Roman Catholic Diocese of San Cristóbal de La Laguna
The Roman Catholic Diocese of San Cristóbal de La Laguna (Latin: Sancti Christophori de Laguna), also called Diocese of Tenerife or Diocese Nivariense, is a diocese located in the city of San Cristóbal de La Laguna in the Canary Islands in the Ecclesiastical province of Sevilla in Spain. The diocese includes the islands of Tenerife, La Palma, La Gomera and El Hierro, in the province of Santa Cruz de Tenerife. The bishop of this diocese is Bernardo Álvarez Afonso.
Diocese of San Cristóbal de La Laguna
Dioecesis Sancti Christophori de Laguna or Dioecesis Nivariensis
Diócesis de San Cristóbal de La Laguna or Diócesis de Tenerife
|Area||3,381 km2 (1,305 sq mi)|
|(as of 2010)|
|Established||1 February 1819|
|Cathedral||Cathedral of San Cristóbal de La Laguna|
|Bishop||Bernardo Álvarez Afonso|
|Metropolitan Archbishop||Juan Asenjo Pelegrina|
|Website of the Diocese|
The arrival of Christianity to the western islands of the Canaries took place (as in the eastern islands) before the complete conquest of the archipelago and its incorporation into the Crown of Castile held in 1496 with the conquest of the island of Tenerife. Christianization was motivated basically as preparation for the subsequent conquest.
In this work the Normans missionary friars and then Catalan and Majorcan (especially Franciscans and Dominicans) who settled first in the eastern islands where even founded bishoprics and from where they began to evangelize the Westerners occupied. These, (as will happen later in America) accompanied the conquistadores in their mission to convert and catechize the aboriginals guanches, which like other ancient peoples had their own religion. Perhaps in this respect, the Christianization undertaken by the friar and missionary Fray Alfonso de Bolaños, dubbed the "Apostle of Tenerife", stands out among the gloves, about 30 years before the conquest of it.
After the conquest these cults or syncretic be eradicated and replaced by the Catholic religion. The presence of Christian elements in the western islands of the Canaries in the period before the conquest is a palpable fact, example of this is the presence in two of these islands marianas images that reach great notoriety throughout the entire archipelago: The Virgin of Candelaria in Tenerife (Patron Saint of the Canary Islands) and the Virgen de las Nieves (Patron Saint of La Palma). It is believed that these images have been brought to these islands by missionaries Catalan or Majorcan a century before being revered by Aborigines since.
Recently in Tenerife a Christian cross was found engraved in the rock and oriented to the sun, in a Guanche site in the municipality of Buenavista del Norte. This symbol was found in a megalith used for fecundity rituals and as a solar calendar. This finding highlights the supposed knowledge that the aborigines had of Christianity.
After the conquestEdit
The origins of creating a diocese based in Tenerife has its home since shortly after the conquest of the Canaries, it was the same Alonso Fernández de Lugo (conqueror of Tenerife) who in 1513 asked the Court to the island of Tenerife had an Episcopal see, calling for it to move the diocesan headquarters Canary Islands of Las Palmas de Gran Canaria to San Cristóbal de La Laguna.
A short time later after the conquest of the Canary Islands, Tenerife quickly became the most populated island of the archipelago and San Cristóbal de La Laguna in the most important town in the Canary Islands. Fernández de Lugo, who had received the title of «Primer Adelantado de las Islas Canarias» by the Kings of Spain wished therefore raise the ecclesiastical rank of San Cristóbal de La Laguna, a city he founded and where his residence was located.
At that time, was still fresh the transfer of the Episcopal see of the Canary Islands to the city of Las Palmas on the island of Gran Canaria, home initially was in San Marcial del Rubicón in the south of the island of Lanzarote (by being this first conquered the island). However the idea of moving the bishopric to the city of La Laguna was not prospered. The reasons for the refusal were based primarily on the fact that it had already begun to build and expand the new Cathedral of Santa Ana in Las Palmas, the oligarchy of Gran Canaria wanted to have some stability and independence of the governing authorities of the Canary Islands that were based in the La Laguna.
Soon after, he attempted to share the diocesan headquarters between Las Palmas and La Laguna but that idea did not prosper. In 1515 the then only municipality of Tenerife (with Fernández de Lugo in the lead) took the founding act of the Church of Our Lady of Remedies (now La Laguna Cathedral) to convey to the court the need for residence in Tenerife from members of the Cathedral chapter of Canaries, which had it based in Las Palmas de Gran Canaria. On 19 November 1517 the council again sent to the Court a letter in similar terms which were ratified in the earlier decision, which did not reach any positive response. Subsequently, requests for creation of a diocese stated that its jurisdiction should cover the western islands of the Canaries.
In the 16th, 17th and 18th centuries there will be a boom of contemplative and religious life. At this time born in Tenerife: Peter of Saint Joseph Betancur and José de Anchieta, the two native saints of the Canary Islands. Both were two of the greatest missionaries in Latin America. Another important religious figure born at the time was the Servant of God Mary of Jesus de León y Delgado, whose body remains uncorrupted.
