Bicentennial of the Encyclopædia Britannica
The first two pamphlets ("numbers") of the Encyclopædia Britannica were issued in December 1768, being sold from the printing office of its originator, Colin Macfarquhar, in Nicholson Street in Edinburgh. In 1968, several celebrations of the Britannica's bicentennial were held, and the three volumes of the 1st edition were reprinted in facsimile.
The Britannica BanquetEdit
On 15 October 1968, the Britannica threw a banquet for itself celebrating its 200th birthday. Queen Elizabeth herself was not present, although she sent warm thanks for the gift of a fresh copy of the 14th edition. Hundreds of guests were arranged at 13 tables and served an exceptional dinner with well-chosen wines and tasteful music:
|Madeira:Trinity House Bual||Velouté of Cornish Crabs|
|White Burgundy: Pouilly Fuissé 1964 (Ernest Marples et Cie)||Fillet of Dover Sole in Cheshire Sauce|
|Bordeaux: Château Talbot St Julien 1959||Quail in Port Wine Aspic|
Goose Liver Paté
|Champagne: Charles Heidsieck 1959||Noisette of Southdown Lamb|
Baby Marrows in Butter
|Port:Taylor's 1955||Pears in Madeira Sauce|
Hazelnut Ice Cream
|Brandy: Crozet V.S.O.P. or Liqueurs||Coffee|
During the reception, the music was provided by Pipe Major L. D. V. de Laspee of the London Scottish, by kind permission of Lt. Colonel A. F. Niekirk, TD Officer Commanding. During the banquet itself, music was provided by the String Orchestra of the Royal Artillery Band, as directed by Captain R. Quinn, MBE, LSRM, RA, by kind permission of the Director, Royal Artillery. Later in the banquet, a programme of fanfares was performed by the Guild of Gentlemen Trumpeters. As Sir Gilbert Inglefield, the Lord Mayor of London, put it during his speech, "This, surely, is yet one more memorable episode in our chronicles of time."
Five speakers gave brief speeches at the banquet:
- Dr. Robert Hutchins, Chairman of the Board of Editors for the Britannica
- Sir Gilbert Inglefield, the Lord Mayor of the City of London
- the Right Honorable Harold Wilson, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom
- William Benton, Chairman and publisher of the Britannica
- Sir William Haley, Editor in Chief of the Britannica
Many amusing episodes in the Britannica's history were recounted. Several speakers reiterated the Britannica's commitment to being not merely a reference work (an "enchantingly vast cornucopia of erudition", in Sir Gilbert Inglefield's words), but a great educational instrument of all humanity; in the words of Dr. Hutchins, "the Britannica seems destined to become a world university" and "Senator Benton...will go down in history as one of the most influential educators of our time." Prime Minister Harold Wilson stated that he and Jennie Lee were inspired to begin the Open University by the Britannica's push into international markets, as well as by the Soviet Union's dedicated broadcasting of educational propaganda. Finally, the Britannica's view of itself as the summa of all civilization can be gleaned from its publisher Bill Benton's speech.
|“||...the most important job in the United States after the Presidency of the nation [is] the Presidency of the Britannica...The continuing projection of Western civilization in terms of the Encyclopædia Britannica is a paramount requirement of our time...The Britannica embodies the intellectual tradition of the Western World.||”|
The Exhibition at the Newberry LibraryEdit
From 9 April 1968 through 31 May 1968, the Newberry Library in Chicago offered an exhibit celebrating all encyclopedias, but most particularly the Britannica. The exhibit was accompanied by a book by James M. Wells, who wrote an overview essay dated 9 January 1968.
Re-issue of the 1st editionEdit
On the occasion of its 200th anniversary, Encyclopædia Britannica Inc. published a facsimile of the 1st edition, even including "age spots" on the paper. This has been periodically reprinted and is still part of Britannica's product line.
- Banquet at Guildhall in the City of London, Tuesday 15 October 1968: Celebrating the 200th Anniversary of the Encyclopædia Britannica and the 25th Anniversary of the Honorable William Benton as its Chairman and Publisher. United Kingdom: Encyclopædia Britannica International, Ltd. 1968.
- Wells, James M. (1968). The Circle of Knowledge: Encyclopaedias Past and Present. Chicago: The Newberry Library. LCCN 68021708.