Bibb City, Georgia

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Bibb City is a former company town of the Bibb Manufacturing Company in Muscogee County, Georgia, United States. At the 2000 census, it had a total population of 510. The entire city area, consisting of historic Columbus Mill area and the associated mill village owned by the Bibb Manufacturing Company, is listed on the National Register of Historic Places as Bibb City Historic District.

Bibb City, Georgia
Location of Bibb City, Georgia
Location of Bibb City, Georgia
Coordinates: 32°30′5″N 84°59′31″W / 32.50139°N 84.99194°W / 32.50139; -84.99194Coordinates: 32°30′5″N 84°59′31″W / 32.50139°N 84.99194°W / 32.50139; -84.99194
CountryUnited States
StateGeorgia
CountyMuscogee
Area
 • Total0.2 sq mi (0.4 km2)
 • Land0.2 sq mi (0.4 km2)
 • Water0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)
Elevation
338 ft (103 m)
Population
 (2007[1])
 • Total648
 • Density3,064.9/sq mi (1,183.4/km2)
Time zoneUTC-5 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-4 (EDT)
FIPS code13-07864[2]
GNIS feature ID0331158[3]
Bibb City Historic District
Bibb City, Georgia is located in Georgia (U.S. state)
Bibb City, Georgia
Bibb City, Georgia is located in the United States
Bibb City, Georgia
LocationRoughly bounded by Chattahoochee River, Woodland Cir., 2nd Ave. and 35th St., Bibb City, Georgia
Area48 acres (19 ha)
Built1900
ArchitectBlair, Algernon; et al.
Architectural styleClassical Revival, Bungalow/craftsman
NRHP reference #10000037 [4][5]
Added to NRHPFebruary 24, 2010

Bibb City was incorporated in 1909 as a city surrounding—and managed by—the Bibb Manufacturing Company, which operated a textile mill there. After the mill closed in 1998, the city dissolved its charter on December 7, 2000, lacking funding to continue city operations. Bibb City was annexed by the city of Columbus, of which it is now a neighborhood.[6] In September 2006, Bibb City was nominated as an historic district for the National Register of Historic Places by Georgia's State Historic Preservation Officer.[7] On February 14, 2010, the national designation was approved for The Bibb City Historic District and it was listed in the NRHP.[8]

GeographyEdit

Bibb City is located at 32°30′5″N 84°59′31″W / 32.50139°N 84.99194°W / 32.50139; -84.99194 (32.501441, -84.991956).[9]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 0.2 square miles (0.4 km²), all land.

DemographicsEdit

Census Pop.
1910463
19201,090135.4%
19301,70756.6%
19401,631−4.5%
19501,452−11.0%
19601,213−16.5%
1970812−33.1%
1980667−17.9%
1990597−10.5%
2000510−14.6%
U.S. Decennial Census[10]

At the census[2] of 2000, there were 510 people, 220 households, and 117 families residing in the town. The population density was 3,064.9 people per square mile (1,158.3/km²). There were 242 housing units at an average density of 1,454.3/sq mi (549.6/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 92.16% White, 4.31% African American, 0.98% Native American, 0.20% Asian, 0.20% Pacific Islander, 0.20% from other races, and 1.96% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.78% of the population.

There were 220 households out of which 24.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 32.3% were married couples living together, 15.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 46.4% were non-families. 39.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 19.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.32 and the average family size was 3.18.

In the town the population was spread out with 24.1% under the age of 18, 12.0% from 18 to 24, 25.9% from 25 to 44, 21.4% from 45 to 64, and 16.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females, there were 90.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.6 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $24,107, and the median income for a family was $23,125. Males had a median income of $27,083 versus $21,071 for females. The per capita income for the town was $13,068. About 27.9% of families and 32.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 57.1% of those under age 18 and 19.4% of those age 65 or over.

Bibb Manufacturing's Columbus MillEdit

The centerpiece of Bibb City was Bibb Manufacturing Company's 750,000 sq ft (70,000 m2) Columbus Mill. At its peak in the 1940s, the mill employed 2,500 workers and was the largest cotton mill in the United States.[11] In that segregated era, most of the textile workers were white.

The mill closed in 1998 but was left standing. Shortly after midnight on October 30, 2008, the 750,000 sq ft (70,000 m2) Columbus Mill was destroyed by a massive fire.[12] After a four-day joint investigation by the ATF and the Columbus Department of Fire and Emergency Medical Services, the cause of the blaze remained undetermined.[13]

ClimateEdit

The climate in this area is characterized by relatively high temperatures and evenly distributed precipitation throughout the year. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Bibb City has a humid subtropical climate, abbreviated "Cfa" on climate maps.[14]

Climate data for Bibb City, Georgia
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 14
(57)
16
(60)
20
(68)
25
(77)
28
(82)
32
(89)
33
(91)
32
(89)
30
(86)
25
(77)
19
(66)
15
(59)
24
(75)
Average low °C (°F) 2
(35)
3
(37)
7
(44)
10
(50)
15
(59)
20
(68)
22
(71)
21
(69)
18
(64)
12
(53)
6
(42)
3
(37)
11
(51)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 110
(4.3)
120
(4.6)
140
(5.7)
110
(4.3)
100
(4)
97
(3.8)
140
(5.5)
99
(3.9)
81
(3.2)
51
(2)
91
(3.6)
120
(4.7)
1,260
(49.6)
Source: Weatherbase [15]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Bibb City on City-Data
  2. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on September 11, 2013. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
  3. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. October 25, 2007. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
  4. ^ "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. July 9, 2010.
  5. ^ Brock, Gretchen A. (December 2009). "National Register of Historic Places Inventory/Nomination: Bibb City Historic District". National Park Service. Retrieved April 24, 2017. With 7 photos from October 2008
  6. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on January 12, 2006. Retrieved April 25, 2005.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  7. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on September 25, 2006. Retrieved December 5, 2006.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  8. ^ "Bibb City gets a listing on the NRHP", Ledger-Enquirer, April 1, 2010
  9. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. February 12, 2011. Retrieved April 23, 2011.
  10. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Archived from the original on April 26, 2015. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  11. ^ Bibb Manufacturing Company, Georgia Encyclopedia; retrieved November 2008
  12. ^ "Fire claims 750,000-square-foot Bibb Mill; cause unknown"[permanent dead link], Ledger-Enquirer; retrieved November 2008
  13. ^ No Cause Found for Bibb Mill Fire[permanent dead link], Ledger-Enquirer; retrieved November 2008
  14. ^ Climate Summary for Bibb City, Georgia
  15. ^ "Weatherbase.com". Weatherbase. 2013. Retrieved on September 28, 2013.