In 1783 he again requested the erection of a diocese in San Cristóbal de La Laguna (so that it encompasses the western islands of the Canary Islands), which was taken with great suspicion by members of the Cathedral Chapter and Bishop, preventing him ecclesiastical institutions based in Gran Canaria.
Creation of the dioceseEdit
In 1818, the clergy and the authorities of Tenerife requested again the creation of the Diocese to the Holy See (this time with the support of King Ferdinand VII of Spain) in a document called Instruction of the Chamber of Castile, having a favorable response of Pope. In this role it played an important role the priest Cristóbal Bencomo y Rodríguez, confessor of King Ferdinand VII and Titular Archbishop of Heraclea.
On February 1, 1819 a papal bull of Pope Pius VII approved the division of the bishopric of the Canary Islands in two dioceses. Finally, between February and December 1819 this diocese is created, since previously the Roman Catholic Diocese of Canarias was administering the entire archipelago.
The Pope Pius VII in establishing the diocese determines that Bula fundamental aspects of the organization of the same; the cathedral headquarters is the Parish of Our Lady of Remedies of San Cristóbal de La Laguna, that the diocese is formed by the four western islands of the Canary Islands (El Hierro, La Palma, La Gomera and Tenerife), the official name the diocese is the same as the city where it is based, that the documents concerning the diocese of San Cristóbal de La Laguna deposited with the secretary of the curia of Las Palmas should be transferred to the new diocese, the diocese and its cathedral are suffragan of the Archdiocese of Seville, and the patronage of the new diocese is established as follows: The Our Lady of Remedies main patron of the cathedral and the diocese, and St. Ferdinand III of Castile and St. Elizabeth of Aragon like the saints small employers the same.
As a result of the Concordat of 1851, the suppression of several Spanish dioceses that had been recently created, including the Diocese of San Cristóbal de La Laguna which should be annexed to the Roman Catholic Diocese of Canarias is established. The Cathedral Chapter of Canaries yet positioned against such a measure defending the independence of the Diocese of Tenerife. Subsequently, the Vatican requires that one of the diocese remains condemned to disappear.
The current bishop, 12th of the Diocese of San Cristóbal de La Laguna is Monsignor Bernardo Álvarez Afonso. The diocese has about 892,000 baptized in 2014. It is also the Canarian diocese has both more priests (255), as permanent deacons (6) and parishes (312).
Chronology since the creation of the Diocese until today:
- On 1 February 1819: The Diocese of San Cristóbal de La Laguna separates of till then the unique diocese of the archipelago the Diocese of Canarias.
- 1875: is tried to join uselessly this diocese with the Diocese Canariense.
- 1877: D. Ildefonso Infante y Macías, he is nominated A Bishop of the Diocese Nivariense.
- 1959: the Missionary and Idente Missionaries foundation was founded in this diocese, composed of religious men and women, as well as secular missionaries, single or married.
- 1964–1965: between October 1964 and January 1965, the Diocese of Tenerife conducted the largest pilgrimage took place in the history of the Canary Islands, the transfer of the image of the Virgin of Candelaria (Saint Patron of Canary Islands) for all municipalities and cities island of Tenerife.
- Between 1998 and 1999, the diocese held its first diocesan synod (Diocesan Synod Nivariense), focused primarily on understanding of Second Vatican Council, the entry into the third millennium of the birth of Christ with a spiritual renewal of the diocese and give the right answer profound social, political and cultural changes.
- 2006: On 23 January, a fire finished with the Palace of the family Salazar of Cold (Counts of Salazar's Valley) that up to the moment was sedate her episcopal. It was a building of the 17th century, though until the end of the 19th century it was not the bishop's residence. It was rebuilt in 2009.
- 2019: On February 1 this year marked the 200th anniversary of the creation of the diocese with religious and cultural events between 2019 and 2020.
The principal patron saint of the diocese is the Virgin of Los Remedios. Smaller patron saints are St. Ferdinand III of Castile and St. Elizabeth of Portugal. The patron saint of the Canary Islands is the Virgin of Candelaria, whose shrine belongs to this diocese. St. Saint Christopher is the titular saint (non-patron saint) of the Diocese because it bears the name of the city, and therefore includes the name of this saint.
The patronage of the islands of this Diocese is as follows:
- Patroness of the island of Tenerife: Our Lady of Los Remedios.
- Patroness of the island of La Gomera: Our Lady of Guadalupe.
- Patroness of the island of La Palma: Our Lady of the Snows.
- Patroness of the island of El Hierro: Our Lady of the Kings.
Saint patron saint of the islands:
- February 2: Festivity of Our Lady the Virgin of Candelaria, patron of the Canary Islands.
- April 24: Festivity of Saint Peter of Saint Joseph de Betancur.
- June 9: Festivity of Saint José de Anchieta.
- July 15: Festivity of the Martyrs of Tazacorte.
- July 27: Festivity of Saint Christopher, titular saint of the Diocese.
