Bergneustadt (German pronunciation: [bɛɐ̯kˈnɔʏʃtat]) is a municipality in the eastern part of the Oberbergischer Kreis (district), in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. It is located 50 km east of Cologne. It is part of the Berg region.
|• Mayor||Wilfried Holberg|
|• Total||37.86 km2 (14.62 sq mi)|
|Elevation||206 - 500 m (−1,434 ft)|
|• Density||500/km2 (1,300/sq mi)|
|Time zone||CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)|
|Dialling codes||0 22 61|
- 1 History
- 2 Geography
- 3 Politics
- 4 The coat of arms
- 5 Buildings and institutions
- 6 Associations
- 7 Economy
- 8 Population
- 9 Transport
- 10 Town twinnings
- 11 Persons
- 12 References
- 13 External links
In 1301 the drost Rutger of Altena started with the construction of the Niestat, as an outpost of the County of Mark against the archbishop of Cologne, on the request of Eberhard II, Count of the Mark. The new "Veste" soon received the same rights as Lüdenscheid. Together with Wipperfürth, Lüdenscheid and Lennep, it belongs to a series of town foundations of the 13th century in the border region of the County of Mark and the County of Berg.
The new town had impressive fortifications, including the town castle on a mountain spur above the river Dörspe. Parts of the town walls have survived. After early 17th century Neustadt went into decline, due to war, epidemics, fires and decreased strategic importance. After 1830 the construction of major roads and the railway lines from Siegburg and Cologne to Olpe (1896-1903) helped the town to new growth, further aided by strong industrial growth since the 1950s. The main activities are car industry, paper treatment, metal treatment and plastic treatment as well as mechanical engineering.
Older than the main town are Wiedenest (1154), Altenothe (1237), Belmicke (1296); they all are a part of Bergneustadt since 1969. The decorated church (Bunte Kirche) in Wiedenest dates from the 12th century and is one of the most beautiful churches in North Rhine-Westphalia.
Bergneustadt is situated in the Bergisches Land, an area of low hills east of the river Rhine and west of the higher Sauerland hills. The town lies in the valley of the small river Dörspe, a tributary of the Agger. Neighbouring municipalities are Gummersbach to the west, Drolshagen to the east, and Reichshof to the south.
The municipality Bergneustadt consists of the main town Bergneustadt and 22 Ortsteile (districts): Altenothe, Attenbach, Auf dem Dümpel, Baldenberg, Belmicke, Bösinghausen, Brelöh, Freischlade, Geschleide, Hackenberg, Höh, Hüngringhausen, Immicke, Leienbach, Neuenothe, Niederrengse, Pernze, Pustenbach, Rosenthal, Rosenthalseifen, Wiedenest and Wörde. The largest of these are Hackenberg (pop. 3,326 in 2005), Wiedenest (pop. 3,029) and Pernze (pop. 1,071).
Bergneustadt has a youth council which allows the council to participate in decision-making for the city.
The coat of armsEdit
The arms were granted on December 24, 1876.
The town developed around a castle built in 1301 by Rüttger von Altena ordered by Earl Eberhard II of the Mark. The oldest seals of the city date from the middle of the 14th century and already show the present arms. The upper part of the arms shows the arms of the Counts of the Mark, the lower part the older arms of the (oldest) Counts of Berg, from which the Counts of the Mark descended. From 1922-1969 the city used a mural crown on the arms.
Buildings and institutionsEdit
- In the district Wiedenest stands a "colored church" with colorful medieval paintings at the ceiling.
