Bernard Rudolf "Ben" Bot (Dutch pronunciation: [ˈbɛrnɑrt ˈrydɔlf bɛn bɔt]; born 21 November 1937) is a retired Dutch politician and diplomat of the Christian Democratic Appeal (CDA).

Ben Bot
Bernard Bot (agenciabrasil).jpeg
Ben Bot in 2007
Minister of Foreign Affairs
In office
3 December 2003 – 22 February 2007
Prime MinisterJan Peter Balkenende
Preceded byJaap de Hoop Scheffer
Succeeded byMaxime Verhagen
Permanent Representative of the
Netherlands to the European Union
In office
1 October 1992 – 1 January 2003
Preceded byUnknown
Succeeded byUnknown
Ambassador of the Netherlands
to Turkey
In office
1 January 1986 – 1 January 1989
Preceded byUnknown
Succeeded byUnknown
Deputy Permanent Representative
of the Netherlands to NATO
In office
1 January 1982 – 1 January 1986
Preceded byUnknown
Succeeded byUnknown
Ambassador of the Netherlands
to East Germany
In office
30 January 1973 – 15 December 1976
Preceded byNew title
Succeeded byUnknown
Personal details
Born
Bernard Rudolf Bot

(1937-11-21) 21 November 1937 (age 81)
Batavia, Dutch East Indies
NationalityDutch
Political partyChristian Democratic Appeal
(from 1980)
Other political
affiliations
Catholic People's Party
(until 1980)
Domestic partnerSybilla Dekker
(since 2008)
Children3 children
FatherTheo Bot
ResidenceThe Hague, Netherlands
Alma materLeiden University
(Bachelor of Laws, Master of Laws, Doctor of Philosophy)
Harvard University
(Juris Doctor, Master of Laws)
OccupationPolitician · Diplomat · Civil servant · Nonprofit director · Lobbyist [1]

He served as Minister of Foreign Affairs from 3 December 2003 until 22 February 2007 in the Cabinets Balkenende II and III. A career diplomat, he succeeded then-Minister of Foreign Affairs Jaap de Hoop Scheffer who resigned to become Secretary General of NATO in 2003.[2][3]

Contents

Early life and educationEdit

Bot was born in Batavia, Dutch East Indies (now Jakarta, Indonesia). The son of Theo Bot who served as Minister of Education, Culture and Science and Minister for Development Cooperation. He studied at the Leiden University where he earned an L.L.M. and a Ph.D. degree in Law, and attended subsequently the Hague Academy of International Law and Harvard Law School (Cambridge, Massachusetts, United States) where he received a second L.L.M. degree from the latter.

PoliticsEdit

He served in the Ministry of Foreign Affairs from 1963 to 2002, including postings at the Permanent Representation of the Netherlands to the European Community from 1964 to 1970, the Netherlands embassy in Buenos Aires to 1973, and at the embassy in former East-Berlin in the DDR. In the period 1976-1982 he worked in the Netherlands for the Ministry of Foreign Affairs in The Hague, after which he was Deputy Permanent Representative of the Netherlands to the North Atlantic Treaty Organisation (NATO) in Brussels.

From 1986-1989, Bot was Ambassador of the Netherlands to Turkey.[4] He served as Secretary-General of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs in The Hague until 1992, when he was appointed as Permanent Representative of the Netherlands to the European Union in Brussels. He held that post for an unusually long period of 10 years.

On 3 December 2003, Bot succeeded former NATO Secretary-General Jaap de Hoop Scheffer as Minister of Foreign Affairs in the second Balkenende cabinet. Bot is a member of the Christen Democratisch Appèl (CDA) party. In February 2007 He was succeeded as foreign minister by Maxime Verhagen in the fourth Balkenende cabinet. Currently, Bot is a partner of the Praaning Meines Consultancy Group and holds various public posts including President of the Netherlands Institute for Multiparty Democracy[4] and Chairman of the Board of the Clingendael Institute in The Hague.

Bot was interviewed by the NRC Handelsblad newspaper in December 2007, where he reiterated his 2005 position that the 2003 invasion of Iraq was a mistake, and that he had to "redress" his comment in 2005 after heavy pressure from prime minister Jan Peter Balkenende. In response, Balkenende said that he would have asked Bot to step down if he did not revise his position at the time.

DecorationsEdit

Honours
Ribbon bar Honour Country Date Comment
  Officer of the Order of Orange-Nassau Netherlands 10 December 1985 [4]
  Knight of the Order of the Netherlands Lion Netherlands 30 April 1993 [4]
  Silver Medal of Honor of the Order of the Three Stars Latvia 2008
  Commander's Cross of the Order of Merit Poland 29 June 2012 [5]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ ‹See Tfd›(in Dutch) Bernard Bot Archived August 19, 2012, at the Wayback Machine, Meines & Partners, 20 May 2012
  2. ^ ‹See Tfd›(in Dutch) Bot vervangt De Hoop Scheffer begin december Archived March 4, 2016, at the Wayback Machine, De Volkskrant, 30 September 2003
  3. ^ ‹See Tfd›(in Dutch) Ben Bot (65) nieuwe minister op BZ Archived December 29, 2014, at the Wayback Machine, Trouw, 30 September 2003
  4. ^ a b c d nimd.org, Profile Ben Bot
  5. ^ ‹See Tfd›(in Dutch) Voormalig minister Bernard Bot onderscheiden met de Orde van Verdienste van de Republiek Polen[permanent dead link], Meines & Partners, 29 June 2012

External linksEdit

Official
Political offices
Preceded by
Jaap de Hoop Scheffer
Minister of Foreign Affairs
2003–2007
Succeeded by
Maxime Verhagen
Civic offices
Preceded by
Eduard Jacobs
Secretary-General of the
Ministry of Foreign Affairs

1988–1991
Succeeded by
Dirk van den Berg
Non-profit organization positions
Preceded by
Jos van Kemenade
Chairman of the
Institute for Multiparty Democracy

2007–2018
Succeeded by
Eimert van Middelkoop
Preceded by
Hans van den Broek
Chairman of the
Netherlands Institute of International
Relations Clingendael

2007–2015
Succeeded by
Paul van der Heijden
Chairman of the
Netherlands Carnegie Foundation

2007–present
Incumbent
Chairman of
Radio Netherlands Worldwide

2008–2016
Succeeded by
Theo Huibers