- September 6: Festivity of the dedication of the Cathedral of San Cristóbal de La Laguna.
In its internal organization the diocese is divided into 17 arciprestazgos (deaneries), to the front of which is an archpriest who is in charge of administering it, attending to the requests of the clergy and watching over the care of the cult. The arciprestazgos are distributed between the different islands:
- Arciprestazgo de Icod
- Arciprestazgo de Isora
- Arciprestazgo de Güímar
- Arciprestazgo de Granadilla
- Arciprestazgo de La Cuesta
- Arciprestazgo de La Laguna
- Arciprestazgo de La Orotava
- Arciprestazgo de La Salud
- Arciprestazgo de Ofra
- Arciprestazgo de Taco
- Arciprestazgo de Tacoronte
- Arciprestazgo de Tegueste
- Arciprestazgo de Santa Cruz de Tenerife
In La Palma:
- Arciprestazgo de Los Llanos de Aridane
- Arciprestazgo de Santa Cruz de La Palma
- Arciprestazgo de La Gomera
- Arciprestazgo de El Hierro
|City where it is edited||San Cristóbal de La Laguna|
|Distribution area||Santa Cruz de Tenerife (province)|
|Web site||Diócesis de Tenerife|
Iglesia Nivariense (Church Nivariense) is a religious magazine published by the Diocese of Tenerife. The publication deals with the religious celebrations of the diocese and related religious topics.
Also it publishes for other islands that shape the diocese: La Palma, La Gomera and El Hierro. In the magazine there do not appear sections of politics, economy or sports. It is published especially to distribute it in the parishes and churches of the Diocese of Tenerife.
The slogan of this magazine is a "Publication of the Diocese of Tenerife".
- Cathedral of La Laguna, La Laguna, Tenerife.
- Basilica of Candelaria, Candelaria, Tenerife.
- Iglesia Matriz de la Concepción, La Laguna, Tenerife.
- Real Santuario del Santísimo Cristo de La Laguna, La Laguna, Tenerife.
- Real Santuario de Nuestra Señora de las Nieves, Santa Cruz de La Palma, La Palma.
- Iglesia Matriz de la Concepción, Santa Cruz de Tenerife, Tenerife.
- Iglesia del Salvador, Santa Cruz de La Palma, La Palma.
- Iglesia de la Asunción, San Sebastián de La Gomera, La Gomera.
- Iglesia de la Concepción, Valverde, El Hierro.
- Luis Antonio Folgueras y Sión (24 Jun 1824 – 17 Jan 1848)
- Ildefonso Joaquín Infante y Macías, O.S.B. (20 Mar 1877 – 1882)
- Jacinto María Cervera y Cervera (27 Mar 1882 – 21 Jul 1885)
- Ramón Torrijos y Gómez (25 Nov 1887 – 21 May 1894)
- Nicolás Rey y Redondo (21 May 1894 Appointed – 5 Sep 1917)
- Gabriel Llompart y Jaume Santandreu (17 May 1918 – 27 Jun 1922)
- Albino González y Menédez Reigada, O.P. (18 Dec 1924 – 18 Feb 1946)
- Domingo Pérez Cáceres (28 Apr 1947 – 1 Aug 1961)
- Luis Franco Cascón, C.SS.R. (19 Feb 1962 – 18 Oct 1983)
- Damián Iguacén Borau (14 Aug 1984 – 12 Jun 1991)
- Felipe Fernández García (12 Jun 1991 – 29 Jun 2005)
- Bernardo Álvarez Afonso (began 29 June 2005)
Saints and BlessedsEdit
- Martyrs of Tazacorte. In various parts of Portugal and Spain – (deceased in 1570). Monks and missionaries martyred off the coast of La Palma where they enjoy great veneration especially in Tazacorte, although none of them were themselves born in the Canary Islands it has included among the blessed of the archipelago.
- Venerables and Servants of God:
- El papel de la Iglesia. Gran Biblioteca Virtual de Canarias.
- Encuentran una cruz cristiana en un yacimiento de culto guanche en Canarias
- Achivos históricos de Canarias. Página 542
- Achivos históricos de Canarias.
- La Diócesis de San Cristóbal de La Laguna en los inicios del siglo XIX: el Obispo Folgueras Sión, el Cabildo Catedral y la jurisdicción eclesiástica
- La diócesis de Tenerife. Apuntes para su historia: de los orígenes hasta su restablecimiento definitivo. Ver en la página 126
- Obispos canarios. Página web oficial de la Diócesis de Canarias
- Patrimonio e historia de la antigua Catedral de La Laguna. Ver: página 110.
- Anuario pontificio. Diócesis de San Cristóbal de La Laguna
- Crónica del Sínodo Diocesano Nivariense Archived 2015-09-24 at the Wayback Machine
- Patrona del archipiélago Canario Sitio web de las Siervas de los Corazones Traspasados de Jesús y María.
- Calendario Litúrgico propio de la Diócesis de San Cristóbal de La Laguna. Aprobación por la Santa Sede