# Bel–Robinson tensor

In general relativity and differential geometry, the Bel–Robinson tensor is a tensor defined in the abstract index notation by:

$T_{abcd}=C_{aecf}C_{b}{}^{e}{}_{d}{}^{f}+{\frac {1}{4}}\epsilon _{ae}{}^{hi}\epsilon _{b}{}^{ej}{}_{k}C_{hicf}C_{j}{}^{k}{}_{d}{}^{f}$ Alternatively,

$T_{abcd}=C_{aecf}C_{b}{}^{e}{}_{d}{}^{f}-{\frac {3}{2}}g_{a[b}C_{jk]cf}C^{jk}{}_{d}{}^{f}$ where $C_{abcd}$ is the Weyl tensor. It was introduced by Lluís Bel in 1959. The Bel–Robinson tensor is constructed from the Weyl tensor in a manner analogous to the way the electromagnetic stress–energy tensor is built from the electromagnetic tensor. Like the electromagnetic stress–energy tensor, the Bel–Robinson tensor is totally symmetric and traceless:

$T_{abcd}=T_{(abcd)}$ $T^{a}{}_{acd}=0$ In general relativity, there is no unique definition of the local energy of the gravitational field. The Bel–Robinson tensor is a possible definition for local energy, since it can be shown that whenever the Ricci tensor vanishes (i.e. in vacuum), the Bel–Robinson tensor is divergence-free:

$\nabla ^{a}T_{abcd}=0$ 