295 – Trenton, Walt Whitman Bridge, Delaware Memorial BridgeExit 28 on I-295
6.6010.62  N.J. Turnpike – New York, DelawareExit 3 on NJ Turnpike
Runnemede5.719.19   Route 41 / CR 573 north (Clements Bridge Road) – Deptford, BarringtonSouthern terminus of CR 573
5.398.67  CR 544 (Evesham Road) – Deptford, Magnolia
Gloucester Township3.42–
3.44
5.50–
5.54
   Route 42 to A.C. Expressway – Walt Whitman Bridge, Philadelphia, Williamstown, Atlantic CityNo northbound access to Route 42 south; exits 9B-10A on Route 42
2.433.91  CR 534 (Church Street)
GloucesterWashington Township0.00–
0.25
0.00–
0.40
   Route 42 north / A.C. Expressway east – Atlantic City, Shore PointsSouthern terminus of Route 168; Route 42 joins Black Horse Pike; exit 7 on Route 42; exit 44 on A.C. Expressway
3.515.65  CR 555 south (Tuckahoe Road) – Vineland
Monroe Township0.000.00  
   US 322 west / CR 536 Spur (Sicklerville Road) – Glassboro, Sicklerville
East end of Route 42 overlap, west end of US 322 overlap
24.6739.70  CR 536 (Poplar Street / New Brooklyn Road) – Waterford, Glassboro
30.1348.49  CR 538 west (Coles Mill Road)
AtlanticFolsom34.6655.78  Route 54 – Hammonton, Trenton, Buena, MillvilleInterchange
36.9059.38   
    Route 73 / CR 561 Spur north (Mays Landing Road) to A.C. Expressway – Philadelphia
Hamilton Township41.3766.58  CR 559 (Weymouth Road) – Mays Landing, HammontonModified traffic circle
46.0374.08  Route 50 – Mays Landing, Egg Harbor CityInterchange
50.2680.89  US 40 west (Harding Highway) – Mays LandingWest end of US 40 overlap
50.4681.21   CR 575 north (Wrangleboro Road) to A.C. Expressway – PomonaWest end of CR 575 overlap
Egg Harbor Township52.3884.30  CR 575 south (English Creek Avenue) – English CreekEast end of CR 575 overlap
55.4789.27  CR 563 north (Tilton Road)West end of CR 563 overlap
55.8789.91  CR 563 south (Tilton Road) – Margate City, Ocean CityEast end of CR 563 overlap
55.9590.04  G.S. Parkway northGSP exit 36
Pleasantville57.6292.73  US 9 – Absecon, Somers Point
57.9993.33  CR 585 (Main Street)
Atlantic City60.1796.83   US 40 east / US 322 east (Albany Avenue)Eastern terminus of Black Horse Pike, east end of US 40/US 322 overlap
1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "Route 168 Straight Line Diagram" (PDF). New Jersey Department of Transportation. Retrieved March 19, 2007.
  2. ^ a b "Route 42 Straight Line Diagram" (PDF). New Jersey Department of Transportation. Retrieved March 27, 2007.
  3. ^ a b "US 322 Straight Line Diagram" (PDF). New Jersey Department of Transportation. Retrieved June 13, 2007.
  4. ^ a b "US 40 Straight Line Diagram" (PDF). New Jersey Department of Transportation. Retrieved October 14, 2009.
  5. ^ Dwyer, Christopher. "Buchart-Horn Designs Replacement For Bygone Transportation System". Buchart Horn, Inc. & BASCO Associates. Archived from the original on August 13, 2007. Retrieved July 28, 2008.
  6. ^ State of New Jersey, Laws of 1927, Chapter 319.
  7. ^ Williams, Jimmy and Sharon. "1927 New Jersey Road Map". 1920s New Jersey Highways. Archived from the original on October 31, 2007. Retrieved October 8, 2008.
  8. ^ "1953 renumbering". New Jersey Department of Highways. Archived from the original on June 28, 2011. Retrieved July 31, 2009. Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  9. ^ Map of New Jersey (Map). Cartography by H.M. Gousha. Chevron Oil Company. 1969.

See alsoEdit