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Barid Shahi dynasty
Extent of Bidar Sultanate
|Common languages||Persian (official)|
Deccani Urdu, Kannada
|Today part of||India|
Qasim Barid and Amir BaridEdit
The sultanate was founded in 1492 by Qasim Barid, who was Georgian enslaved by Turks. He joined the service of the Bahmani sultān Muhammad Shah III. He started his career as a sar-naubat but later became the mir-jumla (prime minister) of the Bahmani sultanate. During the reign of Mahmud Shah Bahmani (r.1482 – 1518), he became the de facto ruler.
After his death in 1504, his son Amir Barid became the prime minister and controlled the administration of the Bahmani sultanate. After the death of Mahmud Shah Bahmani in 1518, he was succeeded by four sultans, one after another, but they were mere puppets in the hands of Amir Barid.
Ali Barid ShahEdit
In 1542, he was succeeded by his son Ali Barid Shah I, who was the first to assume the royal title of Shah. Ali Barid joined the other Deccan sultans in the battle of Talikota against the Vijaynagar Empire in January, 1565.
After his death in 1580, Ali Barid was succeeded by his son Ibrahim Barid, who ruled for seven years until his death in 1587. He was succeeded by his younger brother Qasim Barid II. After his death in 1591, he was succeeded by his infant son Ali Barid II, who was soon dethroned by one of his relative, Amir Barid II. In 1601, he was also overthrown by one of his relative, Mirza Ali Barid.
In 1609, he was succeeded by the last ruler, Amir Barid III, who fought against the Mughals in 1616 under the leadership of Malik Ambar. In 1619, he was defeated by the Bijapur sultan Ibrahim Adil Shah II. Bidar was annexed to Bijapur sultanate. Amir Barid III and his sons were brought to Bijapur and kept "under surveillance"
The rulers patronized Persianate culture. Persian poetry is inscribed on their tombs.
The Bidar Sultanate made considerable additions to the Bidar Fort. Their tombs are also located at Bidar. The rulers employed Hindu architects and engineers for the construction of these buildings, which resulted in amalgamation of some Hindu features within the architecture of this period.
|Qasim Barid I||1489 – 1504|
|Amir Barid I||1504 – 1542|
|Ali Barid Shah I||1542 – 1580|
|Ibrahim Barid Shah||1580 – 1587|
|Qasim Barid Shah II||1587 – 1591|
|Ali Barid Shah II||1591|
|Amir Barid Shah II||1591 – 1601|
|Mirza Ali Barid Shah III||1601 – 1609|
|Amir Barid Shah III||1609 – 1619|
Tombs at Barid Shahi Park in Bidar
- Spooner & Hanaway 2012, p. 317.
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- Haig 1928, pp. 431.
- Yazdani, 1947, pp. 25.
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- Yazdani, 1947, pp. 26.
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