- Public library Bergneustadt
- Sparkasse (Savings bank) Gummersbach-Bergneustadt with four offices (city centre, district Stadtwald, district Wiedenest, district Pernze)
- Commerzbank with one office
- Deutsche Bank with one office
- Volksbank Oberberg e.V. with one office
- "Gemeinschaftsgrundschule Bergneustadt 'Auf dem Bursten' " (primary school)
- "Katholische Grundschule Bergneustadt" (catholic primary school)
- "Gemeinschaftsgrundschule Bergneustadt-Hackenberg" (primary school)
- "Gemeinschaftsgrundschule Bergneustadt-Wiedenest" (primary school)
- "Wüllenweber Gymnasium" (grammar school/high school Bergneustadt)
- "Städtische Realschule Bergneustadt" (city secondary school)
- "Gemeinschaftshauptschule" (general school Bergneustadt)
Religious groups and communitiesEdit
Protestant parishes and churchesEdit
- Evangelische Kirchengemeinde Bergneustadt (Lutheran denomination) with
• Altstadtkirche (17th century)
• Versöhnerkirche, district Stadtwald (1966)
• Gemeindecentrum Hackenberg (1976)
- Evangelische Kirchengemeinde Wiedenest (Lutheran denomination) with churches in
• Wiedenest (Bunte Kerk, 11th century)
• Neuenothe (chapel, 1960s)
• Pernze (1960s)
Roman Catholic parishes and churchesEdit
- Roman Catholic parish Saint Stephanus, Bergneustadt
- Roman Catholic parish Saint Matthias, Hackenberg
- Roman Catholic parish Saint Anna, Belmicke, with a chapel in Wiedenest/Pernze
- Evangelisch-freikirchliche Gemeinden (Brüdergemeinden) Wiedenest
- Evangelisch-freikirchliche Gemeinden (Brüdergemeinden) Hackenberg
- Evangelisch-freikirchliche Gemeinde (Baptisten) Bergneustadt, Wilhelmstrasse
- Common Bible school - Wiedenest (this is the bible school of the German brethren)
- Christen ohne Namen (= Christians without a name)
Other religious groupsEdit
- FC Wiedenest-Othetal (football) www.fc-wiedenest-othetal.de
- TV Bergneustadt (different sports, e.g. handball, gymnastics, karate)
- Chess association Bergneustadt/Derschlag
- Stamp collector's association Bergneustadt
- Baris Spor Hackenberg (football)
- SSV Bergneustadt (football)
- Bodyguard (kickboxing, Thai-boxing, boxing, yoga)
- Table tennis association "Schwalbe" Bergneustadt ("Schwalbe" being the main sponsor)
- Soar club Bergneustadt
- German Red Cross Bergneustadt
- HSG Bergneustadt-Gummersbach
- BSV (swimming)
- The Voices (choir with newer repertoire)
The city's major employer is Metalsa Automotive GmbH (formerly Innomotive Systems Europe GmbH or briefly called ISE) - a supplier of the automotive industry which is specialized in the development and production of innovative structural and safety systems for automobiles. With 2000 employees in Germany and 12200 globally.
Bergneustadt is connected to the Bundesautobahn 4 (Cologne - Olpe) by a feeder road. The Bundesstraße 55 runs through the city centre, through the district Wiedenest and along the district Pernze. It connects the town with Gummersbach (in the West) and Drolshagen (in the East).
At the bus stop Graf-Eberhard-Platz in the city centre are stopping the following bus lines:
- No. 301 : Gummersbach —- Bergneustadt —- Olpe
- No. 313 : Bergneustadt (city centre) —- Attenbach
- No. 314 : Bergneustadt (city centre) —- Hackenberg (district)
- No. 315 : Bergneustadt (city centre) —- Stadtwald (district)
There is an airfield with a 600 m (1968.5 ft) long grass airstrip in the district Auf dem Dümpel. Planes with one motor and a maximal weight of 3,400 pounds and helicopters with a maximal weight of 11,400 pounds are allowed to alight.
- Châtenay-Malabry and Landsmeer are also twinned since 1986
- „Arbeitsgemeinschaft Neustadt in Europa“ (see the german Wikipedia: „Neustadt in Europa“)
- Johann Gottlieb Nörremberg (1787-1862), physicist
- Friedhelm Julius Beucher, (born 1946), teacher, politician (SPD), member of the Bundestag 1990-2002
- Horst Janzen, (1930-1978), painter
- Heinz Schilling (born 1942), historian at the Humboldt University of Berlin
- Anja Harteros (born 1972), opera singer
- Günther Aders, Quellen zur Geschichte der Stadt Bergneustadt und des alten Amtes Neustadt von 1109 bis 1630 = Sources for the History of the City of Bergneustadt and the old Amtes Neustadt from 1109 to 1630, pg. 71, 1951, 7-268
- Marianne Hack and Hubertus Dan - Literaturverzeichnis zur Geschichte Bergneustadts im 19. und 20. Jahrhundert = Bibliography to the History of Bergneustadts in the 19th and the 20th centuries, Gummersbach, 1991
- Bergneustadt 1301-1951, Festschrift, Bergneustadt 1951
- "Bevölkerung der Gemeinden Nordrhein-Westfalens am 31. Dezember 2018" (in German). Landesbetrieb Information und Technik NRW. Retrieved 10 July 2019.
- Klaus Pampus: "Documentary first namings of Oberbergischer places"
- Griebeler, Monika (20 September 2011). "Kids make their voices heard in youth legislatures around the world". Deutsche Welle. Retrieved 20 September 2011.
- "German description of the airfield". Segelflieger-Club Bergneustadt e.V. 2006. Retrieved 2007-09-30.[dead link]