Bidar sultanate was one of the Deccan sultanates of late medieval southern India.[2]

Bidar Sultanate
Barid Shahi dynasty

1489–1619
Extent of Bidar Sultanate
Extent of Bidar Sultanate
CapitalBidar
Common languagesPersian (official)[1]
Deccani Urdu
Religion
Islam
GovernmentMonarchy
Barid Shah 
History 
• Established
1489
• Disestablished
1619
CurrencyMohur
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Bahmani Sultanate
Adil Shahi dynasty
Today part of India

Contents

HistoryEdit

The sultanate was founded in 1492 by Qasim Barid,[3] who was a former Turkish slave.[4] He joined the service of the Bahmani sultān Muhammad Shah III. He started his career as a sar-naubat but later became the mir-jumla (prime minister) of the Bahmani sultanate. During the reign of Mahmud Shah Bahmani (r.1482 – 1518), he became the de facto ruler. After his death in 1504, his son Amir Barid became the prime minister and controlled the administration of the Bahmani sultanate.

After the death of Mahmud Shah Bahmani in 1518, he was succeeded by four sultans, one after another, but they were mere puppets in the hands of Amir Barid.[5] When the last Bahmani ruler Kalimullah fled to Bidar in 1527, Amir Barid became practically independent. But he never assumed any royal title.

 
Large cannon in Bidar fort.

In 1542, he was succeeded by his son Ali Barid Shah I, who was the first to assume the title of Shah. Ali Barid joined the other Deccan sultans in the battle of Talikota against the Vijaynagar Empire in January, 1565. After his death in 1580, Ali Barid was succeeded by his son Ibrahim Barid, who after his death in 1587 was succeeded by his younger brother Qasim Barid II. After his death in 1591, he was succeeded by his infant son Ali Barid II, who was soon dethroned by one of his relative, Amir Barid II. In 1601, he was also overthrown by one of his relative, Mirza Ali Barid. In 1609, he was succeeded by the last ruler, Amir Barid III, who fought against the Mughals in 1616 under the leadership of Malik Ambar. In 1619, he was defeated by the Bijapur sultan Ibrahim Adil Shah II. Bidar was annexed to Bijapur sultanate. Amir Barid III and his sons were brought to Bijapur and kept "under surveillance"[6]

In 1619, Amir Barid III was defeated by the Bijapur sultan Ibrahim Adil Shah II. Bidar was annexed to Mughal sultanate.

ArchitectureEdit

The Bidar Sultanate made considerable additions to the Bidar Fort. Their tombs are also located at Bidar.[7][8]

RulersEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Spooner & Hanaway 2012, p. 317.
  2. ^ "Barīd Shāhī dynasty | Muslim dynasty". Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved 2018-12-09.
  3. ^ Sen 2013, p. 118.
  4. ^ Bosworth 1996, p. 324.
  5. ^ "India - Bahmanī consolidation of the Deccan". Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved 2018-12-09.
  6. ^ Majumdar 2007, p. 466-468.
  7. ^ Law, John. Modern Hyderabad (Deccan). pp. 15–17.
  8. ^ Centre, UNESCO World Heritage. "Monuments and Forts of the Deccan Sultanate". UNESCO World Heritage Centre. Archived from the original on 2018-12-09. Retrieved 2018-12-09.

SourcesEdit

  • Bosworth, C.E. (1996). The New Islamic Dynasties. Columbia University Press.
  • Majumdar, R.C. (2007). The Mughul Empire. Bharatiya Vidya Bhavan.
  • Sen, Sailendra (2013). A Textbook of Medieval Indian History. Primus Books.
  • Spooner, Brian; Hanaway, William L. (2012). Literacy in the Persianate World: Writing and the Social Order. University of Pennsylvania Press.